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KERATOZHO

keratozhoKERATOZHO (Keratosis; yun. keras, keratos – shokh), yak guruhi bemoriho, ki dar mavridi on pust az had ziyod shuga mebandad. K. bemorihoi mamul meboshand. K. gayrimodarzodi va modarzodi meshavand.
K.-i gayrimodarzodi dar mavridi baze bemorihoi siroyati (makhav, sifilis, suzok), ikhtiloli faoliyati asab va gadudhoi usorai dokhili (mas., keratodermiyai klimakterii kafi dastu po), omoshoi saratonii azoi darun, khususan surkhruda, meda va g. inkishof meyobad. K. mumkin ast kasbi niz boshand; onho zeri tasiri omilhoi khimiyavi, mekhaniki va afkanishot ba vujud meoyand. CHunin navi K., odatan, dar joyhoi kushodai pust, mas., dar dast paydo meshavand. Dar pusti pushti dasti dukhturoni rentgenolog badi 20 – 25 soli kor zeri tasiri afkanishoti bardavom (on khele kam ham boshad) hosilahoi ozakhmonandi rangashon zardi khokistari inkishof meyoband. Dar korgarone, ki muddati madid bo qatron, ravgani angisht, neft, gudron tamos dorand, dar dast ozakhhoi sakht paydo meshavand. Dar pusti ruy, gardan, bozu mumkin ast pulakchahoi shokhin ba vujud oyand.
Dar organizm narasidani vitamini A va S boisi khushkidani pusti tamomi badan megardad. Dar odamoni kalon bisyor vaqt K.-i pirsoli ba vujud meoyand (dar bini, rukhsora, gardan, chakka va g.). Bazan joyhoi shugbastai pust ba yara tabdil meyoband.
Dar bayni K.-i modarzodi beshtar ikhtioz, keratodermiya, polikeratozho duchor meoyand. Baroi muolijai K. parhez va istemoli gizohoi doroi vitamini A va guruhi V mufid ast. Hamchunin obzanhoi ohari (37 – 38°S), sodai yo namaki (1 – 3%) ahamiyati kalon dorand. Dukhtur marhamhoi gunogun, afkanishoti ultrabunafsh, elektrokoagulyatsiya va g. niz tain mekunad. Farjomi bemori khub ast.

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