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KISTA

kistaKISTA (Cysta; yun. kystis – hubob), illatest dar bofta yo uzv, ki sathi dokhili onro epiteliya yo endoteliya pushidaast. K. haqiqi va durugin meshavad. Sathi dokhilii K.-i durugin pushishi epiteli yo endoteli nadorad.
K.-ho vobasta ba paydoish gunogun meshavand, mas., bandomada, modarzodi, omosi, osebi, illati, angali (paraziti). K.-i bandomada dar natijai yozidani gadud yo majroi on binobar ikhtiloli ikhroji tarashshuh tashakkul meyobad (binobar majroi tarashshuhro bastani sang, karakhsh, omos va g.). K.-i modarzodi (mas., kistahoi brankhiogeni, dermoidi, kistai follikulavii dandon) dar natijai nuqshoi gunoguni inkishof ba vujud meoyad. K.-hoi omosi dar omoshoe, ki javf dorand, ba mushohida merasand (mas., dar sistadenomai tukhmdon). K.-hoi osebi hangomi oseb yoftani epiteliy, mas., pust yo inobiya rukh menamoyand. K.-hoi illati va angali K.-hoi durugin meboshand. K.-hoi illati dar joi manbai nekroz, mas., saktai magzi sar, ba vujud meoyand. K.-hoi angali, mas., ekhinokokki va sistiserki, davrai kirminagii tasmakirmho – ekhinokokk yo sistiserk meboshand.

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