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Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 Dar borai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 2004, №5, mod.343; s. 2011, №3, st. 164;)

Majlisi namoyandagon 31-umi marti soli 2004 qabul kardaast

Majlisi milli 29-umi apreli soli 2004 jonibdori namudaast

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi umumii huquqi, iqtisodi va tashkilii faoliyati ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon, huququ uhdadorihoi onhoro dar sistemai tanzimi shartnomavii munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnati muqarrar menamoyad.

itihodiyai-korfarmoyon

BOBI 1.

Muqarraroti umumi

Moddai 1. Predmeti tanzimi Qonuni mazkur

Predmeti tanzimi Qonuni mazkur munosibathoi jamiyatie meboshand, ki hangomi tatbiqi huquqi korfarmoyon baroi tasisi ittihodiyaho ba maqsadi muarrifi va himoyai manfiatu huquqhoi khud dar rafti tanzimi shartnomavii munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnati paydo meshavand.

Moddai 2. Mafhumi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon shakli tashkiloti jayritijorati meboshad, ki ba uzviyati korfarmoyon asos yoftaast.  

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.  

Moddai 4. Huquqi korfarmoyon ba ittihod

Korfarmoyon huquq dorand biduni rizoiyati peshakii maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli dar asosi ikhtiyori ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyonro bo maqsadi muarrifii manfiatho va himoyai huquqhoi khud dar munosibati baynihamdigari bo ittifoqhoi kasaba va ittihodiyahoi onho, maqomoti digari namoyandagii kormandon, maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli tasis dihand.

Davlat bo maqsadi rushdi sharikii ijtimoi, tamini ishtiroki korfarmoyon bo tartibi muqarrarshuda dar tashakkulu tatbiqi siyosati muvofiqashuda va tamini huquqi korfarmoyon ba ittihod dar bakhshi munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnati va munosibathoi iqtisodii ba onho marbut musoidat menamoyad.  

Moddai 5. Prinsiphoi faoliyati ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Faoliyati ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon dar asosi prinsipi azogivu khorijshavii ikhtiyorii korfarmoyon va (yo) ittihodiyahoi onho surat megirad.

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon maqsad, namud va samthoi faoliyatashonro mustaqilona muayyan menamoyand.

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon, ittifoqhoi kasaba va ittihodiyahoi onho, maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli dar bakhshi munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnati va munosibathoi iqtisodii ba onho marbut dar asosi prinsiphoi sharikii ijtimoi hamkori mekunand.  

Moddai 6. Mustaqiliyati ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon faoliyati khudro novobasta ba maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli, ittifoqhoi kasaba va ittihodiyahoi onho, hizbu harakathoi siyosi va digar tashkilothoi jamiyati ba amal mebarorand.

Dakholati maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli va shakhsoni mansabdori onho ba faoliyati ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon, ki huquqhoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyonro mahdud mesozad yo baroi amali qonunii faoliyati oinnomavii onho mamoniat mekunad, man ast.

Tartibi hamkorii ittihodiyahoi korfarmoon az jonibi khudi onho muvofiqi oinnoma va qarorhoi maqomoti idorakunii ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 7. Vazifahoi asosii ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Vazifahoi asosii ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon inhoyand:

– ishtirok dar guzaronidani muzokirot, tahiya kardan va bastani sozishnomahoi dujoniba, sejoniba doir ba masalahoi munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnati;

– ishtirok dar maqomoti doimoamalkunandai nizomi sharikii ijtimoi tavassuti namoyandagoni vakolatdori khud, az jumla dar kori komissiyahoi jumhuriyavi, viloyati, shahri, nohiyavii dujonibavu sejoniba bo maqsadi tanzimi munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnati;

– tamini tashkili ijroi uhdadorihoe, ki korfarmoyon-azoi ittihodiyaho az rui sozishnomaho qabul kardaand;

– ishtirok dar halli bahshoi kollektivii mehnati;

– ishtirok dar tahiya va ekspertizai loihai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, inchunin naqshavu barnomaho doir ba masalahoe, ki ahamiyati kaloni ijtimoiyu iqtisodi dorand;

– tamini ittilooti va metodii azoi ittihodiyaho;

– tamini faoliyati hamohangshudai azoi ittihodiyaho bo maqsadi halli samaranoki masalahoi iqtisodi, istehsoli va ijtimoi.

 

Moddai 8. Namudhoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon metavonand az rui nishonahoi hududi, sohavi, baynisohavi, hududivu sohavi tasis doda shavand.

Ittihodiyai jumhuriyavii korfarmoyon – ittihodiyae, ki dar asosi ikhtiyori az tarafi ittihodiyahoi sohavii jumhuriyavi (baynisohavi) va hududii korfarmoyon tasis doda shudaast va dar hududi besh az nisfi qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyat dorad.

Ittihodiyai sohavii (baynisohavii) jumhuriyavii korfarmoyon-ittihodiyae, ki dar asosi ikhtiyori az tarafi korfarmoyoni soha (sohaho) yo namudi (namudhoi) faoliyat tasis doda shudaast, dar majmu dar hududi besh az nisfi qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyat dorad va (yo) bo onho na kam az nisfi kormandoni soha (sohaho) yo namudi (namudhoi) faoliyat munosibati mehnati dorand.

Ittihodiyai viloyatii (az on jumla Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon) korfarmoyon-ittihodiyae, ki dar asosi ikhtiyori az tarafi korfarmoyon va (yo) ittihodiyai sohavii viloyati va shahru nohiyavii korfarmoyon tasis doda shudaast va dar hududi yak viloyati Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyat mekunad.

Ittihodiyai sohavii viloyatii (az on jumla Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon) korfarmoyon-ittihodiyae, ki dar asosi ikhtiyori az tarafi korfarmoyoni soha (namudi faoliyat) tasis doda shudaast va dar hududi yak viloyati Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyat dorad.

Ittihodiyai shahrii (nohiyavii) korfarmoyon-ittihodiyae, ki dar asosi ikhtiyori az tarafi korfarmoyon va (yo) ittihodiyahoi sohavii shahri (nohiyavi) tasis shudaast va dar hududi yak shahr yo nohiya faoliyat dorad.

Ittihodiyai sohavii shahrii (nohiyavii) korfarmoyon-ittihodiyae, ki dar asosi ikhtiyori az tarafi korfarmoyoni soha (namudi faoliyat) tasisi doda shudaast va dar hududi yak shahr yo nohiya faoliyat dorad.

BOBI 2.

TashkildiHI, aznavtashkildiHI va barHamdiHii ittiHodiyaHoi korfarmoyon

 

Moddai 9. Tashkili ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon dar asosi qarori muassison tashkil karda meshavand.

Muassisoni ittihodiyai korfarmoyon na kam az du korfarmo yo du ittihodiyai korfarmoyon shuda metavonand.

Qobiliyati huquqii ittihodiyai korfarmoyon ba sifati shakhsi huquqi az lahzai qaydi davlatii on bo tartibe, ki Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ittihodiyahoi jamiyati» peshbini namudaast, paydo meshavad.(QJT az 25.03.11s №696)

 

Moddai 10. Hujjati tasisotii ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Hujjati tasisotii ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon oinnoma ast.

Oinnomai ittihodiyai korfarmoyon boyad masalahoi zerinro muayyan namoyad:

-nomi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon;

-maqsadu vazifahoi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon;

-mahalli joygirshavii ittihodiyai korfarmoyon;

-tarzi idorakunii ittihodiyai korfarmoyon;

-huququ uhdadorihoi azoi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon;

-shartu tartibi uzviyat ba ittihodiyai korfarmoyon va khorij shudan az on;

-manbahoi tashakkuli molu mulki ittihodiyai korfarmoyon;

-tartibi vorid sokhtani tajyirot ba oinnomai ittihodiyai korfarmoyon;

-sokhtor, tartibi tasis va vakolathoi maqomoti idorakunii ittihodiyai korfarmoyon, inchunin tartibi az jonibi onho qabul namudani qarorho;

-tartibi ba namoyanda va (yo) namoyandahoi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon dodani vakolat baroi burdani muzokiroti kollektivi doir ba tahiya, bastan va tajyir dodani sozishnomaho, inchunin baroi shirkat dar ravandi sozish hangomi sar zadani bahshoi mehnatii kollektivi;

-muqarraroti digare, ki ba Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston va qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ikhtilof nadorand.

Dar oinnomai ittihodiyai korfarmoyon javobgarii uzvi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon baroi rioya nakardani muqarraroti oinnoma, qarorhoi maqomi olii idorakunii on metavonad peshbini shavad.

Tajyirot ba oinnomai ittihodiyai korfarmoyon dar asosi qarori maqomoti olii idorakunii on vorid karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 11. Aznavtashkildihi va barhamdihii ittihodiyai korfarmoyon

Aznavtashkildihi va barhamdihii ittihodiyai korfarmoyon dar asosi qarori dakhldori maqomi olii idorakunii ittihodiyai korfarmoyon, inchunin bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston surat megirad.

 

BOBI 3.

Vazi Huquqii ittiHodiyaHoi korfarmoyon va azoi onHo

 

Moddai 12. Huquqhoi azoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Azoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon huquqi barobar dorand.

Azoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon huquq dorand:

– dar tasisi maqomoti idorakunii ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon bo tartibe, ki oinnomai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon muayyan namudaast, ishtirok kunand;

– baroi barrasii maqomoti idorakunii ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon oid ba masalahoi faoliyati ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon taklif peshnihod kunand, dar muhokima, az jumla dar qabuli qarori dakhldor bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai oinnomai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon shirkat varzand;

– dar muayyan namudani mazmunu mundarijai sozishnomahoi az jonibi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon bastashavanda, ki munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnati va munosibathoi ba onho marbuti iqtisodiro ba tanzim medarorand, shirkat namoyand;

– oid ba faoliyati ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon, sozishnomahoi az jonibi onho bastashuda, inchunin dar borai matni in sozishnomaho malumot girand;

– dar masalahoi tatbiqi qonunguzorie, ki munosibathoi mehnati va munosibathoi digari ba on bevosita aloqamandro ba tanzim medarorad, tahiyai sanadi meyorii dokhili (lokali), ki muqararroti huquqi mehnatiro dar bar megirad, bastani shartnomavu sozishnomahoi kollektivi, inchunin halli bahshoi mehnatii infirodivu kollektivi az ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon kumak girand;

– uzviyati ittihodihoi korfarmoyonro ozodona tark kunand;

– ba huquqhoi digare, ki oinnomai ittihodiyai korfarmoyon peshbini namudaast.

 

Moddai 13. Uhdadorihoi azoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Azoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon uhdadorand:

– talaboti oinnomai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyonro ijro namoyand;

– sharthoi sozishnomahoero, ki ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon bastaand, rioya kunand va uhdadorihoi peshbininamudai in sozishnomahoro ijro namoyand.

 

Moddai 14. Huquqhoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon huquq dorand:

– dar tahiyai taklifho ba loihai barnomaho, inchunin dar tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi doir ba masalahoe, ki ahamiyati kaloni ijtimoiyu iqtisodi dorand, shirkat varzand;

– namoyandagoni khudro baroi ishtirok dar jalasai maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai dasturi maqomoti dakhldor ravon kunand;

– bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzori az maqomoti dakhldor dar doirai vakolathoyashon oidi masalahoi mehnati, ijtimoiyu iqtisodi malumot girand;

– manfiati azoyashro dar maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli, tashkilothoi jamiyati muarrifi va muhofizat namoyand;

– namoyandagoni vakolatdori khudro dar sathi dakhldor ba komissiyahoi viloyati, shahri, nohiyavii dujonibavu sejoniba ravon kunand;

– az nomi azoi khud hangomi muzokiroti kollektivi va bastani sozishnomaho bo maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli, ittifoqhoi kasaba va ittihodiyahoi onho doir ba masalahoi ijtimoiyu iqtisodi va munosibathoi mehnati baromad namoyand;

– dar halli bahshoi mehnatii kollektivi muvofiqi tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzori shirkat varzand;

– baroi az jonibi korfarmoyon -azoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon ijro gardidani uhdadorihoi muqarrarnamudai sozishnomaho musoidat namoyand;

– ba korfarmoyon doir ba masalahoi burdani muzokirot, bastani shartnomavu sozishnomahoi kollektivi, halli bahshoi mehnatii kollektivi kumaki mashvaratiyu metodi rasonand;

– baroi tamini faoliyati oinnomavii khud az vositahoi akhbori omma istifoda kunand va muassisi onho boshand, faoliyati tabu nashrro ba roh monand;

– ba assotsiatsiyahoi (ittifoqhoi) ittihodiyai korfarmoyon bo nigoh doshtani mustaqiliyat va huquqhoi shakhsi huquqi muttahid shavand;

– qitahoi zaminro istifoda barand.

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon inchunin metavonand huquqhoi digari bo oinnomai ittihodiyai korfarmoyon peshbininamudaro doshta boshand.

 

Moddai 15. Uhdadorihoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon uhdadorand:

– sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikistonro rioya namoyand;

– bo tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzori muzokiroti kollektivi barand, jihati sharthoi muvofiqashuda bo ittifoqhoi kasaba va ittihodiyahoi onho sozishnoma bandand;

– ba azoi khud dar khususi sozishnomahoi bastai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon va dar borai in sozishnomaho malumot dihand;

– ba ittifoqhoi kasaba va ittihodiyahoi onho, maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli malumotro dar khususi masalahoi ijtimoiyu mehnati, ki ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon dar ikhtiyor dorand va baroi burdani muzokiroti kollektivi bo maqsadi tahiya va bastani sozishnomaho, inchunin nazorati ijroi onho zarurand, peshnihod namoyand;

– nazorati ijroi sozishnomahoi az jonibi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon bastashudaro ba amal barorand;

– bahri ijroi uhdadorihoe, ki azoi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon dar sozishnomaho peshbini namudaand, inchunin shartnomahoi kollektivii az jonibi korfarmoyon-azoi ittihodiyai korfarmoyon bastashuda musoidat namoyand;

– dar nazdi azoi khud az khususi faoliyati ittihodiyai korfarmoyon bo tartib va dar muhlathoe, ki oinnomai ittihodiyai korfarmoyon peshbini namudaast, hisobot dihand;

– dar masalahoi tatbiqi qonunguzori, ki munosibathoi mehnati va munosibathoi digari ba on aloqamandro ba tanzim medarorad, tahiyai sanadi meyorii amalash mahdud, ki muqarraroti huquqi mehnatiro dar bar megirad, bastani shartnomavu sozishnomahoi kollektivi, inchunin dar halli bahshoi mehnatii infirodivu kollektivi ba azoi khud kumak rasonand;

– uhdadorihoi digari bo oinnomai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon peshbinishudaro ijro namoyand.

 

Moddai 16. Molikiyati ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon metavonand huquqi molikiyat yo digar huquqro ba bino, sokhtmon, inshoot, fondi manzil, tajhizot, asbobu olot, mablaj bo arzi millivu khoriji, kojazhoi qimatnok va ba molu mulki digar doshta boshand.

Azoi ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon hangomi khorij shudan az ittihodiyahoi  korfarmoyon huquqhoyashonro ba molu mulke, ki ba molikiyati ittihodiyai korfarmoyon dodaand, az jumla ba haqqi uzviyatu haqqi digar az dast medihand, agar dar oinnomai ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon muqarraroti digare peshbini nashuda boshad.

Ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon masuliyati bo molu mulki khud ado kardani uhdadorihoi azoyashonro nadorand.

BOBI 4.

Muqarraroti khotimavi

 

Moddai 17. Masuliyati ittihodiyai korfarmoyon

Ittihodiyai korfarmoyon baroi rioya yo ijro nakardani sozishnomahoi bastashuda dar qismati uhdadorihoi hamin ittihodiya, ki dar sozishnomaho bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston zikr shudaand, masul meboshad.

Ittihodiyai korfarmoyon az rui uhdadorihoi azoyash, az jumla az rui uhdadorihoi onho, ki dar sozishnomahoi az jonibi hamin ittihodiyai korfarmoyon bastashuda peshbini gardidaand, masul shuda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 18. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston                E. Rahmonov

 

         sh. Dushanbe  17 mayi soli 2004

          № 32

 

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