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«KITOBU-L-ADVIYATI-L-QALBIYA»

kitobul-hidoyat«KITOBU-L-ADVIYATI-L-QALBIYA» («Kitob dar borai doruhoi dil»), asari Abuali ibni Sino dar bobi tib, ki s-hoi 1019 – 21 dar Hamadon bakhshida ba Ash-SHarif Said Abulhusayn Ali ibni Abulhusayn al-Hasani ba zaboni arabi talif shudaast. «K.» masalahoi amrozi dil va muolijai onro bo dalelho sharh medihad. «K.» az muqaddima, 19 fasl va khulosa iborat ast. Faslhoi 1-um va 2-yum ba holathoi hayot va ruh, fasli 3-yum ba tasiri makhsusi ruhi ba dil va ba vujud omadani khursandi, gam, khavf va gazab, fasli 4-um ba mizoj, faslhoi 5-um va 6-um oid ba sababhoi shodi va gam, fasli 7-um ba holathoi ruhi (zaifi, khafagi, khursandi, purquvvati) va farqiyatu sababhoi onho, fasli 8-um ba sifati khuni odam nigoh karda holathoi ruhii insonro muayyan namudan, fasli 9-um ba kek (takrori vositahoi aziyatdihanda dar fikr va nisbat ba on ba vujud omadani hissi niqorgiri) va khelhoi on, fasli 10-um ba khususiyathoi doruhoi soddae, ki tabiati kasro shod megardonand, fasli 11-um ba afzaliyati doruhoi shirinu khushbuy va ahamiyati onho dar muolijai bemorihoi dil, fasli 12-um ba yagonagii muhit va khususiyati shakhsii bemor, fasli 13-um ba khosiyati doruho (yane, garm, khunuk, tar, khushk, latif, chaspak, shoranda, buynok, bebuy va g.) va ezohi onho, faslhoi 14-um va 15-um ba sifati doruhoi dil va foidayu zarari onho, fasli 16-um ba 65 dorui naboti, hayvoni va madani, fasli 17-um ba doruhoi murakkabi qadima (yane, doruhoi to davrai Ibni Sino malum buda), fasli 18-um ba doruhoi murakkabi khudi muallif tartibdoda va istifodai onho va fasli 19-um ba bemorihoi dil, ki az ikhtiloli khiltho ba vujud meoyand va az khilthoi zararnok toza kardani organizm bakhshida shudaand.
«K.» avvalin asarest, ki ba doruhoi dil bakhshida shudaast. Dar «K.» Ibni Sino dar borai az khilthoi latif paydo shudani ruh va khosiyathoi ba on vobasta (gam, gazab va g.) ba tafsil malumot medihad. Ibni Jazla, Ibni Usaybia, Ibni Baytor, Ibni Husayni Ansori, Hakimi, Mulami va dig. dar asosi tasir va istifodai bevositai «K.» asarho ejod kardand. YAk nuskhai «K.» dar fondi dastkhathoi In-ti Halqhoi Osiyoi AI FR sh. Sankt-Peterburg (№ 1045) va yak nuskhai dig. on dar fondi dastkhathoi In-ti sharqshinosii AI JT mahfuz ast. «K.» ba zaboni lotini (bo nomi «De viribus cordis») hanuz dar a. 16 va ba zaboni turki s. 1937 (bo tarjimai Rifat Bilgi) nashr shudaast.
T. Ahmadov.

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