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KARDIOSKLEROZ

kardiosklerozKARDIOSKLEROZ (az kardio… va sklerosis – sakht shudan, sakhti), qisman ivaz shudani boftahoi miokard ba boftahoi payvandi. K. dar joyhoi mavtshudai nakhhoi miokard binobar miokardit, miokardiodistrofiya, saktai dil va g. inkishof meyobad. K. muntashir (diffuzi) va manbai meshavad. Hangomi K.-i muntashir unsurhoi boftai payvandi dar sathi miokard nisbatan barobar gustarish meyoband. Alomati K.-i mavzei dar sathi miokard ba vujud omadani qitahoi nisbatan khurd va kaloni boftahoi payvandi (khadshaho) meboshad. K.-i muntashir binobar yakmarom oseb yoftani mushaki dil, K.-i mavzei boshad chun oqibati saktai dil (K.-i badisaktavi), bazan chun anjomi iltihobi manbai paydo meshavad. K.-i muntashirro hangomi bemorii kamkhunii dil (ishemiya) bisyor vaqt K.-i aterosklerozi (vobasta ba paydoish) menomand; vay metavonad yakjoya bo K.-i manbaii badisaktavi rukh namoyad.
Zuhuroti K. ba joygiri va gustarishi on dar miokard vobasta ast. CHi qadare, ki foizi massai boftai payvandi az foizi massai miokardi solim ziyod boshad, ikhtiloli nizomi dil hamon qadar meafzoyad.
Hangomi tashkhisi K. bemorihoe, ki dar guzashta az sar guzaronda shudaand (miokardit, saktai dil va g.), inchunin damkutohi, varam, akrosianoz, ekstrasistoliya va g. ba nazar girifta meshavand. Baroi tashkhisi aniq az usulhoi elektrokardiografiya, ekhokardiografiya, tadqiqi radioizotopii miokard istifoda mebarand.
Muolijai bemoroni giriftori K. az behtar sokhtani faoliyati nakhhoi boqimonda (solim)-i miokard iborat ast: kam kardan yo zarur budani mashqhoi jismoni, varzishi shifoi, vitaminho, doruhoi riboksin, orotati kaliy va g. Baroi tabobati K. hamchunin az doruhoi peshobron istifoda mekunand. Bazan zarurati kardiostimulyatsiya ba miyon meoyad.
Farjomi K. ba darajai zuhurot va tarzi paydoishi on vobasta ast. Hangomi khalal nayoftani gardishi khun va kori dil oqibati K. odatan bad nest. Baroi hayot khususan padidahoi takhikardiyai paroksizmii medachai va inhisor (blokada)-i purrai dahlezu medachaho khavfnok meboshand.

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