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KARSINOMA

karsinomaKARSINOMA (Carcinoma), bodkhura, yak nav omosi saratonist, ki ba hujayrahoi uzvhoi dokhili va hujayrahoi epiteliyai pusti odam zarar merasonad. K. chand khel meshavad, mas., asoshujayra, pahnhujayra, K.-i shush va g. K.-i asoshujayra nihoyat sust afzoish meyobad. Dar pust girehchai surkhi sathash hamvor paydo shuda, bo mururi vaqt rangi khudro tagyir (az gulgun to jigarii baland) medihad. Qismi markazii girehcha karakhsh dorad. On metavonad ba yara tabdil yofta, boftahoi poyoniro kharob sozad. K.-i pahnhujayra az hujayrahoi serqabati epiteliyai pahn iborat ast; bisyor vaqt shuga mebandad. Hujayrahoi omos ba tavassuti desmasomaho (pulchahoi baynihujayravi) payvast meboshand. Omos zud afzoish yofta resha meronad. K.-i shush shaklhoi gunogun dorad: epidermoidi, adenokarsinoma, kalonhujayra va khurdhujayra.
Tabobati K. ba tabiati omosi avvalin vobasta ast. Baroi muolijai on az doruhoi gunogun va usuli jarrohi istifoda mebarand.

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