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KAMAQLII PIRSOLi

kamaklii-pirsoliKAMAQLII PIRSOLi (Dementia senilis), yak nav bemorii ruhi, ki asosan dar kuhansoli rukh namuda, sababi on atrofiyai magzi sar ast. Dar mavridi K. p. faoliyati ruhi tadrijan kohish yofta, to ba darajai beaqli va az dast dodani khislathoi shakhsi merasad.
Hangomi K. p. nojurii asosi ikhtiloli avjgiranda va bebozgashti khotira ast. Avval on hodisahoe, ki dar solhoi nazdik ba vuqu payvasta budand, sipas tadrijan hama guna voqeahoi dar tuli umr az sar guzaronda faromush meshavand. Bemori bisyor vaqt dar 65 – 75-solagi inkishof meyobad. K. p. muqarrari va bofta (khayoli) meshavad. Bemorii Altsgeymer niz mansubi K. p. ast.
Alomati avvalini K. p.-i muqarrari tagyir yoftan yo az dast dodani khislathoi shakhsii peshina meboshad. Baze bemoron khislathoi nav paydo mekunand (mas., sarfakori ba khasisi, maqsadnoki ba gardanshakhiyu zumi ivaz meshavad), hol on ki hamzamon bo in khislathoi digar faromush megardand. Doirai manfiathoi mariz tang meshavad, u beshtar ba khurdu khurok etibor doda, ba jismi khud gamkhori mekunad, khudbin, betafovut va nisbati digaron beparvo megardad. CHunin bemoron khele serjog va nozuktab meshavand, zud meranjand, nisbati nazdikonu hamsoyaho gumoni bad mekunand, onhoro duzd meshumorand.
Bo guzashti vaqt ikhtiloli hofiza khuruj yofta, bemor dar kujo budanashro namedonad, nomi zan, shavhar, kudakonro faromush mekunad, onhoro nameshinosad, mas., dukhtarashro modarash gumon menamoyad. Bisyor vaqt chunin marizon dar davrahoi javoni «sayr» mekunand, gumon dorand, ki padaru modarashon zindaand, dar maktab mekhonand, ba shavhar baromadaniand va g. Onho ruzona khobolud buda, shab banogoh az joy mekhezand, bugchaashonro gundoshta deha nazdi volidonashon raftan mekhohand. Bemori oqibat bo marazm va kakheksiya anjom mepazirad.
Bemorii Altsgeymer dar 40 – 45-solagi bo alomathoi amneziya, afaziya, apraksiya, agrafiya va aksalkuliya padid meoyad. Bemoron tundmijoz, asaboni va kinagar meshavand.
K. p. dar bemorkhonai kasalihoi ruhi muolija karda meshavad. Farjomi marizi jiddi ast.

N. M. SHarofova.

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