Home / Jamiyat / Istifodai energiyai atomi

Istifodai energiyai atomi

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai  istifodai energiyai atomi 

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  soli 2004, №12, q-1, mod. 696)

Majlisi namoyandagon 10-umi noyabri soli 2004 qabul kardaast

Majlisi milli 25-umi noyabri soli 2004 jonibdori namudaast

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi va prinsiphoi tanzimi munosibathoi jamiyatiro, ki hangomi istifodai energiyai atomi ba miyon meoyand, muayyan namuda, ba himoyai salomati va hayoti odamon, hifzi muhiti zist, tamini rejai pahn nakardani aslihai yadroi, bekhatarii yadroi va radiatsioni, hifzi molikiyat hangomi istifodai energiyai atomi ravona shuda, ba inkishofi ilmu tekhnikai atomi va poydor gashtani nizomi baynalmilalii istifodai bekhatarii energiyai atomi musoidat menamoyad.

atom

Bobi 1. Muqarraroti umumi

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar  Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

tanzimi davlati – faoliyati maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar tahiya, tasdiq va tatbiqi meyor va qoidahoi bekhatarii yadroivu radiatsioni, ba amal barovardani nazorat va dodani ijozatnoma (litsenziya) ba namudhoi faoliyate, ki bo istifodai energiyai atomi aloqamandand;

nazorat amale, ki maqomi vakolatdori davlati va tashkilothoi istifodabaranda ba tavri doimi baroi taftishi ijroi talaboti meyor, qoidaho va dasturulamalho anjom medihand;

sanjish – amale, ki maqomi vakolatdori davlati baroi taftishi ijroi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, sharthoi ijozatnoma (litsenziya) va shartnomahoi baynalmilali dar doirai salohiyati khud ba maqsadi tanzimi ravandi istifodai energiyai atomi anjom medihad;

mahali joygirshavi inshoot va sokhtmonhoi doimii makhsus, ki baroi nigohdorii mavodi radioaktivi yo guronidani partovhoi radioaktivi peshbini shudaand;

energiyai atomi – energiyae, ki dar jarayoni tabdilshavii yadrohoi atom khorij megardad. Manbai energiyai atomi energiyai dokhilii yadroi atom meboshad, ki bo tasiri mutaqobila va harakati protonho va neytronho dar dokhili yadro aloqamand ast;

istifodabarii energiyai atomi – energiyai atomi, ki hangomi amali kardani reaksiyahoi zanjirii yadroi va termoyadroii idorashavandai namudi tarkish (bombai yadroi va termoyadroi), inchunin reaksiyahoi idorashavandai tanzimkunii darajai judoshavii energiyai (reaktorhoi atomi) ba vujud meoyad. Dar in jo dar zeri istifodabarii energiyai atomi, hamchunin istifodai energiyai kohishi radioaktivii manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda va moddahoi radioaktivi fahmida meshavad;

partovhoi radioaktivi – mavod va moddahoi dar har holati dilkhohi agregati, ki miqdor va darajai gilzati (konsentratsii) mavodi radioaktivii ba andozai muqarrargardidai sanadhoi meyorii muqarrarkarda ahamiyati baland doshta, ki dar  natijai faoliyati khojagi ba vujud omadaand va minbad qobili istifoda nestand;

ashyoi makhsusi  gayriyadroi – ashyoe, ki bo sanadhoi zerqonuni vobasta ba talaboti nizomi huquqii baynalmilalii tanzimi sodiroti yadroi hamin tavr muayyan shudaand;

mol va khizmatrasoni dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi – dastgohho, tajhizot, tekhnologiyai yadroi, mavodi radioaktivi, masolehi makhsusi gariyadroie, ki baroi istehsoli masolehi yadroi istifoda meshavand, manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda, inchunin khizmati marbut ba onho;

sathi bozpas giriftan – majmui andozahoe, ki dar vohidhoi faoliyat ifoda yofta, manbahoi afkanishoti radioaktivi va iondor dar on vohid yo kamtar az on metavonand muvofiqi meyorhoi amalkunanda az nazorat khorij karda shavand;

hifzi fizikii mavodi yadroi va tajhizoti yadroi – sistemai yagonai tadbirhoi tashkili va tekhnikie, ki ba peshgirii dastrasii beijozati ashkhos ba mavodu tajhizoti yadroi ravona shudaand;

nigohdori – joygirkunii muvaqqatii mavodi radioaktivi va partovhoi radioaktivi, ki dar joyhoi makhsusi omodagardida (az jumla dar konteynerhoi makhsus), ki imkoniyati barovardani onho baroi istifoda, korkard yo guronidan  peshbini shudaast;

tashkiloti istifodabaranda-tashkilote, ki baroi istifodai energiyai atomi ijozatnomai (litsenziyai) maqomi vakolatdori davlatiro dorad;

bekhatarii yadroi – khosiyati obekti yadroi, ki bo ehtimoliyati muayyan imkonnopazir budani sadamai yadroiro tamin menamoyad;

dastgohhoi yadroi– reaktorhoi yadroi, az jumla reaktorhoi istgohhoi atomi, asbobhoi kayhoni va parvozkunanda, vositahoi naqliyot, reaktorhoi sanoati va tadqiqotii tajribavi, stendhoi yadroi, har guna inshoot, majmuaho, dastgohho, tajhizot va vositahoi tekhniki baroi istehsol, istifoda, korkard, hamlu naql va joygirkunii mavodi yadroi.

             Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.

          Moddai 3. Prinsiphoi asosi va vazifahoi tanzimi huquqi dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

  1. Prinsiphoi asosii tanzimi huquqi dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi az inho iboratand:

– tamini bekhatarii yadroi va radiatsioni hangomi istifodai energiyai atomi, muhofizati aholi va muhiti zist az khatari radiatsioni;

– dastras, obektivi va sari vaqti budani ittilooti marbut ba istifodai energiyai atomi va tasiri on ba aholi va muhiti zist ba sharte, ki in ittiloot malumoti sirri davlati nadoshta boshand;

– ishtiroki shahrvandon, tashkilothoi tijorati va gayritijorati (minbad tashkilotho), shakhsoni digari huquqi dar muhokimai siyosati davlati, loihahoi qonunho va sanadhoi digari huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin dar faoliyati amali dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi;

– mani guronidani partovhoi radioaktivii davlathoi digar dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– tamini nazorati davlati va sanjishi bekhatarii yadroi va radiatsioni hangomi istifodai energiyai atomi;

– tamini hifzi ijtimoii kormandoni obekthoi istifodai energiyai atomi, inchunin aholie, ki dar mintaqai joygirshavii onho zindagi va kor mekunand;

– dodani tovoni zarare, ki az tasiri radiatsiya rasidaast.

  1. Vazifahoi asosii tanzimi huquqii munosibathoe, ki hangomi anjomi hamai namudhoi faoliyat dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi ba vujud meoyand, inhoyand:

– tashkili asoshoi huquqii nizomi idorai davlatii istifodai energiyai atomi va nizomi tanzimi davlatii bekhatari hangomi istifodai energiyai atomi;

– muqarrar namudani huquq, uhdadori va masuliyati maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli, tashkilotho va shakhsoni digari huquqi va shahrvandon.

  1. Dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston hama guna faoliyati shakhsoni voqei va huquqi dar istifodai energiyai atomi bo maqsadi tahiya, sokhtan, istehsol namudan, ozmoish, nigohdori va pahn namudani silohi yadroi qatiyan man ast.

           Moddai 4. Obektho va subektho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

  1. Obektho dar sohai  istifodai energiyai atomi inhoyand:

– dastgohhoi yadroi;

– mahali nigohdorii mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi, partovgohhoi radioaktivi, obektho va inshooti doimie, ki baroi nigohdorii mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi yo baroi gurondani partovhoi radioaktivi muqarrar shudaand;

– mavodi yadroi;

– partovhoi radioaktivi;

– manbahoi afkanishoti radioaktivi va iondorkunandai beshtar az sathi bozpas giriftan.

  1. 2. Subektho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi inhoyand:

– maqomi vakolatdori davlatii tanzimu nazorat va idorakunanda;

– tashkilothoe, ki bo faoliyati istifodai energiyai atomi mashguland, hamchunin tashkilothoi tibbi, talimi, tadqiqoti, tijorati, kishovarzi va sanoati, az jumla istikhroji madan, korkard va gayraro dar bar megirand.

  1. Amali in qonun ba obekthoe, ki mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktiviro bo miqdor va faolnoki va (yo) istikhroji afkanishoti iondorkunandai boshiddat yo energiyaashon doroi qimati kamtar az meyorho va qoidahoi davlati muqarrarshudaro dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi dorand, baroi onho ijozati maqomoti davlatii tanzimgari bekhatari hangomi ijroi faoliyat bo obekthoi mazkur,  dakhl nadorad.

Moddai 5. Namudhoi asosii faoliyat dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

  1. Ba faoliyate, ki dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi aloqamandand, mansuband:

– jobajoguzori, loihakashi, tasis, istifoda va az istifoda giriftani dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsioni va mahalhoi nigohdori;

– muomila bo mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi, az on jumla hangomi justuju va istikhroji kandanihoi foidanok, ki chunin mavodro dorand, dar istehsolot, hangomi istifoda, korkard, hamlu naql va nigohdorii mavodi yadroi, moddahoi radioaktivi va partovhoi radioaktivi;

– burdani tadqiqothoi ilmi, ijroi korho va rasonidani khidmatho bo istifodai energiyai atomi;

– hifzi jismonii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsioni, mahalhoi nigohdorii mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi;

– omoda kardani mutakhassison dar sohai istifodai dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsioni, mahalhoi nigohdori, mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi;

– tamini bekhatari hangomi istifodai energiyai atomi;

– bahisobgiri va nazorat ba mavodi yadroi, manbahoi afkanishoti radioaktivi va iondorkunanda, moddahoi radioaktivi va partovhoi radioaktivi;

– sodirot va voridoti mavodi yadroi, tekhnologiya va tajhizot, moddahoi makhsusi gayriyadroi, mavod, tekhnologiya va tajhizoti doroi tainoti dujoniba, manbahoi afkanishoti ionidorkunanda, moddahoi radioaktivi;

– nazorat ba holati radiatsioni dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– hamlu naqli tranzitii mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi az qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– omoda kardan va attestatsiyai mutakhassison va kormandon.

  1. Hamai namudhoi faoliyate, ki ba istifodai energiyai atomi aloqamand ast, tahti nazorati doimii davlat ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Moddai 6. Molikiyat ba manbahoi radiatsioni, mahalhoi nigohdori, mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi

Molikoni manbahoi radiatsioni, mavodi yadroi va moddahoiradioaktivi, mahalhoi nigohdori va gurondani partovho tanho shakhsoni huquqie novobasta az shakli molikiyatashon buda metavonand, ki ijozatnomai (litsenziyai) maqomi vakolatdori davlatiro oid ba huquqi kor kardan dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dorand.

Bobi 2. Maqomi vakolatdori davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston

dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

 

Moddai 7. Maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai  istifodai energiyai atomi

  1. Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston maqomi vakolatdori davlatiro dar sohahoi zerin muayyan menamoyad:

– tanzimi davlatii istifodai bekhatarii energiyai atomi;

– sanjish, nazorat va dodani ijozatnoma ba namudhoi faoliyat oid ba istifodai energiyai atomi;

– tasiri radiatsioni ba kormandon va aholi;

– sanjishi ekologi dar sohai hifzi muhiti zist.

  1. Vazifaho va tartibi amali maqomi vakolatdorro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar menamoyad.

 

      Moddai 8. Huquqi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

Maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi (minbad-maqomi vakolatdori davlati) dar hududi salohiyati khud huquq dorad:

– ba Hukumat baroi omoda kardan va tagyir dodani sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba masalahoi istifodai energiyai atomi peshnihodho irsol namoyad;

– dar asos va ijroi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston meyoru qoidahoero, ki faoliyati marbut ba istifodai energiyai atomiro tanzim menamoyand, omoda, muqarrar va tatbiq namoyad;

– ba namudhoi faoliyate, ki ba istifodai energiyai atomi aloqamandand, ijozatnoma dihad;

– ba ijroi meyor va qoidaho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi nazorat barad;

– vobasta ba ijroi salohiyathoi khud nazorat anjom dihad;

– oid ba holati radiatsioni dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston nazorati davlati anjom dihad;

– bahisobgiri va nazorati davlatii mavodi yadroi va manbahoi afkanishoti radioaktivi va  iondorkunandaro amali sozad;

– az korkhonaho, tashkilotho va shahrvandon be yagon mahdudiyat malumot va hujjathoi baroi halli vazifahoi ba uhdai onho guzoshtashudaro talab namoyad va ba dast orad;

– ba maqomoti hifzi huquq baroi halli masalahoi ba javobgari kashidan jihati vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur, sanadhoi digari qonunguzori va meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston mavod suporad;

– bo maqomoti vakolatdori davlathoi digar va sozmonhoi baynalmilali dar masoili bekhatari hangomi istifodai energiyai atomi va oid ba masalai pahn nakardani silohi atomi va nazorati mavodi yadroi hamkori anjom dihad.

Moddai 9. Huquqi shakhsoni mansabdori maqomi vakolatdori davlati

SHakhsoni mansabdori maqomi vakolatdori davlati (rohbaron, muovinhoi rohbaron) hangomi ijroi vazifahoi bevositai khud huquq dorand:

– bo tartibi muqarrarshuda ba obekthoi istifodai energiyai atomi va sanadhoe, ki faoliyati onhoro tavsif menamoyand, bemamoniat dastrasi doshta boshand;

– faoliyati shakhsoni huquqiero, ki bo istifodai energiyai atomi aloqamandand, hangomi tahdid ba amniyati aholi yo muhiti zist bozdorand yo dar borai qati faoliyatashon masala ba miyon guzorand.

Moddai 10. Mustaqiliyati maqomi vakolatdori davlati

  1. Maqomi vakolatdori davlati az digar maqomoti ijroiya, tashkilothoe, ki faoliyati onho ba rushd va istifodai energiyai atomi vobasta meboshad, mustaqiliyati mamuriyu moliyavi dorad.
  2. Mone shudan ba  faoliyati shakhsoni mansabdori maqomi vakolatdori davlati hangomi ijroi vazifahoi khizmatiashon roh doda nameshavad.

Bobi 3. SHarthoi faoliyat, ki bo istifodai energiyai atomi aloqamandand

Moddai 11. Dodani ijozatnoma baroi faoliyate, ki ba istifodai energiyai atomi aloqamand ast

Baroi faoliyate, ki bo istifodai energiyai atomi vobasta meboshad, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston hatman ijozatnoma doda meshavad.

                 Moddai 12. Bekhatarii yadroi va radiatsioni

  1. Har guna faoliyat, ki bo istifodai energiyai atomi aloqamand ast, bo sharti tamini hifzi salomatii aholi va muhiti zist, himoyai  amvoli shakhsoni  voqei va huquqi az tasiri zararnoki afkanishoti iondor anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Bekhatarii yadroi va radiatsioni az jonibi tashkilothoi istifodabaranda mutobiqi meyoru qoidahoi muqarrarshuda tamin karda meshavad.

Moddai 13. Hifzi jismonii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya, mahalhoi nigohdorii mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi

  1. Tamini hifzi jismonii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya, mahalhoi nigohdorii mavodi yadroi va moddahoiradioaktivi dar hama davrahoi istehsolot, bunyod kardani obektho, ba istifoda dodan va az istifoda giriftani obekthoe, ki dar onho bo mavodi radioaktivii yadroi amaliyot guzaronida meshavad, hamchunin hangomi hamlu naqli onho, amali karda meshavad.
  2. Hifzi jismonii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya, mahalhoi nigohdorii  mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi az tarafi tashkilothoi istifodabaranda tamin megardad. Nazorati tamini hifzi jismonii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya, mahalhoi nigohdorii  mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi az tarafi maqomi vakolatdori davlati amali karda meshavad.
  3. Baroi ijroi vazifaho oid ba tamini hifzi jismonii obekthoi istifodai energiyai atomi metavonad maqomoti korhoi dokhili va maqomoti khadamoti amniyat jalb karda shavand.

Moddai 14. Talabot oid ba tamini hifzi jismonii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya, mahalhoi nigohdorii  mavodi  yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi

  1. Talabot oid ba tamini hifzi jismonii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya, mahalhoi nigohdorii mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi bo meyoru qoidaho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi muqarrar karda meshavand.
  2. Hifzi jismonii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya, mahalhoi nigohdorii mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi boyad mutobiqi uhdadorihoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi anjom doda shavad.
  3. Dar surati naandeshidani tadbirho baroi ijroi talabot oid ba tamini hifzi jismonii obekthoi istifodai energiyai atomi istifodai dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya, mahalhoi nigohdori, hamchunin anjom dodani har guna faoliyat oid ba istifodai mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi, ki dar har guna shakl va dar har kadom marhilai istehsol, istifoda, korkard, hamlu naql yo nigohdori qaror dorand, man ast.

Moddai 15. Bahisobgiri va nazorati mavodi yadroi  va manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda

  1. Mavodi yadroi va manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda az tarafi davlat ba hisob girifta shuda, mavridi nazorat qaror doda meshavand. Bo in maqsad maqomi vakolatdori davlati nizomi davlatii bahisobgiri va nazorati mavodi yadroi va manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda tasis medihad.
  2. Nizomhoi davlatii  bahisobgiri va nazorati mavodi yadroi va manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda miqdori voqeii mavodi yadroi va manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda, joyi nigohdori, peshgirii gumshavi, istifodai beravodid va duzdi, peshnihodi ittilooti favri dar khususi mavjudiyat va intiqoli mavodi yadroi va manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda, hamchunin malumot dar borai az hisob khorij kardan va guronidani manbaho, oid ba sodirot va voridoti manbaho va mavodi yadroi ba maqomi vakolatdori davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va dar holathoi dar shartnomahoi baynalmilali peshbinishuda az tarafi tashkilothoi baynalmilali va davlathoi digar  tamin mesozand.
  3. Tashkiloti istifodabaranda, ki ba istifodai mavodi yadroi va manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda faoliyat anjom medihad, bahisobgirii onho va peshnihodi malumoti boetimodro ba maqomoti vakolatdori davlati tamin menamoyad.
  4. Tartibi tashkili nizomhoi davlatii bahisobgiri va nazorati mavodi yadroi va manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunandaro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar mekunad.

 

Moddai 16. Talaboti asosii bekhatari hangomi intikhobi maydonchayu bunyodi dastgohhoi yadroi va mahalhoi nigohdoriyu guronidani  mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi

  1. Intikhobi maydonchayu bunyodi dastgohhoi yadroi, mahalhoi nigohdoriyu guronidani  mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi boyad dar asosi meyoru qoidaho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi va hifzi muhiti zist amali karda shavad.
  2. Qaror dar khususi bunyodi dastgohi yadroiyu  mahali nigohdori va guronidani mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktiviro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston bo nazardoshti holathoi zerin qabul menamoyad:

– talabot ba onho baroi halli vazifahoi khojagidorii mamlakat va manotiqi alohidai on;

– mavjudiyati sharoiti zaruri, ki ba meyoru qoidahoi istifodai energiyai atomi baroi joygir – kardani in obektho javobgu meboshad;

– nabudani tahdidi bekhatarii obekthoi mazkur az tarafi obekthoi nazdik joygirshudai shahrvandi va nizomi;

– oqibathoi imkonpaziri ijtimoi va iqtisodii joygir kardani obekthoi mazkur baroi rushdi sanoat, kishovarzi, ijtimoi va farhangiyu maishii mintaqa.

  1. 3. Sanadhoi loihavii obekthoi mazkur ba tavri hatmi az tahqiqi ekologi, behdoshti va tekhniki guzaronida meshavand.

Moddai 17. Talaboti asosi ba tashkiloti  istifodabaranda

  1. Tashkiloti istifodabaranda baroi bekhatarii dastgohi yadroi, manbai afkanishoti iondorkunanda, mahali joygiri, hamchunin baroi munosibati darkori bo mavodi yadroi va moddahoi radioaktivi masuliyati purra ba zimma dorad.
  2. Masuliyat baroi bekhatarii dastgohi yadroi, manbai afkanishoti iondorkunanda, mahali nigohdori, hatto dar holati qat gardidani amali ijozatnoma to intiqoli obekthoi mazkur ba digar tashkiloti istifodabaranda yo giriftani ijozatnomai nav boqi memonad.
  3. Tashkiloti istifodabaranda uhdador ast:

– doroi zakhirahoi zarurii moliyavi, moddiyu tekhniki va kormandon boshad, ki baroi tamini bekhatari dar hama davrahoi faoliyat hangomi istifodai obekthoi energiyai atomi kofiand;

– baroi ijroi korho jihati az istifoda giriftani obekthoi istifodai energiyai atomi, rekultivatsiyai masohati guronidani partovhoi radioaktivi, bartaraf kardani oqibati holathoi sadamavi, jubroni zarar ba salomati va hayoti odamon va muhiti zist, hamchunin amvoli shahrvandon va tashkilotho tadbirho peshbini sozad va bo mablag tamin namoyad.

  1. 4. Tashkiloti istifodabaranda inhoro tamin menamoyad:

– istifodai dastgohi yadroi, manbai afkanishoti iondorkunanda va mahali  nigohdori tanho baroi hamon maqsadhoe, ki onho tain gardidaand;

– tashkil va hamohangsozii tahiya va ijroi barnomaho, tamini sifat dar hamai davrahoi ba istifoda dodan, istifoda namudan va az istifoda giriftani dastgohi yadroi, manbai afkanishoti iondorkunandai mahali nigohdori;

– tahiya va tatbiqi chorahoi omodagii sadama va tadbirhoi ziddisadama dar dastgohi yadroi, manbai afkanishoti iondorkunanda va mahali nigohdori hamchunin choraho oid ba kam kardani oqibathoi manfii sadama baroi kormandoni obekthoi mazkur, aholi va muhiti zist;

– bahisobgirii dozai infirodii kormandoni obekthoi istifodai energiyai atomi va tatbiqi huquqi onho baroi jubron;

– sugurtai kormandon va dar safari khizmati qarordoshtagon az khavfi tasiri radiatsiya az hisobi khud;

– anjom dodani salohiyathoi digar, ki sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar kardaand.

  1. 5. Kormandoni tashkiloti istifodabaranda bo tartibe, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar kardaast, az sanjishi takhassusi meguzarand.

 

Bobi 4. Sodirot va voridoti mol va khizmatrasoni dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

 

Moddai 18. Anjom dodani sodirot va voridoti mol  va khizmatrasoni dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

Sodirot va voridoti mol va khizmatrasoni dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi, ki bo maqsadhoi tijorati intiqol, kharid yo furush yo intiqoli gayritijoratiro dar bar megirad, az tarafi maqomi vakolatdori davlati nazorat karda meshavad va mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, hamchunin shartnomahoi baynalmilali, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof namudaast, anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 19. Tartibi amali gardonidani sodirot va voridoti mol  va khizmatrasoni dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

Tartibi amali gardonidani sodirot va voridoti mavodi yadroi, tekhnologiya, tajhizot va dastgohhoi yadroi, mavodi makhsusi gayriyadroi, manbahoi afkanishoti iondorkunanda, mavodi radioaktivi va partovhoi radioaktiviro qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar menamoyad.

 

Bobi 5. Huququ uhdadorii shahrvandon, ittihodiyahoi jamiyati va tashkilotho

Moddai 20. Huquqi shahrvandon, ittihodiyahoi jamiyati va tashkilotho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

  1. SHahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, ittihodiyahoi jamiyati va tashkilotho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi  huquq dorand:

– tavassuti maqomi vakolatdori davlati oid ba istifodai energiyai atomi va vasoiti akhbori umum dar khususi bekhatarii obekthoi bunyodashon peshbinishuda, loihakashidashuda, bunyodshavanda, istifodashavanda va az istifoda giriftashudai energiyai atomi, dar borai nazorati amalishavandai holati radiatsioni dar mahalhoe, ki onho istiqomat mekunand yo kor menamoyand, hamchunin dar khususi dozai shuogiri malumot ba dast orand;

– dar barrasii siyosat, loihai sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va barnomaho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi ishtirok namoyand;

– tahqiqi ekologii jamiyatii hujjathoi loihavi va nazoratro az boloi vaziyati radiatsionii muhiti zist muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston anjom dihand;

– bo maqsadi shinosoi paydo kardan bo tartibi muqarrarshuda az dastgohhoi yadroi, mahalhoi nigohdori va guronidan didan namoyand;

– baroi jubroni hisorotu ziyone, ki dar natijai sadamai yadroi yo radiatsioni ba onho rasidaast, az hisobi tashkiloti istifodabaranda, ki ba in sadama roh dodaast.

Moddai 21. uhdadorii shahrvandon, ittihodiyahoi jamiyati va tashkilotho dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

SHahrvandon, ittihodiyahoi jamiyati va tashkilotho uhdadorand qonunguzoriero, ki istifodai energiyai atomiro tanzim menamoyad, rioya namuda, talaboti meyoru qoidahoi bekhatari dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi, hamchunin talaboti shakhsoni mansabdori tashkilotho oid ba istifodai energiyai atomiro ijro namoyand.

Moddai 22. Sugurtakuni dar sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

SHahrvandon va molikiyati onho az ehtimoliyati tasiri radiatsioni az hisobi sohibmulk va yo istifodabarandai energiyai atomi hatman sugurta karda meshavand. Pardokhti sugurtapuli novobasta az mablagi suporidashuda ba amal barovarda meshavad. Tartib va sharthoi sugurtai shahrvandon va molikiyati onhoro az ehtimoliyati tasiri radiatsioni qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

Moddai 23. Jubroni zarare, ki dar natijai istifodai nomuvofiqi obekthoi energiyai atomi rasidaast

  1. Zarari ba salomatii shahrvandon rasonidashuda, hamchunin favti onho dar natijai istifodai nomuvofiqi obekthoi energiyai atomi boyad az hisobi rasonandai zarar dar hajmi purra bo nazardoshti darajai gum kardani qobiliyati mehnatii zarardida, kharojot baroi tabobati vay, barqarorsozii salomati, parastorii bemor, kumakpulihoi tainshuda mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston jubron karda shavad.
  2. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi huquq dorand bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston az rasonandagoni zarar jubroni purrai ziyoni molii vobasta ba istifodai nomuvofiqi obekthoi energiyai atomi az jonibi tashkilotho va shahrvandon rasida va kharojoti tashkilothoro novobasta az shakli molikiyati onho va shakhsoni alohidaro, ki dar korhoi sadamaviyu najotbakhshi va bartaraf kardani oqibathoi istifodai nomuvofiqi obekthoi energiyai atomi ishtirok namudaand, talab namoyand.
  3. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqii gunahkori istifodai nomuvofiqi obekthoi energiyai atomi uhdadorand bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston zarari ba zamin, ob, olami nabototu hayvonot rasonidashuda, az jumla kharojoti rekultivatsiyai zamin va barqarorsozii hosilkhezii tabiii zaminro jubron namoyand.

 

Moddai 24. Tadbirho oid ba himoyai ijtimoii shahrvandon dar manotiqi joygirshavii dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya va mahalhoi nigohdorii onho

SHahrvandone, ki dar hududi manotiqi mushohidai dastgohhoi yadroi, manbahoi radiatsiya yo mahalhoi nigohdori istiqomat mekunand, koru faoliyat anjom medihand yo khizmati harbi ado mekunand, ba jubroni ijtimoiyu iqtisodi baroi omilhoi ilovagii khavf yo baroi sharoiti makhsusi istiqomat, anjom dodani koru faoliyat yo adoi khizmati harbi huquq dorand. Nav, andozai jubronhoi mazkur va tadbirho oid ba hifzi ijtimoii shahrvandonro dar vobastagi az nav va tavsifi amniyati obekti istifodai energiyai atomi sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar mekunand. Tartibi peshnihodi jubronhoi mazkur va tadbirho oid ba hifzi ijtimoii shahrvandonro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar mesozad.

Bobi 6.  Muqarraroti  khotimavi

 

Moddai 25. Sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali dar  sohai istifodai energiyai atomi

Agar mutobiqi sanadhoi baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston onhoro  etirof kardaast, nazar ba on meyorhoe, ki dar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba istifodai energiyai atomi mavjud ast, meyorhoi digar muqarrar shuda boshad, dar in surat meyorhoi sanadhoi baynalmilali istifoda megardand.

Moddai 26. Javobgari baroi vayron namudani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki ba vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur roh medihand, mutobiqi tartiboti muqarrarnamudai  qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 27. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston                     E.Rahmonov

               sh. Dushanbe  9 dekabri soli 2004

               № 69

 

 

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

jon-mark

Safiri navi Amriko (IMA) dar Tojikiston tain shud

Donald Tramp, raisijumhuri IMA, nomzadii Jon Mark Pommershim az Floridaro ba maqomi safri IMA dar …