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KAYK

KAYK, hasharoti maydai khunmak, ki dar jismi shirkhuron, parrandaho va odam zindagi mekunad. K. khuni hayvonoti gunogun (gurba, kallamushho, sugur, sag va g.)-ro makida, bazan angezandai yak qator bemorihoi khavfnok (toun, hasba va g.)-ro dar bayni odamon pahn menamoyad. Obi dahoni K. tasiri ozurdasozi dorad. K. dar pashmi hayvonot va paru boli parrandagon tez harakat karda, jufti poi qafoyash baroi jahidan khizmat mekunad. Rangi K. zardcha yo jigari ast. K.-i narina az modinaash khurd meboshad.
Baze namudhoi K. faqat dar badani hayvonoti muayyan zindagoni mekunand, namudhoi digar boshand, dar jonvaroni gunogun paraziti karda, az yak hayvon ba hayvoni digar meguzarand. Ziyoda az 1000 namudi K. malum ast. K. – i odam (Purlex irritans), K. – i sag (Ctenocephalides canis), K. – i kallamush (Xenopsulla cheopis), K. – i yurmon (Ceratophyllus tesquorum), K. – i mush (Leptopsulla musculi) baroi odamu hayvonot khavfnok va pahnkunandai bemorihoi vaznin meboshand. K. dar manzili odamon, dar khok, poru, tarqishi farsh, tagandozi hayvonot va g. afzoish meyobad. YAk K. – i modina dar tuli hayot to 400 dona tukhm meguzorad. Az tukhm badi 4 – 12 shabonaruz kirminaho mebaroyand, ki rangashon safed buda, po nadorand. Kirminaho dar muddati 8 – 100 shaboruz ba zocha, sipas pilla va ba K. (dar davomi 6 – 220 shaboruz) tabdil meyoband. Baze namudhoi K. to 1000 ruz umr mebinand. K. metavonad muddati ziyod (ziyoda az yak sol) be gizo zindagi kunad.
Baroi muboriza bo K. qabl az hama ba afzoishi on mone shudan lozim ast. Baroi in doimo toza nigoh doshtani manzil ahamiyati kalon dorad. Baroi nobud kardani K.-i hayvonoti khonagi onhoro muntazam ba zooshampun yo piretrum (ba 1kg vazni hayvonot 1 – 2 g) meshuyand. K.-i khonaro ba khokai piretrum (ba 1m2 5 – 25 g), khlorofos, karbofos va dig. insektisidho mahv megardonand (nig. Dezinseksiya). Baroi gurezonidani K. ba kunjhoi khona yavshon meguzorand yo khonaro bo jorubi yavshon meruband. Baroi muhofizati shakhsi repellenthoro istifoda mebarand.

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