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Inqilobi Filippin

To mohi avgusti soli 1896 tayyori ba shurishi musallah hanuz ba okhir narasida bud. “Katipunan” ba miqdori zaruri siloh ham nadosht. Hamin vaqt dar borai naqshai shurishi “Katipunan” khoine ba hukumatdoroni mustamlikavi khabar medihad. Az hamin sabab zarurat ba misi omad, ki shurishi yaroqnok tajilan ogoz karda shavad.

23 avgusti soli 1896 Bonifasio az dehkadai durdasti khurdi Balintavak ba khalq murojiat kard, ki ba shurishi musallah barkhezad. In murojiat dar tarikhi Filippin bo nomi – “Davati Balintavak” mashhur ast. Qarib hamai sozmonhoi mahallii “Katipunan”, az on jumla dar Lusoni Markazi va Janubi va hatto dar jazirahoi durdasti Mindanas va Sulu ba shurish barkhostand.

revolution-filippin

Hukumatdoroni ispani bar ziddi ishtirokchiyoni inqilob terrori vahshiyonaro ogoz namudand. Bisyor azoyoni “Katipunan” dastgir va ba qatl rasonida shudand. 30 dekabri soli 1896 Risal ham qatl karda shud.

Dar masalai usuli muboriza dar “Katipunan” du jarayoyan paydo meshavad. Bonifasio va Aginaldo rohbaroni in du jarayoyan ba ham muqobil budand. Ba Aginaldo muyassar shud, ki dar bayni shurishchiyon tavassuti hilayu nayrang obrui kalon paydo namuda, “Katipunan”-ro barham zanad. Bo farmoni Aginaldo 10 mayi soli 1897 Bonifasio parronda meshavad. Badi in rohbarii inqilobi Filippin ba dasti Aginaldo meguzarad.

Muboriza dar bayni inqilobchiyon pakhsh kardani inqilobro oson kard. Dar barobari pakhshi shurish va terrori ishtirokchiyoni on ispaniho nagz mefahmidand, ki in shurishro tanho tavassutn siloh shikast dodan mushkil ast. Baroi guftushunid yake az ishtirokchiyoni sobiqi islohotkhohon Pelta Paterno dar bayni Aginaldo va general-gubernator Primo de Rivera miyonarav shud. Hamin tariq, guftushunidi du taraf ogoz yoft. 18 noyabri soli 1897 dar qarorgohi hukumati inqilobii Biakia-Bato konstitutsiyai avvali Jumhurii Filippin elon karda shud. Dar in jo dar borai qati muborizai yaroqnok filippiniho niz sozishnoma ba imzo rasid. Az tarafi khud hukumatdoroni ispani uhdador shudand, ki zarari ba filippiniho rasidaro jubron mekunand. Aginaldo va hamsafoni u mamlakatro tark namudand. Hamin tariq, rohbaroni inqilob ba khalqi Filippin khiyonat kardand. Vale khiyonati Aginaldo va hamsafoni u ba muborizai inqilobii khalqi Filippin nuqta naguzosht. Allakay mohi fevrali soli 1898 muqovimati musallahonai ziddi Ispaniya dar yakchand nohiyai mamlakat az nav ogoz yoft.

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