Home / Jamiyat / Ikhtirot chist?

Ikhtirot chist?

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai ikhtiro

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 2004, №2, mod. 49; s. 2012, №7, mod. 707; s. 2013, №3, mod. 199; Qonuni JT az 14.11.2016 s., №1372)

Majlisi namoyandagon 24 dekabri soli 2003 qabul kardaast

Majlisi milli 12 fevrali soli 2004 jonibdori namudaast

ixtiroot

 

Bobi 1. Muqararoti UMUMI

 

Qonuni mazkurmunosibathoi molumulki va munosibathoi shakhsii gayrimolumulkii bo onho aloqamandro, ki binobar ofaridan, hifzi huquqi va istifodabarii ikhtiroot dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba miyon meoyand, tanzim mekunad.

 

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Mafhumhoi dar Qonuni mazkur istifodashavanda manoi zerin dorand:

-ariza– majmui hujjathoi bo Qonuni mazkur muqarrarshuda, ki baroi giriftani hujjati muhofizati ba Idorai patenti peshnihod karda meshavand;

-dorandai patentshakhsi voqei yo huquqie, ki ba nomi u hujjati muhofizati  doda meshavad;

-ikhtiro– ofaridai navi tekhnikie, ki imkoniyat medihad masalahoi mushakhkhasi istehsolot va sohahoi digari faoliyati inson hal karda shavand;

-ijozatnoma (litseziya) – az tarafi dorandai patent ba digar shakhsi huquqi yo voqei dodani huquqi istifodabarii ikhtiroi bo patent hifzshavanda. (QJT az 03.07.2012., №857)

-namoyandai patenti – shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki tibqi qonunguzori huquq dorad  shakhsoni voqei va huquqiro dar nazdi Idorai patenti namoyandagi namoyad;

-obekthoi molikiyati sanoati – ikhtiroot, namunahoi sanoati va modelhoi sudmand, ki mahsuli faoliyati zehnii inson  meboshand;

-peshnamunai (prototipi) ikhtiro – hammonandi ikhtiro, ki bo majmui alomathoi asosiash ba ikhtiro nazdiktarin ast;

-Sozishnomai Parij – Konvensiyai Parij oid ba hifzi molikiyati sanoati az 20 marti soli 1883 bo tagyiru ilovahoi minbada;

-tavsifnomai ikhtiro hujjati mansub ba ariza, ki dar on ikhtiro  ba purragi tafsir meshavad;

-formulai ikhtiro hujjati mansub ba ariza, ki dar asosi tavsifnomai ikhtiro tartib doda meshavad va majmui alomathoi asosii ikhtiroro dar bar megirad;

-sharthoi patentpaziri – sharthoi bo Qonuni mazkur muqarrarshudai peshnihodi hifzi huquqii ikhtiro;

-hammonandi  ikhtiro – obekte, ki tainotash bo tainoti ikhtiro yak buda, majmui alomathoi on ba majmui alomathoi asosii ikhtiro monand ast;

-hujjathoi muhofizati – patentho va nakhustpatenthoe, ki baroi ikhtiro tibqi Qonuni mazkur doda meshavand.

 

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ikhtiro

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ikhtiroba Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston, hamin Qonun, digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston va inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof namudaast, iborat ast.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1372)

 

Moddai 3. Maqomi davlati oid ba hifzi obekthoi molikiyati sanoati

Maqomi davlati oid ba hifzi obekthoi molikiyati sanoati (minbad – Idorai patenti) amaligardonii siyosati yagonai davlatiro dar sohai hifzi huquqii obekthoi molikiyati sanoati tamin menamoyad, arizahoro baroi obekthoi molikiyati sanoati qabul mekunad, az rui onho ekspertizai  meguzaronad, baqaydgirii davlati va nashri rasmii malumotro dar borai obekthoi molikiyati sanoati ba somon merasonad, hujjathoi muhofizati medihad va inchunin vazifahoi digarro, ki muvofiqi hujjathoi tasisii Idorai patenti peshbini shudaand, ijro mekunad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Dar nazdi Idorai patenti SHuroi shikoyati amal mekunad, ki on maqomi hatmii avvalin oid ba halli masalahoi bahstalabi marbut ba hifzi huquqii obekthoi molikiyati sanoati ba shumor meravad. SHuroi shikoyati vakolathoi khudro dar asosi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va Nizomnoma dar borai SHuroi shikoyati ba amal mebarorad.

Mablagguzorii Idorai patenti az hisobi mablaghoi bujeti davlati, pardokhthoi korbari inchunin mablaghoe, ki az rasondani khizmathoi patenti va ittilooti  vorid shudaand, ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 4. Hujjathoi muhofizati

Huquq ba ikhtiro az jonibi davlat hifz karda shuda, bo patent va yo nakhustpatent baroi ikhtiro (minbad – hujjathoi muhofizati) tasdiq karda meshavad.

Patent baroi ikhtiro bad az guzaronidani ekspertizai  mohiyati ariza doda shuda, az sanai peshnihodi ariza ba Idorai patenti  dar davomi bist sol amal mekunad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Nakhustpatent baroi ikhtiro bad az guzaronidani sanjishi peshakii ariza baroi nakhustpatent doda meshavad va az sanai peshnihodi ariza ba Idorai patenti  dar davomi dah sol amal mekunad.

Hujjati muhofizati avvaliyat, muallifivahuquqi istisnoii istifodabarii ikhtiroro tasdiq mekunad.

Muhlati amali hujjati muhofizati baroi ikhtiro, ki ba mavodi doruvori, pestitsidho va moddahoi kimiyovii kishovarzi (agrokimiyoho) dakhl dorad va jihati istifodabarii onho tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston shahodatnomai baqaydgirii mavodi doruvorii maqomoti dakhldor talab karda meshavad, bo darkhosti dorandai hujjati muhofizati az jonibi Idorai patenti tamdid karda meshavad, agar az ruzi peshnihodi ariza jihati giriftani hujjati muhofizati baroi ikhtiro to giriftani shahodatnomai mazkur ziyoda az chor sol guzashta boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1372)

Muhlati mazkur ba davrai az sanai peshnihodi ariza baroi giriftani hujjati muhofizati ba ikhtiro to ruzi giriftani shahodatnomai baqaydgirii mavodi doruvori baroi istifodai mahsulot, bo kam kardani chor sol, vale na ziyoda az panj sol tamdid karda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1372)

Tartibi peshnihodi darkhost oid ba tamdid kardani muhlati hujjati muhofizati baroi ikhtiro va barrasii onro Idorai patenti muayyan menamoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1372)

 

Moddai 5. Hifzi huquqii ikhtiro

Hajmi hifzi huquqi, ki onro hujjati muhofizati medihad, bo formulai ikhtiro muayyan karda meshavad.Baroi manidod namudani formulai ikhtiro tavsifnoma va naqshaho istifoda shuda metavonand.

Amali hujjati muhofizatii baroi tarzi ba dast ovardani mahsulot dodashuda ba mahsulote, ki bevosita bo in tarz hosil shudaaast, niz dakhl dorad. Mahsuloti nav dar on surat bo tarzi patentnokshuda ba dast ovardashuda hisobida meshavad, agar dalelhoi aks vujud nadoshta boshand.

Hifzi huquqi muvofiqi Qonuni mazkur ba ikhtiroote, ki sirri davlatiro dar bar megirand, doda nameshavad. Tartibi ba onho dodani hifzi huquqiro sanadi dakhldori qonunguzorii CHumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar menamoyad.(QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

 

Bobi 2. PATENTPAZIRII IHTIROOT

 

Moddai 6. SHarthoi patentpazirii ikhtiro

Ba ikhtiro hifzi huquqi doda meshavad, agar on nav, doroi sathi ikhtirokori va qobili tatbiq  boshad.

Ikhtiro nav ba hisob meravad, agar on qismi sathi tekhnika naboshad.

Sathi tekhnika majmui malumote meboshad, ki to sanai avvaliyati ikhtiro dar jahon qobili dastrasii umum gardidaast.

Ikhtiro doroi sathi ikhtirokori mahsub meyobad,agar on baroi mutakhassis az malumot dar borai sathi tekhnika oshkoro paydo nagardad.

Ikhtiro qobili tatbiqhisobida meshavad, agar on dar sanoat, kishovarzi, tandurusti va digar sohahoi faoliyati inson istifoda shuda tavonad.

Sokhtor, tarz, modda, shtammi mikroorganizm, shtammi hujayrahoi rastanihovahayvonot, inchunin az rui tainoti nav istifoda burdani onho obekthoi ikhtiro buda metavonand.

Obekthoi zerin ba manoi muqarraroti  Qonuni mazkur ikhtiro mahsub nameshavand:

– nazariyahoi ilmi va metodhoi matematiki;

– metodhoi tashkilu idorakunii khojagi;

– alomathoi sharti, jadvalho, qoidaho;

– qoidaho va metodhoi ijroi amaliyoti fikri;

– algoritmho va barnomaho baroi moshinhoi hisobbaror;

– loihaho va skhemahoi banaqshagirii inshoot, binoho, mahalho;

– peshnihodhoe, ki tanho ba namudi berunai mahsulot dakhl doshta, ba qone gardonidani talaboti estetiki ravona shudaand.

Ba manoi muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur obekthoi zerin ba sifati obekthoi patentpazir etirof karda nameshavand:

– topologiyahoi mikroskhemahoi integrali;

– navhoi rastaniho va zothoi hayvonot;

– peshnihodhoe, ki khilofi manfiathoi jamiyati, prinsiphoi insondusti va akhloqi meboshand.

Patentpazirii ikhtiroro oshkor namudani malumote, ki dar natijai on mohiyati ikhtiro dastrasi umum gardidaast, khalaldor namekunad, agar in amal az jonibi arizadihanda, muallif va yo shakhsi digare, ki az onho mustaqiman va yo ba tariqi gayrimustaqim malumoti ba ikhtiro dakhldorro ba dast ovardaast, ijro shuda boshad va agar ariza dar borai dodani hujjati muhofizati baroi ikhtiro ba Idorai patentinadertar az shash mohi bad az sanai oshkor shudani in malumot  peshnihod shuda boshad. Dar ayni zamon uhdadorii isbot namudani voqeiyati in amal ba zimmai arizadihanda guzoshta meshavad.

 

Bobi 3.SUBEKTHOI HUQUQ BA IHTIRO

 

Moddai 7. Muallifi ikhtiro

SHakhsi voqeie, ki bo mehnati ejodkoronai vay ikhtiro ofarida shudaast, muallifi ikhtiro hisobida meshavad. Agar dar ofaridani ikhtiro yakchand shakhsoni voqei ishtirok karda boshand, hamai onho muallifi ikhtiro hisob meshavand. Tartibi istifodai huquqhoe, ki ba muallifon taalluq dorand, bo sozishnomai bayni onho muayyan karda meshavad.

SHakhsone, ki dar ofaridani ikhtiro hissai shakhsii ejodi naguzoshtaand, ba muallif(on) tanho yorii tekhniki, tashkili va yo moddi rasonidaand yo in ki tanho baroi ba rasmiyat darovardani huquq ba ikhtiro va istifodai on musoidat namudaand, muallifi ikhtiro hisob nameshavand.

Huquqi muallifi huquqi shakhsii begonanashavanda buda, bemuhlat hifz karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 8. Arizadihanda

Huquqi peshnihodi arizaro baroi dodani hujjati muhofizati  inho dorand:

– muallif(on)-i ikhtiro;

– korfarmo, dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi duyumi moddai 9 hamin Qonun;

– voris(on)-i huquqii muallif (on) va yo korfarmo.

 

Moddai 9. Dorandai patent

Hujjati muhofizati ba inho doda meshavad:

–  muallifi ikhtiro;

– shakhse, ki uro muallifi ikhtiro dar arznoma dar borai dodani hujjati muhofizati muayyan namudaast;

– vorisoni huquqii shakhsoni dar bolo zikrgardida.

Huquqi giriftani hujjati muhofizati baroi ikhtiroe, ki onro kormand dar aloqamandi bo ijroi vazifahoi khizmatiash va yo az korfarmo giriftani suporishi mushakhkhas ofaridaast, ba korfarmo taalluq dorad, agar shartnomai bayni onho holati digarero peshbini nakarda boshad.

Agar korfarmo dar davomi chor mohi badi sanai az jonibi muallif dar borai ofaridani ikhtiro khabardor karda shudanash ba Idorai patenti ariza nadihad, huquqi peshnihodi arizaro ba shakhsi digar voguzor nakunad va yo muallifro dar borai makhfi nigoh doshtani ikhtiro ogoh nanamoyad, pas huquqi peshnihodi ariza va giriftani hujjati muhofizati ba muallif meguzarad. Dar in holat korfarmo huquq dorad ba dorandai hujjati muhofizati jubroni dar asosi shartnoma muayyanshudaro pardokhta, ikhtiroro dar istehsoloti khud istifoda barad.

Huquqi giriftani hujjati muhofizati ba ikhtiroe, ki kormand tajriba, vositahoi moddi, tekhniki va digar vositahoi korfarmoro istifoda burda, lekin na dar aloqamandi bo ijroi vazifahoi khizmatii kormand va yo suporishi muayyani korfarmo ofaridaast, ba kormand taalluq dorad, agar shartnomai bayni onho holati digarero peshbini nakarda boshad. Dar in holat korfarmo huquq dorad ba dorandai hujjati muhofizati jubroni dar asosi shartnoma muayyanshudaro pardokhta, ikhtiroro dar istehsoloti khud istifoda barad.

 

Moddai 10. Huquqi muallifi ikhtiroe, ki yakjoya bo ijroi vazifahoi khizmati ofarida shudaast

Kormande, ki dar qismi duyumi moddai 9 Qonuni mazkur zikr shudaast, huquq dorad dar holathoi zerin az korfarmo  mutanosiban ba foidai badastovardai korfarmo va yo foidae, ki korfarmo metavonist az ikhtiro ba tavri lozimi istifoda burda, ba dast darorad, podosh girad:

az jonibi korfarmo giriftani hujjati muhofizati;

-huquqi giriftani hujjati muhofizatiro ba shakhsi digar voguzor kardani korfarmo;

-az jonibi korfarmo qabul namudani qaror dar borai makhfi nigoh doshtani ikhtiro;

-bo sababhoi vobasta ba korfarmo nagiriftani hujjati muhofizati az rui arizai az jonibi korfarmo peshnihodshuda.

Podosh bo andoza va sharthoi dar asosi sozishnomai bayni muallif va korfarmo muayyanshuda  pardokhta meshavad.

Dar holati bayni tarafho ba dast naomadani sozish nisbati andozava tartibi pardokhti podosh va yo jubron  bahs bo tartibi sudi hal karda meshavad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Baroi sarivaqt napardokhtani podosh va yo jubroni dar shartnoma muayyanshuda korfarmo muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  javobgar meboshad.

 

Bobi 4.ARIZA BAROI DODANI HUJJATI MUHOFIZATI

 

Moddai 11. Peshnihodi ariza baroi dodani hujjati muhofizati

Arizaro baroi dodani hujjatimuhofizati (minbad – ariza) arizadihanda ba Idorai patenti peshnihod mekunad.

Ariza  ba vositai namoyandai patenti, ki Idorai patenti uro ba qayd giriftaast, peshnihod shuda metavonad.

SHakhsoni voqeie, ki doimi berun az qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunand, yo shakhsoni huquqii khoriji yo namoyandagoni onho korhoi marbut ba giriftani hujjati muhofizati va nigoh doshtani etibori onro ba vositai namoyandagoni patentii dar Idorai patenti baqaydgiriftashuda pesh mebarand.

SHahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki muvaqqatan berun az qalamravi on meboshand, korhoi marbut ba giriftani hujjathoi muhofizati va nigoh doshtani etibori onhoro ba vositai namoyandai patenti va yo dar surati nishon dodani nishonii mukotiba dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston bevosita khudashon pesh mebarand .

Vakolati namoyandai patenti bo bovarinomae, ki arizadihanda ba u dodaast, tasdiq karda meshavad. Talabotro ba namoyandai patenti, tartibi attestatsiya va baqaydgiriii uro Idorai patenti muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 12. Ariza

Ariza  boyad ba yak ikhtiro va yo guruhi ikhtirohoi bo ham to ba hadde aloqamand,ki goyai yagonai ikhtirokoriro tashkil medihand (talaboti yagonagii ikhtiro), dakhl doshta boshad.

Ariza  boyad hujjathoi zerinro dar bar girad:

– arznoma dar borai dodani hujjati muhofizati bo nishon dodani nomi ikhtiro, muallif(on)i ikhtiro va shakhs(on)e, ki ba nomi u (onho) hujjati muhofizati darkhost karda meshavad, inchunin joi istiqomat va yo joygirshavii onho;

– tavsifnomai ikhtiro, ki ikhtiroro bo purragii kifoya baroi amali gardondan az jonibi mutakhassis oshkor mekunad;

– formulai ikhtiro, ki mohiyati onro ifoda mekunad va ba tavsifnoma asos yoftaast;

– referat;

– naqshaho va mavodi digar, agar onho baroi fahmidani mohiyati ikhtiro zarur boshand.

Arznoma dar borai dodani hujjati muhofizati ba zaboni davlati va hujjathoi digari ariza ba zabonhoi digar peshnihod shuda metavonand.

Baroi nigoh doshtani sanai peshnihodi ariza, ki muvofiqi moddai 14 Qonuni mazkur muayyan karda meshavad, tarjumai in hujjatho ba zaboni davlati boyad dar muddati se moh pas az voridshavii nakhustini onho ba Idorai patenti peshnihod karda shavad.

Ba ariza hujjati tasdiqkunandai pardokhti boj baroi peshnihodi ariza va hujjati tasdiqkunandai asosho baroi napardokhtani yo kam kardani in boj ilova karda meshavad. Hujjathoi mazkur yakjoya bo ariza va yo dar muddati se mohi bad az rasidani ariza ba Idorai patenti peshnihod shudanashon mumkin ast.

Qoidahoi peshnihod va barrasii ariza baroi dodani patent va nakhustpatent ba ikhtiroro Idorai patenti muqarrar menamoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1372)

 

Moddai 13. Bo tashabbusi arizadihanda isloh  namudani hujjathoi ariza

Arizadihanda dar davomi se mohi badi sanai peshnihodi ariza huquq dorad mohiyati ikhtiroi peshnihodshudaro tagyir nadoda, ba mavodhoi on islohho va tasheh dokhil kunad.

Islohho va tashehro ba mavodi  ariza dar surati supurdani pardokhti korbarii dakhldor inchunin badi guzashtani muhlati semoha, lekin na dertar az barovardani qaror az rui natijahoi ekspertizai  mohiyati dokhil kardan mumkin ast. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

 

Moddai 14. Sanai peshnihodi ariza

Sanai peshnihodi ariza az rui sanai ba Idorai patenti vorid shudani hujjathoi zerin muqarrar karda meshavad:

– arznoma baroi dodani hujjati muhofizati;

– tavsifnomai ikhtiro;

– naqshaho, agar onho dar tavsifnoma zikr shuda boshand.

Agar hujjathoi nombarshuda dar yak ruz vorid nashuda boshand, sanai voridshavii hujjati dertar rasida ba sifati sanai peshnihodi ariza qabul karda meshavad.

Dar holati vayron namudani talaboti moddai 12 hamin Qonun ariza peshnihodnashuda mahsub megardad.

 

Moddai 15. Tabdildihii apizaho

Arizadihandae, ki baroi dodani patent ba ikhtiro ariza dodaast, dar davomi se soli badi sanai peshnihodi in ariza huquq dorad baroi dodani nakhustpatent darkhost peshnihod namoyad.

To qabuli qarori ekspertizai peshaki, ki muvofiqi moddai 21 Qonuni mazkur guzaronida meshavad, ariza baroi dodani nakhustpatent metavonad ba ariza baroi dodani patent tabdil doda shavad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Dar surati ba amal barovardani in guna tabdilho avvaliyati arizai avvala nigoh doshta meshavad.

 

Moddai 16. Makhfi budani korguzori az rui ariza

Idorai patenti dar doirai korguzori az rui ariza to nashr shudani malumot dar borai on, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki dar in bora khohishiarizadihanda va yo ijozati uboshad, ba hej shakhse ijozati dastras namudani arizaro namedihad.

 

Bobi 5. AVVALIYATI IHTIRO

 

Moddai 17. SHarthoi muqarrar namudani avvaliyat

Avvaliyati ikhtiro az rui sanai ba Idorai patenti vorid shudani ariza  muqarrar karda meshavad.

Avvaliyati ikhtiro az rui sanai voridshavii mavodhoi ilovagi muqarrar shudanash mumkin ast, agar in mavodhoro arizadihanda to guzashtani muhlati semoha az sanai giriftani ogohinomai Idorai patenti dar borai imkonnopazirii baetiborgirii mavodhoi ilovagi binobar mohiyati ikhtiroi arzshudaro tagyirdihanda pindoshta shudanashon ba sifati arizai mustaqil peshnihod karda boshad.

Avvaliyat az rui sanai ba Idorai patenti peshnihod shudani arizai qablii in ikhtiroro manidodkunandai hamon yak arizadihanda muqarrar karda shudanash mumkin ast, agar ariza, ki az rui on in guna avvaliyat darkhost meshavad, na dertar az duvozdah mohi badi sanai peshnihodi arizai qabli vorid shuda boshad. Dar in hol arizai qabli bozkhondashuda hisobida meshavad.

Avvaliyat dar asosi yakchand arizai qabli, ki baroi har yaki onho sharthoi dar qismi seyumi hamin modda ovardashuda rioya megardand, metavonad muqarrar shavad.

Muqarrar namudani avvaliyat az rui sanai peshnihodi arizae, ki az ruion allakay avvaliyati barvaqttar darkhost shudaast, mumkin nest.

Avvaliyati ikhtiro az rui arizai judokardashuda az rui sanai peshnihodi arizai avvali hamon yak arizadihanda, ki dar on ikhtiro kushoda shudaast, muqarrar karda meshavad, agar arizai judokardashuda ba Idorai patenti to az rui arizai nakhustin qabul shudani qaror dar borai raddi dodani hujjati muhofizati, ki imkoniyati shikoyat az boloi on az dast raftaast va dar holati mavjudiyati qaror dar borai ba arizai zikrshuda dodani hujjati muhofizati – to ruzi baqaydgirii ikhtiro dar Fehristi davlatii ikhtiroot vorid shuda boshad.

Agar dar rafti ekspertizai muqarrar karda shavad, ki ikhtirooti hammonand sanai yakkhelai avvaliyat dorand, pas hujjati muhofizati az rui arizae  doda meshavad, ki peshtar firistoda shudani on ba Idorai patenti isbot shudaast, dar holati muvofiqat kardani in sanaho boshad — az rui arizae, ki raqami baqaydgirii peshtar dodashudai Idorai patentiro dorad, agar sozishnomai bayni arizadihandagon holati digarero dar nazar nadoshta boshad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

 

Moddai 18. Avvaliyati sozishnomavi

Avvaliyati ikhtiro az rui sanai dar davlati ishtirokchii Sozishnomai Parij oid ba hifzi molikiyati sanoati peshnihod shudani arizai yakum baroi in ikhtiro muqarrar shudanash mumkin ast, agar ariza ba Idorai patenti dar davomi duvozdah mohi badi sanai zikrshuda vorid shuda boshad (avvaliyati sozishnomavi). Agar binobar holathoi novobasta ba arizadihanda ariza bo darkhosti avvaliyati sozishnomavi dar muhlati zikrgardida  peshnihod nashuda boshad, in muhlat bo darkhosti arizadihanda ba muddati na ziyoda az se moh daroz karda shudanash mumkin ast.

Arizadihandae, ki az huquqi avvaliyati sozishnomavi istifoda burdan mekhohad, boyad in khohishashro hangomi peshnihodi ariza va yo dar davomi du mohi badi sanai ba Idorai patenti peshnihodshavii ariza izhor namoyad va nuskhai arizai yakumro zamima kunad va yo onro na dertar az se mohi badi sanai  peshnihod kardani ariza ba Idorai patenti firistonad.

 

Bobi 6. Ekspertizai ARIZA

 

Moddai 19.  Ekspertizai rasmii ariza

Idorai patenti badi guzashtani se moh az sanai peshnihodi ariza   az rui on ekspertizai  rasmi meguzaronad. Muvofiqi darkhosti khattii arizadihanda ekspertizai rasmi to guzashtani muhlati zikrshuda ogoz shuda metavonad. Dar in hol arizadihanda az lahzai peshnihod kardani darkhost az huquqi be pardokhti boj bo tashabbusi khud isloh va saheh kardani hujjatho, ki moddai 13 hamin Qonun peshbini namudaast, mahrum megardad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Dar rafti guzaronidani ekspertizai rasmii ariza  muvofiqi moddahoi 11 va 12 hamin Qonun mavjud budani hujjathoi zaruri va rioyai talaboti nisbati onho muqarrarshuda sanjida shuda, masala dar borai on, kipeshnihodi arzshuda ba obekthoi dar qismhoi 6, 7  va 8moddai 6 hamin Qonun zikrgardida dakhl dorad yo ne, barrasi meshavad. .(QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Inchunin sanjida meshavad, ki peshnihodi arzshuda zeri sharthoi dar qismi seyumi moddai 5 hamin Qonun zikrshuda qaror nadoshta boshad.

Agar arizadihanda muvofiqi moddai 13 hamin Qonun az rui ariza mavodhoi ilovagi peshnihod namoyad, dar rafti ekspertiza  mohiyati ikhtiroi peshnihodshudaro tagyir nadodani onho sanjida meshavad.

Mavodhoi ilovagi mohiyati ikhtiroi peshnihodshudaro tagyir medihand, agar onho alomathoi ba formulai ikhtiro dokhil shudanashon zarur va dar mavodhoi peshinai ariza nabudaro darbar girand. Mavodhoi ilovagi dar qismi tagyirdihandai mohiyati ikhtiroi peshnihodshuda hangomi barrasii ariza ba etibor girifta nameshavand va az jonibi arizadihanda ba sifati arizai mustaqil  ba rasmiyat darovarda shudanashon mumkin ast.

Agar ariza bo rioyai hamai talaboti muqarrarshuda peshnihod shuda boshad, arizadihanda dar borai natijai musbii ekspertizai  rasmi khabardor karda meshavad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Az rui arizae, ki bo vayron kardani talabot ba hujjathoi on peshnihod shudaast, ba arizadihanda darkhost firistoda meshavad, ki dar davomi du mohi az ruzi giriftanion hujjathoi islohshudava yo namerasidaro peshnihod namoyad. Agar arizadihanda mavodhoi darkhostshuda va yo iltimosnomaro dar borai daroz kardani muhlati muqarrarshuda dar muhlati zikrgardida peshnihod nakunad, ariza bozkhondashuda hisob karda meshavad.

Az rui arizai bo vayron namudani talaboti yagonagii ikhtiro peshnihodshudabaarizadihanda peshnihod karda meshavad, ki dar davomi du mohi badi sanai giriftani ogohinomai dakhldor Idorai patentiro dar borai on, ki kadome az peshnihodhoi arizadihanda boyad barrasi shavand, khabardor kunad va dar holati zaruri ba hujjathoi ariza tasheh darorad. Baroi peshnihodoti digari ba mavodhoi arizai nakhustin dokhilshuda arizadihanda huquqi ba rasmiyat darovardan va peshnihod kardani arizahoi judokardashudaro dorad.

Agar arizadihanda dar davomi du mohi badi firistodani ogohinoma dar borai vayron shudani talaboti yagonagii ikhtiro ba Idorai patenti dar borai on, ki kadome az peshnihodhoyash boyad barrasi shavand, khabar nadihad va hujjathoi tashehshudaro peshkash nakunad, peshnihodi avvalini dar formula nishondodashuda, hamchunin peshnihodhoi digare, ki bo on goyai yagonai ikhtirokoriro tashkil mekunand, agar chunin peshnihodho mavjud boshand, barrasi meshavad.

Arizadihanda hangomi bo qarori ekspertizai  norozi budanash huquq dorad, ki dar muddati se mohi badi sanai barovardani qaror ba SHuroi shikoyati etiroz peshnihod namoyad. Etiroz boyad dar davomi du moh barrasi shavad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

 

Moddai 20. Ekspertizai mohiyatii ariza

Idorai patenti muvofiqi darkhosti arizadihanda (va yo shakhsoni seyum), ki metavonad har vaqt dar davomi se soli bad azsanai peshnihodi ariza baroi giriftani patent  baroi ikhtiro peshnihod gardad, hamchunin bo darkhosti dorandai nakhustpatent, ki dar davomi muhlati amali on doda shudanash mumkin ast, ekspertizai mohiyatii arizaro meguzaronad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Agar darkhost dar borai guzaronidani  ekspertizai mohiyati dar muddati se sol peshnihod karda nashavad, ariza baroi ikhtiro, ki az rui on nakhustpatent darkhost nashudaast, bozkhondshuda hisob karda meshavad.

Dar rafti ekspertizai mohiyatii ariza, ki hangomi guzaronidani on justujui ittilooti bo maqsadi muayyan namudani sathi tekhnika ba amal barovarda meshavad, avvaliyati ikhtiro muqarrar karda shuda, sharthoi patentpazirii ikhtiro, ki dar moddai 6 hamin Qonun muayyan gardidaand, sanjida meshavand.

Idorai patenti hangomi guzaronidani sanjishi mohiyatii ariza huquq dorad az arizadihanda mavodhoi ilovagi, az jumla formulai tagyirdodashudai ikhtiroro darkhost namoyad. Mavodhoi ilovagi az rui darkhosti ekspertizai boyad dar davomi du mohi badi sanai darkhostro giriftani arizadihanda be tagyir dodani mohiyati ikhtiro peshnihod karda shavand. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Ba mavodhoi ilovagi dar qismi tagyirdihandai mohiyati ikhtiro tartibi muqarrarnamudai qismhoi chorum va panjumi moddai 19 hamin Qonun tatbiq karda meshavad.

Agar Idorai patenti dar natijai guzaronidani ekspertizai  mohiyatii ariza  muqarrar namoyad, ki peshnihodi arzshuda dar hajmi hifzi huquqii darkhostnamudai arizadihanda ba sharthoi patentpazirii ikhtiro, ki moddai 6 hamin Qonun  muayyan namudaast, muvofiqat mekunad, dar borai dodani patent qaror barovarda meshavad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Agar muqarrar karda shavad, ki ikhtiroi peshnihodshuda dar hajmi hifzi huquqii darkhostshuda ba sharthoi patentpaziri muvofiqat namekunad, dar borai rad shudani dodani patent qaror barovarda meshavad.

Arizadihanda huquq dorad bo mavodhoi dar darkhosti sanjish, dar qarori sanjish va yo hisoboti justuju nishondodashuda shinos gardad. Nuskhahoi mavodhoi patentii darkhostshudaro Idorai patenti dar davomi du mohi badi sanai giriftani darkhost ba arizadihanda mefiristad.

Arizadihanda dar surati norozi budanash bo qaror dar borai raddi dodani patent  huquq dorad, ki dar davomi se mohi badi sanai giriftani qaror ba SHuroi shikoyati etirozi dakhldorro peshnihod namoyad. SHuroi shikoyati etirozro boyad dar muddati shash mohi badi sanai vorid shudani on barrasi namoyad.

Agar arizadihanda bo qarori SHuroi shikoyati rozi naboshad, metavonad dar muddati shash mohi badi sanai giriftani qaror ba sud murojiat namoyad.

Muhlathoi peshnihodkunii mavodho az rui darkhosti sanjish va peshnihod kardani etirozro ba SHuroi shikoyati, ki arizadihanda onhoro guzaronidaast, Idorai patenti metavonad az rui darkhosti arizadihanda, ki na dertar az duvozdah mohi badi ba okhir rasidani muhlati guzaronidashuda peshnihod gardidaast, dar surati tasdiq shudani sababhoi uzrnoki rioya nashudani muhlatho va pardokhta shudani boji dakhldor barqaror namoyad.

 

Moddai 21. Ekspertizai peshakii ariza baroi dodani nakhustpatent

Ekspertizai peshakii ariza baroi dodani nakhustpatent badi bo natijai musbi ba anjom rasidani sanjishi rasmi guzaronida meshavad.

Dar rafti guzaronidani ekspertizai  peshaki avvaliyati ikhtiro muqarrarkarda shuda, muvofiq budani on ba sharthoi navi va qobili tatbiq budan  sanjida meshavad.

Sanjidani muvofiqati ikhtiroi peshnihodshuda ba talaboti navii sathi tekhnika tanho inhoro dar bar megirad: (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1372)

– hammonandho va peshnamunahoi ikhtiro, ki arizadihanda dar mavodhoi ariza ovardaast;

– arizahoi bozkhondnashuda baroi ikhtiroot az tarafi shakhsoni digar peshtar dar Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihodshuda;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1372)

– ikhtirooti dar Jumhurii Tojikiston patentdorshuda, modelhoi sudmandi baqaydgiriftashuda va digar sarchashmahoi ittilootii dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston dastrasi umumibuda.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1372)

Idorai patenti hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai peshaki huquq dorad az arizadihanda mavodhoi ilovagi, az jumla formulai tagyirdodashudai ikhtiroro darkhost namoyad. Mavodhoi ilovagie, ki sanjish taqozo mekunad, boyad dar davomi du mohi badi sanai giriftani darkhost peshnihod karda shavand.

Baroi mavodhoi ilovagi dar qismi tagyirdihandai mohiyati ikhtiro tartibi dar qismhoi chorum va panjumi moddai 19 hamin Qonun muqarrarshuda tatbiq karda meshavad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Agar dar natijai guzaronidani ekpertizai peshaki muqarrar karda shavad, ki peshnihodi arzshuda dar hajmi hifzi huquqii darkhostkardashudaba sharti navii ikhtiro, ki bo nazardoshti qismi seyumi hamin modda muayyan shudaast va sharti qobili tatbiq budan, ki onro moddai 6 Qonuni mazkur muayyan namudaast, muvofiqat mekunad, dar borai dodani nakhustpatent qaror barovarda meshavad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Nakhustpatent ba masuliyati arizadihanda doda meshavad.

Dar holati ba sharthoi patentpaziri nomuvofiq budani ikhtiroipeshnihodshuda qaror dar borai rad shudani dodani nakhustpatent barovarda meshavad.

Arizadihanda huquq dorad bo mavodhoi dar darkhosti ekspertiza, qarori ekspertiza va yo hisobot dar borai justuju ovardashuda shinos shavad. Nuskhahoi mavodhoi patentii arizadihanda darkhostnamudaro Idorai patenti ba  u dar davomi du mohi badi sanai giriftani darkhost mefiristad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Arizadihanda dar surati rozi nabudanash bo qaror dar borai raddi dodani nakhustpatent huquq dorad, ki dar davomi se mohi badi sanai firistodani qaror ba SHuroi shikoyati etiroz peshnihod namoyad. SHuroi shikoyati etirozro boyad dar muddati shash mohi badi sanai vorid shudani on barrasi namoyad. Agar arizadihanda bo qarori SHuroi shikoyati rozi naboshad, u metavonad dar muddati shash mohi badi sanai firistodani qaror ba sud murojiat namoyad.

Muhlathoi peshnihodkunii mavodhoro az rui darkhosti ekspertizai  va peshnihod kardani etirozro ba SHuroi shikoyati, ki arizadihanda onhoro guzaronidaast, Idorai patenti metavonad az rui darkhosti arizadihanda, ki na dertar az duvozdah mohi badi ba okhir rasidani muhlati guzaronidashuda peshnihod gardidaast, dar surati tasdiq shudani sababhoi uzrnoki rioya nashudani muhlatho va pardokhta shudani boji dakhldor barqaror namoyad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

 

Moddai 22. Bozkhondi ariza

Arizadihanda huquq dorad to nashri malumot dar borai ariza, ammo na dertar az sanai dar Fehristi davlatii ikhtirooti Jumhurii Tojikiston ba qayd girifta shudani on  arizaro bozpas girad.

 

Moddai 23. Nashri malumot oid ba ariza va dodani hujjati muhofizati

Malumot oid ba ariza va hujjati muhofizati dar khabarnomai rasmi nashr karda meshavad. Purragii malumoti intishorshavandaro Idorai patenti muayyan mekunad.

Malumot oid ba ariza, ki ekspertizai rasmiro bo natijai musbi guzashtaast, badi guzashtani 18 moh az sanai peshnihodi ariza nashr meshavad. Bo darkhosti arizadihanda va dar surati supurda shudani pardokhti korbarii dakhldor malumot oid ba ariza mumkin ast az muhlati mazkur peshtar chop karda shavad.

Idorai patenti dar muddati shash mohi badi sanai qabul karda shudani qaror dar borai dodani hujjati muhofizati dar khabarnomai rasmi malumotro dar borai hujjati muhofizatii dodashuda nashr mekunad.

Malumoti nashrshuda boyad nomi muallif(on) (bo rozigii onho) va doranda(gon)- i patent (nakhustpatent), nom va formulai ikhtiroro dar bar girad.

 

BOBI 7. DODANI HIFZI HUQUQI

 

Moddai 24. Hifzi huquqii muvaqqatii  ikhtiro

Ba ikhtiroi peshnihodshuda az sanai nashri malumot dar borai ariza to sanai nashri malumot dar borai dodani hujjati muhofizati dar hajmi formulai nashrshuda hifzi huquqii muvaqqati doda meshavad.

Ba ikhtiroe, ki dar namoishgohi rasmi va rasman shinokhtashudai baynalmilali ba namoish guzoshta shudaast, az sanai dar namoishgoh joygir kunonidani on to sanai nashri avvalini malumot oid ba dodani hujjati muhofizatiba sharte, ki ariza baroi in ikhtiro na dertar az shash mohi badi sanai dar namoishgoh joygir kunonidani on ba Idorai patenti peshnihod karda shuda boshad, hifzi huquqii muvaqqati doda meshavad.

Hifzi huquqii muvaqqati faronorasida hisob karda meshavad, agar qaror dar borai nadodani hujjati muhofizati qabul shuda, imkoniyati shikoyat az rui in qaror az dast rafta boshad.

Dorandai patent bad az giriftani hujjati muhofizati huquq dorad az shakhse, ki ikhtiroi peshnihodshudaro dar davrai amali hifzi huquqii muvaqqatii on istifoda namudaast, dodani jubronpulii munosibro talab namoyad.

Muqarraroti qismi chorumi hamin modda az ruze, ki arizadihanda shakhsi az ikhtiro istifodaburdaro dar borai peshnihod shudani ariza baroi in ikhtiro ogohonidaast, tatbiq megardand, agar in sana az sanai nashri malumot dar borai ariza peshtar faro rasida boshad.

 

Moddai 25. Baqaydgirii ikhtiro va dodani hujjati muhofizati

Idorai patenti dar davomi se mohi badi sanai giriftani hujjatho dar borai pardokhta shudani boj baroi baqaydgiri va dodani hujjati muhofizatiikhtiroro ba Fehristhoi davlatii ikhtiroot dokhil mekunad va ba dorandai patent hujjati muhofizati medihad.

Dar holati mavjud budani yakchand shakhs, ki ba nomashon hujjati muhofizati darkhost karda meshavad, ba onho yak patent va yo nakhustpatent doda meshavad. Idorai patenti ba muallif (muallifon)-i ikhtiro, ki dorandai patent nestand, shahodatnomai rasmii tasdiqkunandai muallif budani onhoro medihad.

Hangomi muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarshuda peshnihod  nashudani hujjate, ki pardokhtani bojro baroi baqaydgiri va dodani hujjati muhofizati tasdiq mekunad, baqaydgirii ikhtiro va dodani hujjati muhofizati ba amal barovarda nameshavad, arizai dakhldor bozkhondshuda hisobida meshavad.

Mundarijai malumotero, ki ba Fehristhoi davlati dokhil karda meshavand, namudi patent, nakhustpatent va nomgui malumoti dar onho darjshavandaro Idorai patenti muayyan mekunad.

 

Bobi 8. HUQUQI ISTISNOII ISTIFODAI IHTIRO

 

Moddai 26. Huquqhoi dorandai patent

Huquqi istisnoii istifodai ikhtiroi bo patent yo bo nakhustpatent hifzshavanda, az jumla, huquqi sokhtan, tatbiq, namudan, vorid kardan, furukhtan, bo rohi digar ba gardishi hojagidori darovardan va yo bo in maqsad nigoh doshtani mahsulote, ki ikhtiroi bo patent yo bo nakhustpatent hifzshavandaro dar bar megirad, huquqi tatbiq namudani tarzi bo patent va yo bo nakhustpatent hifzshavanda, inchunin huquqi mani istifoda shudani ikhtiroi nombarshuda az jonibi shakhsoni digar, gayr az holathoe, ki inguna istifodabari muvofiqi hamin Qonun vayron namudani huquqi istisnoii dorandai patent mahsub namegardad, ba dorandai patent taalluq dorad.

Mahsulot darbargirandai ikhtiroi bo patent va yo bo nakhustpatent hifzshavanda etirof meshavad va tarzi bo patent va yo bo nakhustpatent hifzshavanda boshad, tatbiqyofta hisob karda meshavad, agar har yak alomati ikhtiro, ki dar bandi alohidai formula ovarda shudaast va yo alomati ba on ekvivalent, ki to sanai ogozi istifodai ikhtiro ba chunin sifat dar sohai mazkuri tekhnika malum ast, dar mahsulot mavjud boshad va dar tarz istifoda shuda boshad.

Ba gardishi khojagidori vorid namudan yo bo in maqsad nigoh doshtani mahsulote, ki bo istifodai bevositai tarzi patentnokshudai hosil kardani mahsulot istehsol shudast, niz istifodai ikhtiroi bo patent yo bo nakhustpatent hifzshavanda hisob megardad.

Tayyor namudani namunai tajribavii vositae, ki ikhtiroro dar bar megirad, inchunin sanjishi tajribavi va ozmoishi on istifodai ikhtiro mahsub nameshavad.

Munosibathoi tarafhoro oid ba istifodai ikhtiroe, ki hujjati muhofizati ba on ba yakchand shakhs taalluq dorad, sozishnomai bayni onho muayyan mekunad. Hangomi nabudani chunin sozishnoma har yak dorandai hujjati muhofizati ikhtiroi hifzshavandaro muvofiqi salohdidi khud istifoda burda metavonad, vale be rozigii dorandagoni digari patenti mazkur huquqi ba shakhsi digar dodani ijozatnoma va yo voguzor kardani huquqi istisnoiro (guzasht kardani patentro) nadorad.

Sohibi patent metavonad alomati ogohkunandaero,ki doroi patent yo nakhustpatent budani ikhtiroi istifodashavandaro nishon medihad, istifoda barad.

Patent, nakhustpatent ba ikhtiro va huquqi giriftani onho ba meros memonad.

Dorandai patent huquq dorad huquqi istisnoiyashro ba har kadom shakhsi voqei yo huquqi voguzor kunad (guzasht kardani patent). SHartnoma dar borai voguzor kardani huquqi istisnoi boyad dar Idorai patenti ba qayd girifta shavad va be chunin baqaydgiri on beetibor donista meshavad.

Agar dorandai patent ikhtiroi huquqi istisnoidoshtaro, be vayron namudani huquqhoi dorandai patenti digar (patenti yakum), ki bastani  shartnomai ijozatnomaviro bo sharthoi mutobiqatkunandai bastani shartnomai ijozatnomaviro bo sharthoi mutobiqatkunandai amaliyai muqarargardida rad namudaast, istifoda burda natavonad, huquq dorad ba sud bo arizai davogi jihati ba u dodani ijozatnomai majburi (tibqi moddai 28 hamin Qonun) baroi istifodai ikhtiroi mazkur dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston murojiat namoyad. Dar arizai davogi boyad sharthoi ba dorandai patenti duyum dodani chunin ijozatnoma, az jumla hajmi istifodai ikhtiro, andoza, tartib va muhlati pardokhthonishon doda shavad. Agar dorandai patenti duyum, isbot namoyad, ki ikhtiroi u dastovardi muhimi tekhniki buda, az ikhtiroi dorandai patenti yakum afzaliyati komili iqtisodi dorad, sud dar borai dodani ijojzatnomai majburi qaror mebarorad. Huquqi istifodai ikhtiro, ki tibqi chunin ijozatnoma ba dast ovarda meshavad, ba istisnoi holati musodirai patenti duyumi shaskh doda nameshavad. Dar surati dodani ijozatnomai majburi tibqi qoidahoi mazkur dorandai patenti yakum huquq dorad bo sharthoi mutobiqatkunandai amaliyai muqarrgardida ijozatnomai gayriistisnoiro jihati istifodai ikhtiroi vobasta ba dast darorad. (QJT az 03.07.2012., №857)

 

Moddai 27. Dodani huquq  baroi istifodai ikhtiro

Har kadom shakhse, ki dorandai patent nest, ba istifodai ikhtiroi bo hujjati muhofizati hifzshuda tanho bo ijozati dorandai patent, dar asosi shartnoma oid ba dodani ijozatnoma (litsenziya) huquq dorad.

Muvofiqi chunin shartnoma dorandai patent (ijozatnomadeh) uhdador meshavad, ki huquqro baroi istifodai ikhtiroi hifzshuda dar hajmi dar shartnoma peshbinishuda ba shakhsi digar (ijozatnomagir), ki u uhdadorii ijro namudani hamai amalhoi dar shartnoma peshbinishudaro ba zimmai khud megirad, dihad.

Dar holati peshnihodi ijozatnomai istisnoi huquqi istisnoii istifodai ikhtiro dar hududi dar shartnoma zikrshuda ba ijozatnomagir meguzarad. Huquqi istifodai qismi ba ijozatnomagir dodanashavandai ikhtiro dar jonibi ijozatnomadeh memonad.

Ijozatnomadeh dar holati ijozatnomai gayriistisnoi ba ijozatnomagir huquqi istifodai ikhtiroro doda istoda, hamai huquqhoero, ki hujjati muhofizati tasdiq mekunad, az jumla, huquqi ba shakhsoni seyum dodani ijozatnomahoro nigoh medorad.

SHartnomai oid ba dodani ijozatnoma boyad hatman dar Idorai patenti ba qayd girifta shavad va be chunin baqaydgiri beetibor donista meshavad.

Dorandai patent metavonad ba Idorai patenti dar borai ba har kadom shakhs doda shudani huquq baroi istifodai ikhtiro (ijozatnomai kushoda) darkhost dihad. Dar in holat andozai boj baroi nigoh doshtani etibori hujjati muhofizati az soli badi nashri malumot oid ba mavjudiyati chunin darkhost 50 foiz kam karda meshavad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Dar holati bozkhondi ijozatnomai kushoda az tarafi dorandai patent boj baroi nigoh doshtani etibori hujjati muhofizati dar davomi vaqti amali ijozatnomai kushoda pardokhta nashuda, minbad in boj ba andozai purraash pardokhta meshavad.

SHakhse, ki khohishi giriftani ijozatnomai kushodaro dorad, boyad bo dorandai patent dar borai pardokhtho shartnoma bandad. Bahshoi marbut ba bastani chunin shartnoma dar sud barrasi meshavand.

Amalii Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ijozatnotmadihi ba baze namudhoi faoliyat» baroi dodani chunin namudi ijozatnoma (litsenziya) tatbiq  namegagdad. (QJT az 03.07.2012s., №857)

 

Moddai 28. Ijozatnomai majburi

Dorandai patent vazifador ast, ki ikhtiroro istifoda barad. Hangomi dar davomi panj soli badi ruzi nashri malumot oid ba dodani hujjati muhofizati az tarafi dorandai patent istifoda nashudan va yo ba darajai zaruri istifoda nashudani ikhtiro, shakhsi hohishi istifodai ikhtiroro doshta va ba in omodabuda, dar holati bo sharthoi muvofiq ba amaliyai muqarrargardida az imzoi shartnoma oid ba dodani ijozatnoma sarkashi namudani dorandai patent, metavonad ba sud bo arizai davogi dar borai ba vay dodani ijozatnomai majburi baroi istifodai ikhtiroi mazkur murojiat namoyad. (QJT az 03.07.2012s., №857)

Agar dorandai hujjati muhofizati isbot nakunad, ki istifoda naburdan va yo ba darajai zaruri istifoda naburdani ikhtiro sababhoi uzrnok dorad, sud dar borai dodani ijozatnomai majburi qaror mebarorad.

Hangomi qabuli qaror dar borai dodani ijozatnomai majburi sud boyad hududhoi istifodai ikhtiroero, ki hujjati muhofizatii on ba shakhsi digar taalluq dorad, dar hajme, ki baroi istifodai ikhtiroi patentnokshudai shakhsi digar (talabkunandai ijozatnomai majburi) zarur ast, inchunin andoza, muhlat va tartibi pardokhthoro muayyan namoyad.

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston ba manfiati bekhatarii milli, hamchunin dar mavridi holathoi  favqulodda (ofathoi tabii, falokatho, sadamahoi kalon), huquq dorad istifodai ikhtiroro ijozat dihad va ba dorandai patent jubronpulii munosibro pardozad. Dar in holat hajm va davomnokii istifodai ikhtiroi patentnokshuda bo maqsadhoe, ki mahz baroi rasidan ba onho ijozati istifodai ikhtiro doda meshavad, mahdud megardad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Ijozatnomai majburi ijozatnomai gayriistisnoi buda, ba shakhsi digar guzasht kardani on mumkin nest. Bahshoero, ki dar natijai chunin istifodabarii ikhtiro ba miyon meoyand, sud hal mekunad.

Ijozatnomai majburi boyad hatman dar Idorai patenti ba qayd girifta shavad va be baqaydgiri beetibor donista meshavad.

 

Moddai 29. Vayronkunii huquqi istisnoi

Har yak shakhsi voqei va yo huquqie, ki ikhtiroro khilofi Qonuni mazkur istifoda mebarad, vayronkunandai huquqi istisnoii dorandai patent (vayronkunandai hujjati muhofizati) hisobida meshavad. .(QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Dorandai patent huquq dorad talabhoi zerinro pesh guzorad:

– qat namudani vayronkunii hujjatimuhofizati;

– az shakhsi ba vayronkunii hujjatimuhofizati aybdorshuda sitonidani  jubroni zararhoe, ki rasonida shudaand, az jumla foidai az dast dodashuda va jubroni zarari manavi;

– ba joi jubroni zararho sitonidani daromadi ba dast ovardai vayronkunandai hujjati muhofizati;

– ba foidai khud musodira namudani mahsuloti ba gardishi khojagi darovardashuda vayo bo in maqsad nigohdoshtashuda, ki vayronkunandai hujjati muhofizati ba hisob meravad, inchunin musodirai vositahoi baroi vayron kardani hujjati muhofizati peshbinishuda;

– bo maqsadi barqaror namudani obrui korii khud dar nashriyahoi rasmii Idorai patenti nashr namudani qarori sud.

Ba vayronkunandai hujjati muhofizati dorandai ijozatnomai istisnoi, agar dar shartnoma oid ba dodani ijozatnoma holati digare peshbini nashuda boshad va yo dorandai ijozatnomai gayriistisnoi, agar in dar shartnoma peshbini shuda boshad, niz davo karda metavonad.

 

Moddai 30. Amalhoe ki vayronkunii huquqi istisnoi hisob nameshavand

Amalhoi zerin vayronkunii huquqi istisnoii dorandai patent hisob nameshavand:

– tatbiqi vasilahoi darbargirandai ikhtirooti bo patent yo bo nakhustpatent hifzshuda dar tarkib va yo hangomi istifodai vositahoi naqliyoti ruizamini, havoi va obii mamlakathoi digar, ba sharte ki vositahoi naqliyoti nombarshuda muvaqqatan va yo tasodufan dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror doshta boshandva baroiehtiyojoti naqliyot istifoda burda shavand va agar in vositahoi naqliyot ba shakhsoni voqei va yo huquqii mamlakathoe taalluq doshta boshand, ki onho niz ba sohiboni vositahoi naqliyoti Jumhurii Tojikiston hamin guna huquqhoro medihand;

– guzaronidani tadqiqoti ilmi va yo tajriba dar vositahoi ikhtirohoro darbargiranda;

– istifoda namudani vositahoe, ki ikhtirohoro dar bar megirand, hangomi ruy dodani hodisahoi favqulodda (ofathoi tabii, falokatho, sadamahoi kalon) bo sharti dar navbati avval qone namudani talaboti bozori dokhili, prardokhti chubroni andozai muvofiq va favran ogoh namudani dorandai patent; (QJT az 03.07.2012s., №857)

– istifoda namudani vositahoi ikhtirootro darbargiranda be ba dast ovardani foida;

– az rui dorunomahoi tabib yak marotiba tayyor namudani doruho dar dorukhonaho;

– istifodai vositahoe, ki ikhtirooti bo hujjati muhofizati hifzshudaro dar bar megirand, agar in vositaho bo rohi qonuni muvofiqi huquqhoi ba sohiboni patent dodashuda ba gardishi hojagidori darovarda shuda boshand.

Amalhoe, ki dar moddai mazkur peshbini shudaast, naboyad istifodai mutadili patentro beasos khalaldor sokhta manfiathoi qonuni dorandai patentro paymol kunand. (QJT az 03.07.2012s., №857)

 

Moddai 31. Huquqi istifodai peshina

Har kadom shakhsi voqei va huquqie, ki to sanai avvaliyati ikhtiro novobasta ba muallifi on dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston aynan hamon ikhtiroro ofarida, istifoda burda boshad va yo baroi istifodai on tayyorihoi zaruri dida boshad, huquqi minbad be vase kardani hajmi istehsolot roygon istifoda burdani ikhtiroro nigoh medorad (huquqi istifodai peshin).

Huquqi istifodai peshin mumkin ast ba shakhsi voqei va yo huquqi tanho yakjoya bo istehsolote, ki dar on istifodai ikhtiroi hammonand joy dosht va yo tayyorihoi zaruri baroi on dida shudaand, doda shavad.

 

Bobi 9. QAT NAMUDANI AMALI HUJJATI MUHOFIZATI

 

Moddai 32. Mavridi bahs qaror dodani hujjati muhofizati

Hujjatimuhofizati dar tamomi muddati amalash az jonibi har kadom shakhs dar holathoi zerin metavonad mavridi  bahs qaror doda  va yo purra yo qisman beetibor donista shavad:

– oshkor kardani nomuvofiqatii ikhtiro ba sharthoi patentpazirii dar moddai 6 hamin Qonun muqarrargardida;

– dar formulai ikhtiro mavjud budani alomathoe, ki dar mavodhoi nakhustini ariza nabudand;

– dar hujjatimuhofizati nodurustnishon doda shudani muallif(on) va yo doranda(gon)-i patent.

Etirozi ziddi dodani hujjati muhofizati tibqi asoshoi dar sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi yakumi hamin modda zikrshuda ba SHuroi shikoyati doda meshavad va boyad dar davomi shash mohi badi sanai vorid gardidani on barrasi shavad. Dar in surat dorandai patent boyad bo etiroz shinos karda shavad. Dar holati norozi budan bo qarori SHuroi shikoyati oid ba etiroze, ki dar asosi on hujjati muhofizati mavridi bahs qaror doda meshavad,  har kadom az tarafho metavonad dar muddati shash mohi badi sanai qabul karda shudani qaror ba sud murojiat namoyad.

 

Moddai 33. Pesh az muhlat qat namudani amali hujjati muhofizati

Amali hujjati muhofizati dar holathoi zerin pesh az muhlat qat karda meshavad:

– hangomi hujjati muhofizatiromuvofiqi moddai 31 hamin Qonun purra beetibor donistan;

– dar asosi arizai ba Idorai patenti dodai dorandai patent;

– hangomi dar muddati muqarrarshuda napardokhtani boji nigahdorii etibori hujjati muhofizati.

Idorai patenti dar khabarnomai rasmi malumotro dar borai pesh az muhlat qat gardidani amali hujjati muhofizati nashr menamoyad.

 

Moddai 34. Barqaror kardani amali hujjati muhofizati. Huquqi istifodai badi

Amali hujjati muhofizati, ki az rui asosi dar sarkhati seyumi qismi yakumi moddai 33 hamin Qonun zikrshuda qat gardidaast, az rui darkhosti dorandai patent dar davomi se soli badi sanai ba okhir rasidani muhlati pardokhti boji nigahdorii etibori hujjati muhofizati dar surati mavjud budani sababhoi uzrnok va peshnihod kardani hujjat dar borai pardokhta shudani boji barqarorkunii amali patent mumkin ast barqaror karda shavad. (QJT az 03.07.2012s., №857)

 

Idorai patenti dar khabarnomai rasmi malumotro oid ba barqaror karda shudani amali hujjati muhofizati nashr mekunad.

Har kadom shakhse, ki dar davrai bayni sanai qat gardidan va sanai barqaror karda shudani amali hujjati muhofizati dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba istifodai ikhtiroi hifzshavanda cap kardaast va yo baroi on tayyorii zaruri didaast, huquqi minbad be vase kardani hajm (huquqi istifodai badi) roygon istifoda namudani onro nigoh medorad.

Huquqi istifodai badi mumkin ast ba shakhsi digar tanho yakjoya bo istehsolote, ki dar on istifodai ikhtiro joy dosht va yo baroi on tayyorii zaruri dida shuda bud, doda shavad.

 

BOBI 10. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 35. Huquqho va imtiyozhoi ilovagii muallifon

Muallif dar rafti barrasii arznoma to dar Fehristi davlatii ikhtiroho ba qayd girifta shudani on huquqi ba ikhtiro dodani nomi khud va yo nomi makhsusro dorad.

Muallif huquq dorad dar asosi shartnoma dar kori ba istifodabari omodasozii ikhtiro ishtirok namoyad.

Muallifoni ikhtirooti muhimtarinu nodir va vase istifodashavanda mumkin ast ba giriftani unvoni fakhrii «Arbobi ilm va tekhnikai Tojikiston» peshbari shavand.

 

Moddai 36. Havasmandkunii davlatii ofaridan va istifodai ikhtiroot

Masalahoi havasmandkunii ofaridan va istifodai ikhtiroot bo tartib va sharthoe hal karda meshavand, ki onhoro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 37. Barrasii bahsho

Bahshoi marbut ba vayron karda shudani hifzi huquqii ikhtirootro SHuroi shikoyati dar doirai salohiyati khud barrasi menamoyad.

Har kadome az tarafho hangomi bo qarori SHuroi shikoyatirozi nabudan huquq dorad, ki ba sud murojiat kunad.

Dar holati dar masalahoi tatbiqi muqarraroti hamin Qonun ba miyon omadani bahs bo khohishi har kadom az tarafhoi dar bahs ishtirokkunanda SHuroi shikoyati baroi tanzim namudani bahsho hamchun miyonarav baromad mekunad.

Sudho muvofiqi salohiyatashon bahshoi zerinro barrasi menamoyand:

– dar borai muallifi ba ikhtiro;

– dar borai dodani hujjati muhofizati;

– dar borai muqarrar namudani dorandaipatent;

– dar borai dodani ijozatnomai majburi;

– dar borai vayron karda shudani huquqi istisnoii istifodai ikhtiro va huquqhoi digari molumulkii dorandai patent;

– dar borai bastan va ba ijro rasonidani shartnomaho oid ba dodani huquqi istifodai ikhtiroot;

– dar borai huquqi istifodai  peshin va badi;

– dar borai muvofiqi shartnoma ba muallif mukofotpuli dodani korfarmo, ki onro moddai 10 hamin Qonun peshbini namudaast;

– bahshoi digare, ki bo hifzi huquqho aloqamandi dorand.

 

Moddai 38. Javobgari  baroi vayron namudani huquqhoi muallifon

Az khud namudani muallifi, baroi hammuallif shudan majbur kardan, gayriqonuni pahn namudani malumot dar borai ikhtiro tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tochikiston boisi javobgari megardad.

 

Moddai 39. Boj va pardokhthoi korbari

Baroi peshnihodi ariza, dar borai dodani hujjati muhofizati, baroi dodani hujjati muhofizati   baroi nigoh doshtani etibori on, baroi daroz kardan va barqaror namudani muhlathoi guzaronidashuda, inchunin baroi ijroi digar amalhoi ahamiyati huquqi doshta, ki bo nakhustpatentho va patentho baroi ikhtiro aloqamandand, boj sitonida meshavand. Nomgui purrai amalhoe,ki baroi ijroyashon boj sitonida meshavand, andoza va muhlathoi pardokhti onho, inchunin asosho baroi ozod namudan az pardokht, kam kardani andoza va yo bozgardondani boj tibqi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad. .(QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza, baroi ba mavodhoi ariza ba ikhtiro dokhil namudani islohot va tasheh, baroi nashri malumot dar borai arizaho va hujjathoi muhofizatii dodashuda, baroi dar SHuroi shikoyati barrasi kardani etirozho, hamchunin baroi ijro namudani amalhoi digari ahamiyati huquqi doshtai marbut bo sanjishi ariza  az tarafi Idorai patenti pardokhthoi korbari sitonida meshavand. Nomgui purrai amalhoe, ki baroi ijroyashon pardokhthoi korbari sitonida meshavand, tartib, andoza va muhlati pardokhti onho, hamchunin sharthoi bargardonidani pardokhthoi korbariro Idorai patenti muayyan menamoyad va Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq  mekunad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

Boj va pardokhthoi korbariro arizadihanda, dorandai patent va yo bo rozigii onho har kadom shakhsi voqei va yo huquqi suporida metavonand.

 

Moddai 40. Dar mamlakathoi khoriji patentdor kardani ikhtiroot

Dar mamlakathoi khoriji patentdor kardani ikhtirooti dar Jumhurii Tojikiston ofaridashuda az tarafi shakhsoni voqei va huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston badi se moh az sanai ba Idorai patenti peshnihod shudani ariza baroi on ikhtiro ba amal barovarda meshavad. Dar in hol arizadihanda boyad dar borai niyati dar mamlakathoi khoriji patentdor kardani ikhtiro khabar dihad.

Dar holathoi zaruri Idorai patenti metavonad peshtar az muhlati zikrgardida ba patentdor namudani ikhtiro dar mamlakathoi khoriji ijozat dihad, vale in amal tanho badi ba okhir rasidani ekspertizae, ki  bo maqsadi muayyan namudani mavjudiyati malumoti sirri davlatiro darbargiranda dar ariza baroi ikhtiroot guzaronida meshavad, surat megirad. (QJT az 19.03.13s. №956)

 

Moddai 41. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                       E.Rahmonov

 

sh. Dushanbe 

28 fevrali soli 2004

№ 17

 

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

sheri-padar

SHer dar borai kudaki

Tifliyu shashsolagi dar yodi man. CHashm pusham volidon dar khobi man. SHash soli umri man …