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KASHNIZ

kashnizKASHNIZ (Coriandrum sativum), gashnij, kashnich, sabzavotest mamul. To 120 sm qad mekashad. Poyai sershokhcha, bargi parmonand, khushaguli chatrnamo, guli maydai safed, gulobi, zard, mevai zardchai bur dorad. K.-ro dar taom meandozand, taru toza istifoda mebarand. Az tukhmi K. ravgani efir megirand. Gurai K. dar nonpazi, sanoati konserv va g. ahamiyati kalon dorad. Dar tarkibi sabzai on vitaminhoi S, A, V1, V2 va rutin mavjudand. Dar tibbi qadim K. ba sifati sabzavot va rastanii davobakhsh vase istifoda burda meshud. Ba guftai Abualii Sino K. mizoji khushku garm dorad. SHirai on nabzi tez, az jumla parishi raghoi chashmro taskin mebakhshad, khunravii bini va khunpartoiro bozmedorad, hangomi sarcharkhi yori merasonad. K.-i zirbonda qayro raf mekunad, orugi turshro taskin mebakhshad. Abualii Sino omekhtai K., sirko, ravgani sadbarg, asal va mavizro baroi muolijai sagles va sukhtani, omekhtai K.-i sabz, asal va mavizro hangomi omoshoi tabnoki khoya tavsiya dodaast. Ba aqidai Muhammad Husayni SHerozi bargu shokhchai sabzi K. yo shirai on khususiyati taskinbakhshi dorad, zuhuroti bugshaviro dar magzi sar peshgiri menamoyad. Agar onro khoyand yo bo shirai K. gargara kunand, busurot va suzishi dahonro raf mesozad. Tabiboni hind gurai K.-ro chun vositai taskinbakhsh, peshobron, afzoyandai shirai meda va taqviyatbakhsh ba kor mebarand.
Dar tibbi mardumii tojik K. gizoi ishtihoovar va behsozandai hazmi khurok mahsub meshavad. Onro hangomi khunravii milki dandon, baroi muolijai kamkhuni va galayoni khun, bazan chun davoi taskinbakhsh tavsiya medihand. SHirai barg va jushobi gurai onro ba sifati omili talkharon, peshobron va ziddi surfa ba kor mebarand. Jushobi reshai K. baroi muolijai bemorii surkhcha va zafarma naf dorad. Bo shirai K. chayqondani dahon bemorii stomatitro davo mekunad. Gurai K.-ro hangomi asaboniyat, darunravi va zafi peshobdon istifoda mebarand.
Ba aqidai tabiboni khalqi agar obi K.-ro dar chashm chakonand, nameguzorad, ki dar on surkhakon baroyad, agar on obro dar dahon gardonand, dard va jushishhoi gunoguni daruni dahonro dur mekunad, dardi dandonro taskin medihad. K.-ro nimkufta ba dandon va milkhoi on bimoland, onhoro mustahkam mekunad, az milki dandon raftani khunro man menamoyad. Oshomidani obi bo shakar shirinkardai K. ishtihoro mekushoyad, khob meovarad. Istemoli K.-i taru toza quvvai bohro sust va agar bardavom bikhurand, hatto nest mekunad. K.-i kuftaro ba varamho bandand, onhoro ba zudi tahlil medihad, agar onro bo ordi jav khamir karda, ba khanozir (khukak) guzoshta bandand, davo meshavad.
Tukhmi K.-ro kufta bikhurand, ba dil faroh mebakhshad, dil va magzi sarro qavi megardonad, isholro mebandad, beikhtiyor ravon gashtani maniro isloh mekunad. Az tukhmi K. sharbat tayyor karda biyoshomand, illathoi siyoh zadani chashm va charkh zadani sarro daf menamoyad.
Dar tibbi muosir istemoli K. ba sifati davoi talkharon va parhezi, ki hazmi khurokro behtar megardonad, tavsiya shudaast. Ravgani efiri K. khususiyati talkharoni va ziddiufunati dorad, jarohathoro shifo mebakhshad. K.-i sabz tarashshuhi shirai meda, gadudi zeri meda, rohi talkhayu peshobro behtar mekunad. Ravgani efiri gurai K. baroi uzvhoi hozima va talkharoha mufid ast.
Ad.: Nuraliev YU., Lekarstvennie rasteniya, D., 1988; Zohidov H., Kanzi shifo, D., 1998.

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