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KERATIT

keratitKERATIT (Keratitis; yun. keras – shokh), gazaki qarniya (shokhpardai chashm). Ba paydoishi on aksaran virus (ba nom K.-i tabkholi) va bazan digar mikroorganizmho sabab meshavand. K. badi osebi qarniya (hangomi az khusha, shokhi darakht, nokhun, jismhoi begona kharosh khurdani chashm), hangomi bemorihoi siroyati (gripp, suzok, nagzak, sil, sifilis), az norasoii vitamini A (nig. Vitaminkohish) rukh medihad.
Bemori giriftori K. az rushnoi metarsad, obi chashm meshorad, chashm dard mekunad; dar daruni chashm ehsosi jismi begona ba vujud meoyad. Bisyor vaqt bemori tavre jarayon megirad, ki shakhs chashmonashro kushoda nametavonad. Agar markazi qarniya niz gazak girifta boshad, on goh quvvai bosira khele zaif meshavad; iltihobi girdu atrofi qarniya ba quvvai bosira (binish) tasir namekunad.
Dar mavridi paydo shudani in alomatho darhol ba dukhturi chashm murojiat namuda, ba maslihati u qati rioya boyad kard. Tabobati nodurust va der boisi khira shudani chashm megardad (nig. Guli chashm). Dar in surat quvvai bosira ba darajae zaif meshavad, ki bemor faqat rushnoiro az toriki farq karda metavonadu bas.
Hangomi yakbora zaif shudani quvvai bosira pas az 5 – 6 mohi bemori qarniyaro tarmim mekunand (nig. Keratoplastika). On nuri chashmro to andozae barqaror menamoyad.

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