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Iqtisodiyoti jahon az nazari Hazinai Baynalmilalii Asor (HBA)

Tamoyuli asosii rushdi iqtisodiyoti jahon. Dar davrai hisoboti bo nazardoshti mutadil gardidani narkhi molu ashyo dar bozorhoi jahoni va dar in zamina afzoishi yoftani hajmi istehsolot tadrijan rushd yoftani iqtisodi jahon ba nazar merasad.

Hazinai Baynalmilalii Asor (HBA) durnamoi rushdi iqtisodi jahonro tajdidi nazar namuda, rushdi onro dar soli 2018 dar sathi 3,7 foiz peshgui namudaast, ki nisbat ba bahodihii qabli 0,2 bandi foizi kam ast.

Boyad qayd kard, ki idoma yoftani nizohoi tijorati bayni kishvarhoi jahon ba rushdi iqtisodiyoti jahon, az jumla gardishi savdoi jahoni tasiri manfii khudro merasonad.

iqtisodiyoti-jahonTadqiqoti Bonki markazii Avrupo nishon dod, ki iqtisodiyoti IMA dar holati shuru namudani nizohoi tijorati bo digar davlatho az hisobi kohish yoftani tijorat va az dast dodani bovarii istemolkunandagon va sarmoyaguzoron metavonad beshtar zarar binad, dar hole ki Jumhurii Halqii Hitoy bo andeshidani chorahoi javobi az chunin holat meboist komyob gardad.

Az rui bahodihii Bonki markazii Avrupo surati rushdi iqtisodiyoti IMA dar in mavrid ba andozai 2 bandi foizi kohish yofta, iqtisodiyoti Hitoy baraks az hisobi ziyod namudani hajmi sodiroti mol ba davlathoi ru ba taraqqi, ki nisbat ba molhoi IMA boji gumrukiro peshbini namudaand, afzoish meyobad. Tijorati jahoni ba andozai 3,0 foiz va rushdi iqtisodiyoti jahon ba 0,2-0,3 foiz metavonad kohish yobad.

Dar doirai jalasai 73-yumi Assambleyai generalii Sozmoni Millali Muttahid dar shahri Nyu-York rohbari Hazinai Baynalmilalii Asor va Vaziri korhoi khorijii Jumhurii Halqii Hitoy vobasta ba zaruriyati guzaronidani islohot dar Sozmoni Umumijahonii Savdo va dastgirii savdoi ozod taboduli nazar kardand.

Jonibi Hitoy izhor namud, ki islohot boyad javobgui prinsip va arzishhoi asosii SUS boshad va munosibati makhsus nisbat ba davlathoi ru ba taraqqi taqviyat doda shavad. Tavassuti guzaronidani islohot ba in guna davlatho imtiyozhoi beshtar boyad faroham ovarda shavad. Hitoy savdoi ozod va prinsiphoi huquq va munosibati baynalmilaliro qatiyan jonibdori menamoyad va chunin nazar dorad, ki jahon naboyad digar boz ba «qonunhoi jangal» bargardad.

Rohbariyati HBA dar navbati khud qayd namud, ki dar sharoiti kununi dar doirai hamkorihoi baynalmilali boyad nizomi savdoi bisyorjoniba himoya gardida, prinsiphoi savdoi baynalmilali rioya shavad va jihati muvaffaq shudan ba rushdi iqtisodi bo rohi mashvarat ikhtilofoti mavjuda bartaraf karda shavad.

Inchunin rohbari Sozmoni Umumijahonii Savdo izhor dosht, ki nizohoi gusturdai tijorati baroi subot, afzoishi joyhoi kori va rushdi iqtisodi khatari ziyodro ejod menamoyand.

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Bismillohi-r-Rahmoni-r-Rahim Al-hamdu lillohi Rabbi-l-olamin. Ar-Rahmoni-r-Rahim. Moliki yavmi-d-din. Iyyoka nabudu va iyyoka nastain. Ihdina-s-sirota-l-mustaqima, sirota-l-lazina anamta …