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KARTOSHKA

kartoshkaKARTOSHKA (Salanum tuberosum), sabzavotest mamul. Poyaash rost, to 30 – 150 sm qad mekashad. Bargi parmonand, guli safed, kabud, bunafsh, bunafshi surkhtob, gujummevai mudavvar yo bayzashakli sertukhm dorad. Az K. ziyoda az 200 khel taom tayyor mekunand. Baroi istehsoli spirt, ohar, glyukoza, kauchuk va g. niz ashyoi khom ast. Ohari onro dar sanoati khurokvori, bofandagi va kogazbarori vase ba kor mebarand. Dar tarkibi lundai K. ohar, qand, safeda, namakhoi minerali, vitaminhoi S, V1, V2, V6, D, RR, E, U va karotinoidho mavjud meboshand.
Tabiboni khalqi K.-ro taroshida ba joyhoi sukhta, shukufa va dig. bemorihoi pust mebandand. Buy kardani bugi K. (hangomi jushondani on) nazlai rohhoi boloii nafas, laringit, faringit, zukom va baze bemorihoi digarro shifo mebakhshad. SHirai bo sarshir va qaymoq omekhtai K.-ro baroi ravondani dogi kunjidak va muolijai kafidagihoi pust istifoda mebarand. K.-i khom turshii shirai medaro mutadil megardonad, binobar in baroi muolijai zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta mufid ast. K. zardajush, orug va dig. illathoro raf menamoyad.
Dar tibbi ilmi K. baroi bemoroni illati dil va gurda gizoi parhezi mahsub meshavad. Muqarrar gashtaast, ki naqei guli K. fishori khunro past va nafaskashiro tez mekunad, alkaloidhoi on khosiyati ziddigistamini, ziddimikrobi, ziddizanburugi va insektisidi dorand. Ohari K. dar mavridi bemorihoi muzmini uzvhoi hozima va chun davoi mulayinu rafi iltihob istifoda burda meshavad.
Ad.: Nuraliev YU., Lekarstvennie rasteniya, D., 1988.

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