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KARANTIN

karantinKARANTIN (Quarantine; ital. qarantena, az quaranta giorni – chil ruz), tadbirhoe, ki bahri peshgiri kardani gustarishi bemorihoi siroyati (toun, vabo, nagzak va g.) andeshida meshavand. K. avvalin marotiba dar Italiya (a. 14) ba vujud omadaast; kishtihoero, ki az mahalhoi vabozada meomadand, dar bandar chil ruz nigoh medoshtand.
Hangomi khatari pahn gashtani bemorihoi siroyatii nihoyat khavfnok shakhsoni alohida, oilaho, kollektivhoi gunogun (bogchai bachagon, khobgoh, qismi harbi, kishti, eshelon va g.), mahalhoi aholinishin va hatto nohiya ba K. girifta meshavand. Hangomi K. biduni observatsiya az mintaqae, ki karantin elon shudaast, baromadan man meboshad. Ba shakhsone, ki dar karantinand, varaqai bemori doda meshavad (onho dar asosi on muzdi mehnat megirand). Muhlati itmomi K. az davrai izolayatsiyai bemori okhiron to dezinfeksiyai nihoi hisob karda meshavad (badi in K. boz hangomi toun 6 va vabo 5 shaboruz idoma meyobad). Istilohi «karantin»-ro bazan dar bemorkhonaho, muassisahoi bachagona va g. hangomi khuruji gripp, makhmalak, surkhcha va dig. bemoriho istifoda mebarand. Vale dar in mavrid on ba manoi ilmiash muvofiq nest.

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