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KARDIOSPAZM

kardiospazmKARDIOSPAZM (yun. kardia – daromadgohi meda va spasmos – tashannuj, ikhtiloj), tashannuji daromadgohi meda, ki boisi bozdoshtani gizo va vase gashtani qismi boloi surkhruda meshavad. Ba K. odamoni az 20 to 40-sola giriftor meshavand. Sababi K. nuqsi inkishof va ikhtiloli asabgarii surkhruda ast.
Alomati khosi bolinii K. disfagiya – ikhtiloli furubarii luqma binobar az surkhruda bo dushvori guzashtani gizo meboshad. Hangomi tanovul nogahon hissi dar surkhruda darmondani khuroki sakht, bazan choy ba vujud meoyad. Badi chand muddat luqma ba meda faromada, ehsosi noguvor barham mekhurad. Minbad chunin holatho zud-zud ba vuqu mepayvandand. Binobar purra kholi nashudani surkhruda va dar on boqi mondani gizo bemor majbur meshavad, ki qay kunad. Dar mavridhoi az had guzashtani bemori muhtavoi surkhruda khud az khud berun va dar sanduqi sina dard paydo meshavad. Binobar aspiratsiyai boqimondahoi gizo mumkin ast pnevmoniya, dumbal va atelektazi shush rukh namoyad.
Bo maqsadi muolijai K. az parhez, doruhoi rafi tashannuj (atropin, papaverin), karakhtkunii girehhoi asab, amali jarrohi istifoda mekunand.

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