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«KITOBU-L-JADARi V-AL-HASBA»

nagzak«KITOBU-L-JADARi V-AL-HASBA» («Kitob dar bobi nagzak va surkhcha»), asari Abubakr Muhammad ibni Zakariyoi Rozi dar bobi tib. Ibtidoi a. 10 ba zaboni arabi navishta shudaast. «K.» asarest, ki dar asosi mushohidahoi shakhsii muallif navishta shuda, sar to po mukammal va balandmazmun meboshad. Nagzak va surkhcha ba insoniyat az qadimulayyom malum ast. Vale avvalin marotiba dar tarikhi ilmi tib dar «K.» nagzak az surkhcha hamchun bemorii alohida judo karda shudaast. Dar asari mazkur dar borai alomatho, tarzi siroyat, muolija, peshgiri va jarayoni bemorihoi nagzak va surkhcha va nisbat ba nagzak masuniyat (immunitet) paydo namudani odami ba on giriftor malumoti purra doda shudaand. Malumoti mazkur to hol qimmati ilmiyu amalii khudro gum nakardaand. Minbad dar «K.» baroi isboti goyai mazkur tajribahoi moei dokhili hubobchahoi bemorii nagzakro girifta, ba shakhsi digari solim payvand kardan, tasvir gashtaast. Goya va usuli mazkur minbad dar tamomi mamlakathoi SHarq, badi a. 17 dar Evropa pahn gashta, muvofiqi on usuli nagzakkani kashf gardid.
«K.» asrhoi ziyod dar maktabhoyu muassisahoi tibbii jahon chun kitobi darsi va dasturamal istifoda shudaast. Asar nakhustin marotiba s. 1498 dar Venetsiya bo nomi «Liber de Pestilentia» ba zaboni lotini va minbad to s. 1781 boz 7 marotiba, s. 1548 bo zaboni yunoni, 1817 bo zaboni anglisi va s-hoi 1763, 1866 bo zaboni fransavi nashr shudaast.

T. Ahmadov.

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