Home / Ilm / QABZIYAT

QABZIYAT

medaQABZIYAT (Constipatio alvi), sakht shudani meda, ziyoda az du shaboruz khorij nagashtani najosat yo bo dushvori qazoi hojat kardan. Q. holati khele mamul ast. Muvofiqi malumoti omori, dar mamlakathoi mutaraqqi az 5 to 10 foizi aholi ba Q. giriftorand.
Q. mumkin ast dar odami solim ham ruy dihad, mas., hangomi sayohati duru daroz, dar mavridi tabdili sharoiti odatshuda, tagyiri tarzi zindagi. Dar in surat Q. bisyor davom namekunad va odatan be tabobat ham meguzarad.
Dar baze mavridho Q. bemorii alohida buda, binobar ikhtiloli nizomi ruzmarrai qazoi hojat paydo meshavad. Sababi chunin Q. khuddori kardan az qazoi hojat ast (mas., dar ronandagoni naqliyot va korgarone, ki dar konveyer kor mekunand). Odam az tarsi dardi bavosir, choki maqad va g. az qazoi hojat khuddori mekunad, pagohi az bistar khestanash nameoyad yo sargarmi bozi shuda, ba mabraz nameravad. Zarurati dar vazi nomuvofiq va dar huzuri odamoni begona qazoi hojat kardan dar bemore, ki khesta nametavonad, boisi Q. megardad. Ba paydoishi Q. tagziyai nodurust ham musoidat mekunad. Agar khuroki yakrang, asosan safedador khurand va dar tarkibi khurok obu sabzavotu meva, noni javdor kam boshad, faoliyati rudai gafs sust shuda, dar natija Q. ba vujud meoyad. Kamharakati va sustii mushakhoi devorai peshi shikam niz boisi Q. megardad. Bo maqsadi rafi farbehi istemol namudani doruhoi mushil niz Q.-ro ba vujud meorad.
Aksar vaqt Q. alomati bemorihoi gunogun ast. CHunonchi, hangomi darozii modarzodii rudai gafs, koliti muzmin, chaspidani uzvho dar javfi shikam va g. ruda tang gashta, harakati najosatro sust mekunad. Bemorii meda, rohhoi talkha, gurda, uzvhoi tanosuli zanon mumkin ast boisi ikhtiloli kori rudai gafs va Q. gardad. Baze nosomonihoi endokrini (sust gashtani kori gadudhoi siparshakl, boloi gurda, gadudhoi jinsi) va ruhi, az jumla nevrozho, bo Q-.i sakht jarayon megirand.
Nafaqat sababhoi Q., balki khususiyati ikhtiloli faoliyati rudai gafs ham gunogunand. Dar yak holat Q. ba sust shudani harakati muhtavoi rudai gafs (az sababi tashannuj yo baraks, sust shudani tonusi qabati mushaki on) vobasta ast; dar mavridi digar on dar natijai ikhtiloli qazoi hojat ruy medihad. Q. mumkin ast bo yak qator zuhuroti umumi – beholi, dardi sar, tundmizoji, bekhobi, kamishtihoi, dilzani, seraraqi, dardi noayoni shikam jarayon girad.
Muvofiqi baze malumot Q. jarayoni pirshavii organizmro metezonad.
Q. metavonad orizai noguvor guzorad. Dar aksar bemoron ba istiloh disbakterioz inkishof meyobad: tarkibi mikroorganizmhoi maskuni ruda tagyir yofta, mikrobhoi ufuni paydo meshavand. In boisi gazaki luobpardai rudai gafs (koliti muzmin) megardad. Hangomi disbakterioz inchunin sintez va hazmi vitaminhoi guruhi V vayron meshavad (norasoii onho Q.-ro dushvor megardonad). Dar asnoi qazoi hojat zud-zud va sakht zur zadan, boisi paydoishi churra, bavosir, daridani maqad gashta, aksar vaqt bo jarrohi anjom mepazirad.
Tabobati khudsaronai Q. noravost, chunki on befoida buda, bazan hatto zarar dorad. Faqat dukhtur sabab va tarzi inkishofi bemoriro ba nazar girifta, tabobat tain mekunad. Dar baze mavridho nizomi durusti gizo, ki dukhtur tain kardaast, Q.-ro purra bartaraf mesozad. Agar parhez foida nabakhshad, muvofiqi tainoti dukhtur, makhsusan hangomi sust shudani tonusi rudai gafs, digar doruho, az jumla doruhoi tahrikdihandai harakati mavjmonandi rudaro istemol mekunand. Doruhoe niz tain mekunand, ki obro dar kovokii ruda nigoh medorand va ba tufayli in najosati raqiq az ruda ba osoni meguzarad. Boyad ba nazar girift, ki baze doruhoi mushil luobpardai rudai rostro ba angezish ovarda, harakati mavjmonandi rudaro metezonad. Binobar in istemoli bardavomi onho boisi tagyiroti iltihobi dar ruda megardad. In doruhoro faqat dar muddati kutoh va zeri nazorati dukhtur istemol kardan mumkin ast. Agar ravo boshad, az shamchahoi gunoguni davoi va huqna istifoda mebarand. Baroi rafi disbakterioz doruhoero istifoda mekunand, ki onho florai mutadili rudaro barqaror sozand. Davomoti tabobat va meyori doruro dukhtur muayyan mekunad. Az fizioterapiya, mash va varzishi shifoi ham istifoda mebarand. Bo qazoi hojati harruza odat kardan yake az muhimtarin tarzi tabobati Q. ast. Bo in maqsad har ruz dar vaqti muayyan ba hojatkhona raftan (harchand chunin khohish paydo nashuda boshad ham) zarur ast. Dar hojatkhona mashqhoi makhsusi nafaskashi meguzaronand, ki fishori dokhili shikamro pastu baland namuda, harakati rudaro metezonad: nafasgiri bo shikam – harchi beshtar nigoh doshtani nafas; purra nafas barovardan – harchi beshtar nigoh doshtani nafas. Mashqro se marotiba takror mekunand. Dafai chorum chuqur nafas girifta, chunon zur mezanand, ki dar maqad fishor his shavad. Badi chandin nafasgirii orom mashqhoi nafasgiriro az nav takror kardan lozim (hamagi 10 – 12 marotiba). Agar Q. dar natijai nuqsi inkishof yo omos paydo shavad, zarurati jarrohi pesh meoyad.
Agar tabobati Q., khususan bo istemoli doruhoi mushil muvofiqi tainot va zeri nazorati dukhtur guzaronida shavad, pas tadbirhoi peshgirii Q. ba har kas dastrasand. Pesh az hama kudakro az khurdsoli ba qazoi hojat odat kunondan zarur ast. uro dar yak vaqti muayyan ba tubak shinonda, kushish kuned, ki ba bozichaho yo guftuguzor diqqat nadihad. Mehnati odamon boyad chunon tashkil karda shavad, ki baroi sari vaqt qazoi hojat kardan, moneae naboshad. Ba khotiri qat nakardani mashguliyati muhim yo shavqovar az qazoi hojat khuddori namudan joiz nest. Dar hojatkhona khondan yo tamoku kashidan tavsiya nameshavad. Tagziyai murattab dar peshgirii Q. ahamiyati kalon dorad.
Hurokro dar vaqti muayyan istemol namudan, dar nahor taqriban seyaki voyai taomi ruzonaro khurdan khele muhim ast. Ba voyai gizo boyad doimo sabzavot (sabzi, lablabu, karami namakin yo benamak, pomidor, bodiring, boimjon, tarrak, kadu, karafs, gulkaram), mevahoi gunogun jurgot, ravgani rastani, asal ilova karda shavad. Boyad dar khotir dosht, ki istemoli baze mahsulot – tvorog, birinj, khurmo, anor, zabudaho, araq boisi Q. megardand. Bo maqsadi peshgirii Q. faoliyati jismoni muhim ast. Varzishi harruzai pagohi, mashqho baroi manganai shikam, sayrugasht (bo velosiped yo piyoda), varzish va g. ba kori mutadili ruda musoidat mekunand.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

vulqon

VULQON CHIST?

VULQONHO Harorati on to + 1500°S merasad, dar sathi zamin 900-1200°S tashkil mequnad va ohista …