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KANDIDOZ

kandidozKANDIDOZ (Candidosis), kandidamikoz, bemorii zanburugii odam va hayvonot. Hangomi K. pust, luobpardaho, uzvhoi daruni illat meyoband. Zanburughoi ba nom Kandida, ki ba zanburughoi khamirmoya monand meboshand, dar tabiat vase pahn shudaand. Onho dar rastani, mevayu sabzavot, khususan dar mevahoi shirin zandagi mekunand. Pust va luobpardahoi dahon, ruda, rohi nafas va azoi tanosuli odamon va hayvonot joi zisti zanburughoi kandida meboshand. Zanburughoi Kandida dar pustu luobpardai tifli navzod hangomi az rohhoi zoish guzashtani u joy girifta, yak umr dar hamon jo memonand. Agar nerui muhofizi organizm dar asnoi bemorihoi vaznin (sil, bemorii khun, isholi khunin, tif va g.) sust shavad, zanburughoi Kandida qobiliyati bemoriovari paydo mekunand.
Be maslihatu nazorati dukhtur istemol kardani antibiotikho ba shiddat giriftani faoliyati ziyonovari zanburugho musoidat menamoyad. Mavridi nodurust istifoda kardani antibiotikho muvozanati biologii mikroorganizmhoe, ki dar pustu luobpardai odam joy giriftaand, khalal yofta, baroi afzoishi zanburughoi Kandida sharoiti musoid muhayyo megardad. Dar natija ashkhose, ki muddati daroz bemorand, ba K.-i luobpardai dahon yo «barfak» giriftor meshavand. Hangomi K. dar zabon, kom va milki dandon qabati tunuki safed – «barfak» paydo shuda, dar vaqti istemoli khurok dahon dard mekunad. Dardi dahoni kudakoni shirmak az qadimulayyom malum ast; ba on asosan tifloni chala yo az sababi yagon bemori zaifgashta giriftor meshavand.
Bazan pusti gushai dahoni odamoni solkhurda (beshtar dar zanhoe, ki dandoni suni dorand) kafida yara meshavad. YAra baroi afzoishi zanburughoi Kandida sharoiti khub muhayyo mesozad (oqibat lajomak ba vujud meoyad).
Bisyor vaqt K.-i nokhun ba mushohida merasad. Ba on asosan zanhoe, ki zud – zud dastashonro ba ob mezanand (zanhoe ki kosavu tabaq meshuyand, dar korkhonakhoi qannodi va g. kor mekunand) giriftor meshavand. K.-i nokhun az buridani on (zimni nokhunoroi) niz ba vujud meoyad. Zanburug ba zeri bolishtaki nokhun dokhil gashta, dar on jo meafzoyad, pusti atrofi nokhun surkh shuda, varam va dard mekunad.
K. dar mahbal niz inkishof meyobad; dar in hol dar luobpardai on qabati tunuki safed paydo shuda, ikhroji tarashshuh va khorish ba vujud meoyad (nig. Kolpit). K. dar chinhoi pusti qadkashak, zeri gadudhoi shir, bayni angushtoni dast, khususan dar kudakon va shakhsoni farbeh, niz metavonad paydo shavad. Agar sarivaqt tabobat nakunand, bemori ba dig. qismhoi pust, luobpardaho va uzvhoi dokhili pahn megardad. K. chandon siroyatnok nest, vale kudakoni navzod va shirmak bazan az kalonsolon ba tavassuti pistonak, parpech siroyat meyoband. Dar in hol K. dar dahon yo chinhoi qadkashak ba vujud meoyad.
Dar mavridi giriftor shudan ba K. sarivaqt ba dukhtur murojiat kardan lozim ast. K. – ro dar asosi malumoti laboratori tashkhis mekunand.
Bahri peshgirii K. rioyai qoidahoi behdosht, roh nadodan ba seraraqi, khudsarona istifoda naburdani antibiotikho ahamiyati kalon dorad.
K. bemorii tabobatshavanda ast. Mariz chi qadar barmahal ba dukhtur murojiat kunad, hamon qadar teztar shifo meyobad. K.-ro dar asosi tadqiqi laboratori muayyan mekunand. Baroi peshgirii K. rioyai qoidahoi behdosht va ehtiyot kardani pust zarur ast; antibiotikho va dig. doruhoro faqat bo tavsiyai dukhtur boyad istemol kard. Nig. niz Barfak, Bemorihoi zanburugii pust, Vulvit, Balanit.
Ad.: Zoirov P. T., Bemorihoi pust, D., 1999; Hamon muallif, Bolezni koji, D., 2002; Hamon muallif, CHastnaya dermatologiya i venerologiya, D., 2007.

P. T. Zoirov.

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