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KAFIDAGII MAQAD

kafidani-makadKAFIDAGII MAQAD, bemoriest, ki bo nuqsi luobpardai maqad padid omada, bo dard va khunshori jarayon megirad. Sababi K. m. bo dushvori qazoi hojat kardan, tavalludi vaznin va dig. omilho meboshand. Ba paydoishi K. m. iltihobi luobpardai rudai rost va maqad (proktit, kriptit, papillit) va bavosir musoidat menamoyand.
Hangomi K. m. dard bardavom (to 5 – 6 soat) buda, dar vaqti qazoi hojat va badi on khuruj meyobad. Jarayoni K. m. shadid va muzmin ast. Dar asnoi shadid budani marizi dard boshiddat buda, bemor majbur meshavad qazoi hojatro qat kunad. Dar natija najosat ba luobparda fishor ovarda, onro besh az pesh ozurda menamoyad. Agar dar vaqti shadid budani bemori dard hangomi qazoi hojat paydo shavad, pas dar asnoi muzmin gashtani on dard, odatan, badi qazoi hojat ba vujud meoyad.
Dar mavridi K. m. tadqiqi rektaliro boyad ehtiyotkorona guzarond. Qabl az tadqiq ba angusht marhami karakhtsozanda memoland. Rektoskopiya faqat badi ba joi kafida firistodani 4 – 5 ml mahluli 1%-ai novokain joiz ast.
Bemorii shadidro bo doru, parhezi qati, davohoi darunron, istemoli ravgan (vazelin, ravgani oftobparast, angat, mohi), mikroklizmaho, obzanhoi garm bo mahluli susti permanganati kaliy (badi qazoi hojat) muolija mekunand. Hangomi natijai dilkhoh nadodani in hama va jarayoni muzmin kasb kardani bemori az inhisori spirtu novokaini istifoda mekunand yo ba joi kafida mahluli ravgan (ravgani shaftolu), doruhoi rafi dardi tasirashon bardavom, hamchunin fenol, spirt ravon mesozand. Agar in hama besamar anjom yobad, pas ba jarrohi dast mezanand.
Farjomi bemori khub ast. Baroi peshgiri kardani K. m. ba qabziyati shikam roh dodan lozim nest. Hamchunin bemorihoi qulun va rudai rost boyad sarivaqt muolija karda shavand.

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