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YOGHO

yoghoYOGHO (sanskr. uoda – aloqa, muroqiba), payravoni yake az jarayonhoi falsafai Hindi Qadim, ki «poksozii ruhu tan», inchunin az durug va dig. kambudiyu nuqsonho dast kashidanro talqin menamoyand. Talimoti Y. inkishofi qobiliyati khudtalqinkuni, dar holathoi statiki (vazi yakkhela) – asanaho budan, nazorati komili nafasgiri, furu nishondani ehsosot, khudmuroqiba, parhezi nimgurusnagiro dar nazar dorad. Maqsadi amalii Y. noil shudan ba vaze ast, ki dar on inson guyo az tasiri omilhoi manfi khalos meshavad. Baroi Y. rohi dushvoru durudarozi mashqhoro tavsiya mekunand. Dar in roh ba kamolot shakhse noil meshavad, ki ba on az javoni qadam guzoshta, dar tamomi hayoti khud hamai nishondodhoro qati ba jo meovarad.
Dar Hinduston mashguliyatho va mashqhoi shifobakhshi jismonii Y. bo rohbarii murabbiho meguzarand. Tajribai dar tuli asrho andukhta va ananaho imkon medihand, ki vazninii mashqho muvofiqi ahvoli salomatii shogird az rui mansubiyati tabaqavi (kasbi), tarzi zindagi va khurok tanzim karda shavad. Fasli sol va vaqti shaboruz, iqlimi mahalro niz ba hisob megirand.
Az nuqtai nazari tibbi imruza in tainot az jihati fiziologi purra asosnok va tamoman bezarar nestand. Hususan mashguliyati khudsaronai Y. khavfnok ast. Bisyor asanaho boyad ba uzvhoi endokrini, silsilai dilu rag va sistemai asabhoi markazi, inchunin ba faoliyati medayu rudaho, gurda, uzvhoi khunofar va g. tasiri jiddi rasonand. Benazorat ijro kardani mashqhoi Y. boisi nomurattab shudani faoliyati fiziologii organizm megardad. Az rui dasturu kitobho mashguli mashqi Y. shudan niz nihoyat khavfnok ast. In mashqho ba ashkhosi giriftori kasalii dilu rag, galayoni khun, ateroskleroz, bemorihoi sutunmuhra va g., inchunin dar pironsoli, ki raghoi khunguzar shakhshul shuda, zeri tasiri fishori baso purquvvat ba osoni oseb meyoband, zarari islohnopazir rasonida metavonand. YAke az mashqhoi mashhuri Y. – sarozer istodan – boisi az ham judo gardidani shabakiyai chashm, shikastani muhrahoi gardan, khunshorii magzi sar shudanash mumkin. «Holati mori kubro», ki kas ba shikam khobida, dastoni khudro zeri sanduqi dil rost doshta, qismi boloii tanro to imkonpazir qat shudani sutunmuhra bolo mebardoradu sarro ba qafo kashida ijro mekunad, khavfnok ast. Zero hangomi zur zadan va dar natijai nafasgirii vaznin imkon dorad ragi khob basta va odam behush gardad. Dar mashqi «holati malakhmonand», ki kas ruypoin khobida, hattalimkon poyhoro bolo mebardoradu nafasro to 10 soniya nigah medorad, ba batnu sanduqi dil zur meoyad va fishori sharayon baland meshavad. Tarbiyai jismonie, ki ba khulosahoi ilmi hozirazamon asos yoftaast, hamai sifathoi baroi inkishofi mavzuni inson zarurro dorost.
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