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Intikhobi Moshinai darzduzi

Dar zamonhoi qadim libosro dasti medukhtand. In kor vaqti ziyodro megirift. hamchunin darz na hamesha barobar mustahkam va shinam megardid.

Bahri osonii darzduzi va tezonidani muhlati tayyor kardani libos fikri sokhtani moshini darzduzi paydo shud. Avvalin moshinai darzduzi soli 1765 dar Angliya ba istifoda peshnihod shud. Dar mamlakathoi digar ustokhonahoe budand, ki az Angliya asbobhoi moshinai darzduziro ovarda mesokhtand.

Moshinai darzduzi

mashinkaLoihai yakumi moshinai darzduzigiro dar okhiri asri JV Leonardo Davinchi tartib dodast, Dar soli 1834 amerikoi Uolter Hayt suzani gushakdor (surokhidor) va nugash tezro va sokhti mekhanizmimokuro ikhtiro kard. In yakumin moshinai darzduzi az resmonhoi boloi va poyoniro istifoda burda meshud. Moshinai darzduzi ba muzey va namoishgohhoi eksporti ishtirok mekard.

Dar soli 1850 bo harakati Alena Vilson va makhsus Isaak Zinger moshinahoi darzduziro ba holati hozirai zamona ovardaand. Ba gayr az harakatdihandai dasti bo harakatguzaronidai poyaki (pedali), mashina kor mekard, ki dar in holat dasti duzanda ozod meshavad. Az soli 1870 s. Firmai «Zinger» na faqat dar IMA dar bisyor davlatho az on jumla dar Rossiya filiali khudro tashkil kard. Dar nazdi Moskva shahri Podolski soli 1900 s. Firmai «Zinger» zavod sokht jo ba jo kunii juzhoi mashinai darzduzi, ki az khorija ovarda meshud, ijro mekard. Dar in zavod dar yak sol 600 hazor moshin mebarovarad.

Inro dar khotir dored.

Moshinai darzduzii vatani badi Inqilobi Oktyabr dar sobiq Idtihodi SHuravi sokhta shudaast.

Avvalin zavodi moshini darzduzi dar soli 1923 dar shahri Podolski viloyati Moskva sokhta shudaast. Badi Jangi Buzurgi Vatani dar Belorussiya ham zavodi moshini darzduzi ba kor daromad.

Moshini darzduzi ham baroi sanoat va ham baroi ruzgor istehsol karda meshavad. Moshini darzduzii sanoati baroi fabrikavu ustokhonahoi duzandagi istehsol karda meshavad. Moshini darzduzi ba yakchand guruhho judo meshavad:

1.Moshinai darzduzii dasti.

2.Moshinai darzduzii bo poy harakatkunanda.

3.Moshinai darzduzii barqi.

4.Moshinai darzduzii universali.

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