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KITF

kitfKITF (Brachium), bozu,bandi proksimali (ba tana nazdik)-i andomhoi boloi. Asosi K. az ustukhoni bozu ibrat buda, ba on mushakho payvast shudaand. Guruhi mushakhoi peshi K.-ro mushakhoi qatkunanda tashkil medihand (mushaki dusarai kitf, mushakhoi bozu, nulshaklu bozu); ba guruhi mushakhoi qafo mushaki sesarai bozu, ki soidro kham mekunad, mansub meboshad. Arteriyai kitf, ki hamrohi du vena va asabi miyonjoi az zeri mushakparda meguzarad, dar juyaki mediali joy giriftaast. Ba mushakhoi pesh asabi mushaku pust, ba mushakhoi qafo asabi soid, ba pust asabhoi miyonjoi, jonibi va asabi qafoi pusti kitf khidmat merasonand. Az juyake, ki ustukhon va mushaki sesara tashkil mekunand asabi soid meguzarad.
Ba nuqsi inkishofi K. vujud nadoshtani tamomi andom (ameliya), purra inkishof nayoftani bandhoi dast (ektromeliya) va g. mansuband.
Osebhoi boftahoi narmi K. bo dardi shadid, mahdud shudani harakat, paydoishi khunomos, kabudpusti va g. padid meoyand. Dar in guna holatho, odatan, dastro nojunbon (immobilizatsiya) karda, ba joi oseb yakh meguzorand, doruhoi rafi dard istemol menamoyand. Hangomi daridani mushakparda, mushak va kanda shudani pay jarrohi zarur ast. YAke az illathoi asosii K. shikastani ustukhon meboshad. On kushoda va pushida meshavad. Dar chunin holatho ba uzv shina guzoshta, jabrdidaro zud ba bemorkhona (shubai osebshinosi) burdan lozim ast.
Nig. niz Bandi dast, Bandi kitf, Bandi orinj.
KL
Mushakhoi kitfi rost, namud az qafo (juyaki asabi soid boz karda shudaast): 1 – saraki jonibii mushaki sesarai kitf (burida shudaast); 2 – saraki darozi mushaki sesarai kitf; 3 – mushaki lundai kalon; 4 – mushaki lundai khurd; 5 – mushaki favqishavki; 6 – mushaki tahtishavki; 7 – surokhi setarafa; 8 – surokhi chortarafa; 9 – asabi soid; 10 – saraki miyonjoii mushaki sesarai kitf.

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