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Islohoti SHeralikhon dar Afgoniston

Soli 1863 Dustmuhammadkhon vafot kard va baroi toju takhti Afgoniston dar bayni pisaroni u muborizai musallahona surat girift. Oqibat soli 1868 dar in muboriza SHeralikhon golib baromada, amiri Afgoniston shud.

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SHeralikhon ba Hinduston safar karda, ba navgonihoi az Angliya ba on jo rohyoftai burjuazi shinosoi paydo namuda, badi ­ba vatan bargashtan ba islohoti davlati dast zad. Islohoti andozi SHeralikhon maddi nazar dosht, ki az andozi naturali ba andozi puli boyad guzasht. Islohoti harbi aznavsozii artish va tasisi sipohi munazzami muosirro dar nazar dosht. Ba SHeralikhon muyassar gardid, ki artishi Afgonistonro purquvvat karda, shumorai onro to ba 50 hazor nafar rasonad, hokimi markaziro mustahkam kunad, maqomoti makhsusi mashvarati va politsiyai davlatiro tashkil namoyad. Gayr az in u ba islohoti tijorat va farhang ham shuru kard. Dar mamlakat shab, aloqai pochtaro tashkil kard, baroi behtar kardani rohho chorahoi zaruri andeshid. Soli 1873 ruznomai avvalini Afgoniston “SHams-un-nahor” ba chop rasid. Vale ba tatbiqi purrai islohoti SHeralikhon tajovuzn navi harbii Angliya khalal rasonid.

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