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«KIFOYAI MANSURi»

«KIFOYAI MANSURi», asari Mansur ibni Muhammad ibni Ahmadi Kashmiri dar bobi tib, ki ba zaboni forsi-tojiki navishta shudaast. Nomi digari kitob «Kifoyai mujohidiya» buda, s. 1423 talif shudaast. Muallif onro ba hokimi Kashmir Sulton Zaynulobidin (1422 – 1472) bakhshidaast. Mundarijai «K. M.» ikhtisoran hamai qismathoi tibbi qadimro darbar girifta, baze taqsimot va mavzuhoi on ba tarzi khos va nav bayon gashtaand. «K. M.» az muqaddima va 32 bob (mavzu) iborat buda, ba asoshoi nazari va amalii tib bakhshida shudaast. Mas., dar kitob oid ba tadbiri hammom chunin omadaast: «… vaqti hammom raftan on goh boshad, ki gizo hazm shuda boshad. Va ba tadrij dar andaruni hammom boyad raft, yane dar khonai avval zamone tavaqquf boyad kard, pas dar khonai duyum, pas dar khonai seyum ravand va ob bar zamin birezand… Va kase, ki uro varam yo tabi afin (septiki) buvad, dar hammom naboyad raft… Obbozi ba obi sard baroi tavoni garmmizoj dar tobiston munosib ast. Va ammo bachagon va pironro va kasero, ki giriftori ishol yo nazla boshad, ba obi sard nishastan zararnok meboshad…».
Dar «K. M.» oid ba alomat va sababhoi bemori, khiltho (khun, balgam, talkha va savdo), azoi badan, sababhoi salomati, mizoj va alomathoi on, havo, harakati nafsoni, harakat va oromii badan, khob va bedori, taom va nushokiho, qabz va ikhroji moddahoi jamshuda, farbehi, nabz, buhron, tadbiri tifli navzod, piron, musofiron, hammom, bemorihoi pust, muy, shikasti ustukhon, muolijai bemoriho az sar to po, zikri davohoi gayri tarkibi, tabiat va tasiri onho, gusht, meva, sabzavot, davohoi tarkibi (24 navi onho) sukhan meravad.
Nuskhai dastkhati «K. M.» dar Lakhnav (Hinduston) mahfuz buda, dar hamon jo 5 marotiba ba tab rasidaast.
Ad.: Hikmati asrho (Muntakhabot az risola va lugathoi tibbi qadim), tartib.: Kapranov V. A., R. Hoshim, D., 1975.
T. Ahmadov.

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