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Istismori khalqi Indoneziya

Boloravii hajmi andozhoi puli, vayron shudani khojagihoi naturali, mavjudiyati baze shaklhoi mehnati majburi bori garone budand, ba dushi aholii Indoneziya. Zaminhoi behtarinro sarmoyadoroni khoriji ba muhlathoi duru daroz hamchun ijora kashida megiriftand. Kishovarzon az sababi baroi pardokhti andoz pul nadoshtan, majbur meshudand, ki qarz girand va baroi adoi on hosili ziroati jamnaovarda va hatto hanuz kishtnashudaro yakchand sol peshaki furushand. Huquqi kharidu furushi zamin, ki on tibqi qonuni soli 1870 jori karda shuda bud, ba kishovarzon va ziyodshavii zamini pomeshikon va zamindorii kulakon ovarda rasonid.

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Dehqononi Indoneziya ba istismori hollandiho va mustamlikadoroni digar bo shurishho javob megardonidand. Ogozi soli 1888 chunin shurish dar mahalli Serangi muzofoti YAvai Garbi ba amal omad. Dehqononi in jo majbur shudand, ki asliha ba dast girand. Onho hatto shahri CHilegonro ba dast darovardand. In shurishro hukumatdoroni mustamlikavi berahmona pakhsh kardand. Badi shurishi mazkur dar solhoi 90-um bo sardorii Samin nom vatandust dehqononi YAvai Markazi shurish bardoshtand. Rohbari in shurish mardumro davat kard, ki ba hollandiho boykot elon karda shavad, mardum ba onho andoz ham nasuporad. Oqibat hollandiho in shurishro pakhsh kardand. Samin soli 1914 dar badarga vafot mekunad.

Soli 1889 K. Fan Defenter nom ozodandesh dar ruyaznomae maqolai “Qarzi shanu sharaf”-ro chop kard. Dar on gufta meshud, ki burjuaziyai Hollandiya az istismori Indoneziya daromadn farovon ba dast medarorad. Binoan u boyad nisbati khalqi on “Qarzi shanu sharf”-i khudro ado namoyad. YAne dar borai nekuahvolii khalqi in mustamlika gamkhori kunad. Badi in dar doirahoi hukmroni Hollandiya nisbat ba Indoneziya bo nomi “siyosati akhloqi” andeshae ba miyon omad. Soli 1902 malikai Niderlandiya “Komissiya oid ba tadqiqi sababhoi pastshavki nekuahvolii khalqi YAva va Madura”-ro sozmon dod. Vale chorabinihoi in komissiya ahvoli khalqi Indoneziyaro behtar nakarda, baraks, onho daromadi shirkathoi Hollandiyaro ziyod kardand. Masalan, az soli 1900 to soli 1914 istehsoli qand az 700 hazor tonna to 1 mln 400 hazor tonna, choy 2 barobar, tamoku 1,5 barobar va naft az 360 hazor tonna to 1 mln 540 hazor tonna ziyod shud. “Siyosati akhloqi”-i Hollandiya istismori khalqi Indoneziyaro boz ham ziyodtar kard.

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