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KIRMI JIGARMAK

kirmi-chigarmakKIRMI JIGARMAK (Fasciola hepatica), fastsiolai muqarrari, kirmi parazit az sinfi trematodaho. Tanash bargmonand, daroziash 2 – 5 sm, dar intihoi qismi pesh uzvhoi makkandai dahoni va shikami dorad. Dar jigar, rohhoi dromadi zahra va zahradoni hayvonhoi shirmaki alafkhur va odam sokin meshavad. Tukhmhoi K. j. dar ob inkishof meyoband va dar organizmi aksari obboronakho, inchunin dig. narmbandho ba kirmina tabdil meyoband. Kirmina (serkariy) az narmbadan baromada, ba rastanihoi obi va sohili guzashta, ba adoleskariya mubaddal meshavad. Kirmina bo rastani ba organizmi digar dokhil shuda, dar jigar afzoish mekunad va bemorii fastsiolyozro ba vujud meorad.
Bo maqsadi mahv kardani K. j. shibarzaminhoro khushkonda, charogohhoro ivaz kardan lozim ast.
Ad.: SHuls R. S., Dikov G. I. Gelminti i gelmintozi selskokhozyaystvennikh jivotnikh, Alma-Ata, 1964.

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