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KARIYU GUNGi

kariyu-gungiKARIYU GUNGi (Surdomutismus), holati loli va gushkarie, ki modarzod yo ayyomi kudaki paydo shudaast. Kudaki gushash vaznini modarzod gap zadanro mustaqil az khud karda nametavonad, zero ba odamoni atrof irtiboti nutqi nadorad. Agar qobiliyati someai vay ovoni kudaki gum shuda boshad, pas on zakhirai kalimahoe, ki qablan dosht, tadrijan az bayn rafta, K. g. ogoz meyobad. Az hamin sabab tashkhisi barmahali gushvaznini yo karii tifl bahri andeshidani tadbirhoi muolijavi zarur buda, aksar vaqt natijai musbat medihad. Az in ru muhim ast, ki modar va nazdikoni u kudakonro tahti nazorati doimii khud girand. Agar onho az karii tifl pay barand, pas uro hatman nazdi dukhturi otorinolaringolog burdan lozim ast. Usulhoi zamonavii tahqiqot baroi muayyan namudani darajai karii hatto kudaki shirmak niz imkoniyat medihad. Bazan gum shudani qobiliyati someai tifl ba adenoidho vobasta ast. Dar in mavrid bo usuli jarrohi adenoidhoro girifta mepartoyand. Agar kari ilojnopazir, yane natijai inkishofi nomukammali gushi daruni, sarsom yo zarbu lat boshad, on vaqt diqqati asosi ba taraqqi dodani nutqi kudak ravona meshavad. Binobar in, talimi karu gungon har qadar barvaqt ogoz yobad, natijaash hamon qadar behtar ast.
Muassisahoi makhsusi surdopedagogi mavjudand, ki dar on jo karu gungonro nutqi khatti va shifohi meomuzand. Hanuz dar a. 16 baroi omuzishi K. g. alifboi dasti yo angushti peshnihod shuda bud. Ba karu gungon azbar kardani nutqi khatti va alifboi dasti nisbat ba nutqi shifohi osontar ast, zero onho ovozhoro dar nutqi shifohi asosan bo quvvai bosira (az harakati labho) dark mekunand. Ba omuzishi nutqi shifohi mavjudiyati osori somea – bo nom jazirachahoi shunavoi musoidat menamoyand. Onho ba karu gungho imkoniyat medihand, ki ovozu zadahoro shunavand, baze ovozhoi sadonok va hatto hamsadohoro farq kunand. Dar in guna mavrid asbobhoi shunavoi, ki ovozhoi alohidaro intikhoban taqviyat medihand, kumaki kalon merasonand.
Dar jumhuri mo sistemai tomi talimu tarbiyai kudakoni karu gung bunyod yoftaast. Dar yasliyu bogchahoi makhsusi kudakon doir ba tashakkuli nutqi shifohi va khatti, takmili baqiyai qobiliyati some kori muntazam burda meshavad. Kudakon dar on jo tarbiyai jismoni, fikri va akhloqi megirand. Az 7-solagi ba maktabhoi makhsusi karu gungho dokhil meshavand; dar on jo talimi nutq idoma meyobad. Mashguliyatho ba tarzi fardi meguzarand, sinfkhonaho bo asbobhoi akustikii zamonavi jihozonida shudaand. Karu gungon barobari talimi nutq dar ustokhonahoi talimiyu istehsoli (kharroti, chelongari, duzandagi, duredgari va g.) kasb meomuzand. Onho badi khatmi maktab metavonand tahsilro dar maktabi oli davom dihand.
Karu gungho dar mamlakati mo shahrvandoni komilhuquq buda, dar hayoti siyosi, iqtisodi va jamiyati faolona ishtirok mekunand.

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