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«KITOB MO AL-FARQ»

fusul-fit-tib«KITOB MO AL-FARQ» («Kitobi farq chist?»), asari Abubakr Muhammad ibni Zakariyoi Rozi (865 – 925 m.) dar bayoni chigunagii farqi miyoni bemoriho. Ba zaboni arabi talif shudaast. Nomi kitob dar sarchashmaho ba shaklhoi «Mo al-farq», «Mo al-furuq» va «Kalom fi-l-furuq bayna-l-amroz» niz yod meshavad. «K.» az muqaddima, panj maqola, har maqola az faslho va har fasle az chand farq iborat ast. Muallif dar muqaddimai kitob guftaast, ki tabibon bemorihoro az tariqi sababho va dalelho meshinosand, vale bisyore az sababhovu dalelho dar miyoni bemoriho mushtarak buda, az in ru aksar vaqt dar shinokhtani bemoriho ishtiboh voqe meshavad. Binobar on u khostaast, ki farqiyati asosii in dalelhovu sababhoro dar nisbati bemoriho ba tartib az sar to poy bayon kunad. Maqolai yakum az panj fasl iborat buda, dar on 28 farqi holathoe bayon shudaast, ki dar bakhshhoi sar oriz megardand. Maqolai duvvum az se fasl iborat buda, dar on farqiyathoi miyoni bemoriho va holathoe bayon yoftaand, ki olathoi nafaskashiro ruy medihand. Maqolai sevvum az chahor fasl iborat buda, dar on farqiyathoi miyoni bemoriho va holathoe bayon shudaand, ki meda, jigar, ispurj, gurda, masona va olathoi tanosulro ruy medihand. Maqolai chahorum az se fasl iborat buda, farqhoi miyoni bemoriho va holathoero darbar megirad, ki dar tamomi badan oriz megardand. Maqolai panjum az du fasl tarkib yofta, dar on farqhoi miyoni baze az aqsomi nabz va peshob nishon doda shudaast.
Kitob khususiyati talimi doshta, dar on matolib ba shakli savolu javobi «Farq chist?» insho shudaast. Matni intiqodii in kitobro bori avval doktor Salmon Qatoya dar asosi se nuskhai khattii on, ki yake dar London, duvvumi dar Tehron va seyumi dar Bagdod mahfuz budaast, bo muqaddima va sharhu tavzehoti lozima s. 1978 dar Halab ba tab rasondaast.
Ad.: Abubakri Rozi, «Kitob mo al-farq», Halab, 1978.
S. SHahobuddinov.

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