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Ikhtirooti makhfi

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai ikhtirooti makhfI

Qonuni mazkur munosibathoi molumulki va shakhsii gayrimolumulkii ba onho aloqamandro, ki binobar ofaridan, hifzi huquqy va istifodabarii ikhtirooti makhfi dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba miyon meoyand, tanzim mekunad.

 Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

barq-mexanika-ixtiroot

  Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

ariza – majmui hujjathoi bo Qonuni mazkur muqarrarshuda, ki baroi giriftani hujjati muhofizaty ba Idorai patenty peshnihod karda meshavand;

ikhtiroot va kashfiyothoi makhfi – ikhtiroote meboshand, ki doroi malumoti sirri davlaty buda, tibqi tartibi muqarrarshudai Qonuni mazkur makhfy donista shudaand;

obekthoi makhfii molikiyati sanoati – ikhtiroot, namunahoi sanoaty va modelhoi sudmandi doroi malumoti sirri davlati, ki mahsuli faoliYAti zehnii inson meboshand;

sharthoi patentpaziri – sharthoi bo Qonuni mazkur muqarrarshudai peshnihodi hifzi huquqii ikhtiro;

hammonandi ikhtiroot – obekte, ki tainotash bo tainoti ikhtiro yak buda, majmui alomathoi on ba majmui alomathoi asosii ikhtiro monand ast;

hujjathoi mukhofizaty – patentho va nakhustpatenthoe, ki baroi ikhtirooti makhfy tibqi Qonuni mazkur doda meshavand;

sathi tekhnika – majmui malumote meboshad, ki to sanai avvaliyati ikhtiroot dar jahon qobili dastrasii umum gardidaast.

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ikhtirooti makhfy

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ikhtirooti makhfy ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 3. Maqomi vakolatdori davlati oid ba hifzi ikhtiroot va kashfiyothoi makhfi

Maqomi davlaty oid ba hifzi ikhtiroot va kashfiyothoi makhfi (minbad – Idorai patenta), ki az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad, amaligardonii siyosati yagonai davlatiro dar sohai hifzi huquqii in ikhtiroot va kashfiyothoi makhfi tamin namuda, arizahoro oid ba ikhtiroot va kashfiyothoi makhfy qabul mekunad, az rui onho sanjish meguzaronad, baqaydgirii davlatii ikhtiroot va kashfiyothoi makhfiro ba jo ovarda, hujjathoi muhofizati medihad, inchunin digar vazifahoro, ki muvofiqi hujjatkhoi tasisii Idorai patenta peshbiny shudaand, amali mesozad.

Moddai 4. Makhfigardonii ikhtirooti doroi sirri davlaty

  1. Idorai patenty dar holati peshnihodi ariza jihati giriftani hujjati muhofizati ba ikhtiroot, ki dar asosi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» surat megirad, korro baroi oshkor kardani malumoti doroi sirri davlati va makhfy gardonidani darkhosthoi in guna malumotro darbargiranda, tashkil menamoyad. Qoidahoi tartibdihy, peshnihod va barrasii ariza baroi giriftani patent ba ikhtirooti makhfy az tarafi Idorai patenty muayyan karda meshavand.
  2. Vazoratho, kumitahoi davlaty va idorahoi mamuri (minbad-maqomoti davlati) baroi malumoti makhfishavandai khud huquq dorand ikhtirootero, ki doroi sirri davlaty meboshad, makhfy gardonand va tavassuti maqomi nizomi makhfiyati khud ba Idorai patenty bo ariza jihati guzoshtani muhri makhfiyati dakhldor ba onho peshnihod namoyand.
  3. Idorai patenty arizahoero, ki oid ba makhfigardonii ikhtiroot az tarafi shakhsoni mutobiqi moddai 7 Qonuni mazkur (minbad-arizadihandagon) muqarrarshuda peshnihod gardidaand, tariqi nizomi makhfiyati maqomi marbuta va dar surati nabudani chunin sharoit -bevosita az rui tartibi muqarrarkardai Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» va Qonuni mazkur baroi barrasy qabul menamoyad.
  4. Tartibi  makhfigardonii  arizahoi  doroi  sirri  davlaty, muqarrar namudani darajai makhfiyat, hamchunin muhlati az nav dida baromadani onhoro maqomoti davlatii az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston mutobiqi muqarraroti Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai sirri davlaty» va Qonuni mazkur muayyanshavanda amaly megardonad.

Moddai 5. Huquq ba ikhtirooti makhfy va istifodabarii on

  1. Huquq ba ikhtirooti makhfy va istifodabarii on tibqi Qonuni mazkur, Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai sirri davlaty» vadigar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston hifz karda meshavad.
  2. Huquq ba ikhtirooti makhfy va istifodabarii on dar tamomi muhlati makhfigardonidashuda ba Jumhurii Tojikiston, dar shakhsi maqomoti davlatii onro makhfigardonida, taalluq dorad. Istifodabarii ikhtirooti makhfy boyad bo rioyai nizomi makhfiyat baroi malumoti doroi sirri davlaty tibqi talaboti Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai sirri davlaty» amaly gardad.
  3. Istifodabarii ikhtirooti makhfiro az tarafi shakhsoni digar, agar on ba manfiati davlat boshad, maqomi davlatie, ki onro bo rioyai nizomi makhfiyat tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston makhfy gardonidaast, ijozat medihad.
  4. Ikhtirooti makhfy to ba anjom rasidani muhlati makhfigardoni molikiyati Jumhurii Tojikiston hisob meshavad.

Moddai 6. Muallifi ikhtirooti makhfy

  1. Muallifi ikhtirooti makhfy shakhsi voqeie hisobida meshavad, ki ikhtirooti makhfy bo mehnati ejodkoronai vay ofarida shudaast.
  2. Agar dar ofaridani ikhtirooti makhfy yakchand shakhsoni voqey ishtirok karda boshand, hamai onho muallifoni ikhtirooti makhfy hisob meshavand.
  3. SHakhsone, ki dar ofaridani ikhtirooti makhfy hissai shakhsii ejodi naguzoshtaand, ba muallif (muallifon) tanho yorii tekhniki, tashkily va yo moddy rasonidaand, yo in ki tanho baroi ba rasmiyat darovardani  huquq ba ikhtirooti makhfy kumak namudaand, muallifi ikhtirooti makhfy hisob nameshavand.
  4. Huquqi muallifi huquqi shakhsii begonanashavanda buda, bemuhlat hifz karda meshavad.
  5. Muallifii ikhtirooti makhfy bo dodani patent az tarafi Idorai patenta tasdiq karda meshavad va in baroi giriftani podosh va chubron baroi makhfigardony va istifodabarii on asos meboshad.
  6. Hangomi ba manfiati davlat istifoda burda shudani ikhtirooti makhfy az tarafi maqomoti davlatii onro makhfigardonida ba muallifi (muallifoni) on podosh pardokht karda meshavad. Andoza, shartho va tartibi pardokhti podoshro shartnomai bayni muallif va makomoti davlaty, ki ikhtirootro makhfy gardonidaast, muayyan menamoyad.

Moddai 7. Tartibi peshnihod, barrasi va makhfngardonii arizaho baroi ikhtirooti makhfy

  1. Huquqi peshnihod kardani arizaro baroi ikhtirooti makhfy muallif (muallifon) va yo vorisi huquqii u (onho), az on jumla shakhse, ki ba in huquq ba tariqi guzasht sohib shudaast, dorad.
  2. Huquqi dodani ariza baroi ikhtirooti doroi malumoti sirri davlaty va tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro»

ejodshuda ba korfarmo va yo vorisi huquqii on, az jumla ba shakhse, ki ba in huquq bo rohi guzasht sohib shudaast, taalluq dorad, agar dar shartnomai bayni korfarmo va muallifi ikhtirooti makhfy tartibi digar peshbiny nashuda boshad.

  1. Arizaho muvofiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» tartib doda meshavand. Tartibi barrasii arizaho ba ikhtirooti makhfy va makhfigardonii onhoro Idorai patenty muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 8. SHartkhoi muhofizatii ikhtirooti makhfy

 

  1. Hangomi muayyan kardani hifzi huquqii ikhtirooti makhfy sharthoi patentpazirii ikhtiro, ki tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» muqarrar gardidaand, istifoda meshavand.
  2. Hangomi muayyankunii navgonii ikhtirooti makhfy dar qatori malumoti muvofiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar  borai ikhtiro» peshbinishuda, ba satkhi tekhnika, bo nazardoshti avvaliyati qablii on, asnodi zerin dokhil karda meshavad:

– hujjathoi muhofizatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba obekthoi makhfii molikiyati sanoaty;

– ariza baroi dodani khujjathoi muhofizatii obekthoi makhfii molikiyati sanoaty, ki az tarafi shakhsoni digar dar Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod shudaand (ba gayr az arizahoi bozkhondashuda);

– malumote, ki doroi sirri davlaty buda, dar vositahoi akhbori omma va sarchashmahoi digari ittilooty oshkor karda shudaand va dar Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi shakhsoni konuny ba in  malumot ijozatdoshta qabl az peshnihodi avvaliyati arizai ikhtirooti makhfy, dastras gardidaand.

  1. Hangomi muayyan kardani navgonii ikhtirooti makhfy darajai makhfiyatnokii malumothoi doroi sirri davlatii ba sathi tekhnika dokhilshavanda naboyad az darachai makhfiyatnokii ikhtirooti makhfii arzshuda baland boshad.

Moddai 9. Avvaliyati ikhtirooti makhfy

 

  1. Avvaliyati ikhtirooti makhfy az rui sanai ba Idorai patenty vorid shudani ariza muvofiqi qismi 3 moddai 4 Qonuni mazkur muqarrar karda meshavad.
  2. Avvaliyati ikhtirooti makhfy az rui sanai voridshavii mavodi ilovagy mukarrar shudanash mumkin ast, agar in mavodro arizadihanda to guzashtani muhlati semoha az sanai giriftani ogohinomai Idorai patenta dar borai imkonnopazirii ba etibor giriftani mavodi ilovagy binobar mohiyati ikhtirooti arzshudaro   tagyirdihanda pindoshta shudanashon ba sifati arizai mustaqil peshnihod karda boshad.3. Avvaliyati ikhtirooti makhfi az rui sanai oa Idorai patenti peshnihod shudani arizai qablii in ikhtirootro manidodkunandai hamon yak arizadihanda muqarrar karda shudanash mumkin ast, agar arizae, ki az rui on in guna avvaliyat darkhost meshavad, na dertar az duvozdah mohi badi sanai peshnihodi arizai qabli vorid shuda boshad. Dar in hol arizai qably bozkhondashuda hisobida meshavad.
  3. Avvaliyati ikhtirooti makhfi dar asosi yakchand arizai qably, ki baroi har yaki onho sharthoi dar qismi 3 hamin modsa ovardashuda rioya megardand, metavonad muqarrar shavad.
  4. Muqarrar namudani avvaliyati ikhtirooti makhfi az rui sanai peshnihodi arizae, ki az rui on allakay avvaliyati barvaqttar darkhost shudaast, mumkin nest.
  5. Avvaliyati ikhtirooti makhfy az rui arizai judokardashuda az rui sanai peshnihodi arizai avvali hamon yak arizadihanda, ki dar on ikhtiro kushoda shudaast, muqarrar karda meshavad, agar arizai judokardashuda ba Idorai patenta to az rui arizai nakhustin kabul shudani qaror dar borai rad gardidan oid ba dodani hujjati muhofizati, ki imkoniyati shikoyat kardan az boloi on az dast raftaast va dar holati mavjudiyati qaror dar borai ba arizai zikrshuda dodani hujjati muhofizaty to ruzi bakaydgirii ikhtirooti makhfy dar Fehristi davlatii ikhtirooti makhfy vorid shuda boshad.
  6. Agar dar rafti sanjish muqarrar karda shavad, ki ikhtirooti hammonand avvaliyati yakkhela dorand, pas hujjati muhofizati az rui arizae doda meshavad, ki peshtar firistoda shudani on ba Idorai patenta isbot shudaast. Dar holati muvofiq omadani in sanaho boshad, agar sozishnomai bayni arizadihandagon holati digarero dar nazar nadoshta boshad, az rui arizae muayyan karda meshavad, ki raqami bakaydgirii peshtar doday Idorai patentiro dorad.

Moddai 10. Sanjnsh va baqaydgirii ikhtirooti makhfy

 

  1. Tibqi arizaho ba ikhtirooti makhfy, ki muvofiqi moddahoi 4 va 7 Qonuni mazkur makhfy gardonida shudaand, sanjishi ikhtirooti makhfy mutobiqi tartibi guzaronidani sanjishi ikhtirooti gayrimakhfy, ki bo Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» muqarrar shudaast, bo nazardoshti khususiyathoi zerini barrasii ikhtirooti makhfy guzaronida meshavad:

– sanjishi ariza ba ikhtirooti makhfy az sanjishi rasmi va mohiyati iborat meboshad;’

– hangomi guzaronidani sanjishi mohiyatii ariza Idorai patenti huquq dorad, ki kormandoni maqomoti dakhldori davlatiro jalb namoyad;

-rohbaroni maqomoti davlaty ukhdadorand, ki mutakhassisoni mazkurro bo sharti nigokhdoshti muzdi miyonai mohona, jubroni rohkiro va istiqomat ba safari khizmati firistonaid;

– sanjishi mohiyatii ariza, ki ba vositahoi navi aslihai harbi, tekhnikai harbi va vositahoi makhsusi tekhniki dakhl dorand, bad az

giriftani khulosai maqomoti davlatii dakhldore, ki nomgui onhoro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad, guzaronida meshavad;

– kharojotro baroi guzaronidani sanjish maqomi davlatie, ki onro makhfy gardonidaast, pardokht mekunad.

  1. Az rui natijai sanjishi mohiyatii ariza dar borai etirof kardan va yo nakardani obekta arzshuda hamchun ikhtirooti makhfy qaror barovarda meshavad.
  2. Idorai patenty dar asosi karori khud oid ba etirof namudani obekti arzshuda hamchun ikhtirooti makhfy onro ba Fehristi davlatii ikhtirooti makhfii Jumhurii Tojikiston dokhil karda, ba muallif (va yo muallifon) hujjathoi muhofizaty medihad.
  3. Malumot oid ba ikhtirooti makhfy ba Fehristi davlatii ikhtirooti makhfii  Jumhurii Tojikiston dokhil karda meshavand. Qoidahoi peshburdi Fehristi davlatii ikhtirooti makhfii Jumhurii Tojikistonro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad.
  4. Ijozat ba malumot oid ba ikhtirooti makhfii ba qayd giriftashuda va shinosoy bo onho bo rioyai talaboti hifzi sirri davlaty, ki tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai sirri davlaty» peshbini shudaast, surat megirad.

Moddai 11. CH,ubronpuly baroi makhfigardonii ikhtiroot

 

  1. Ba arizadihanda jubronpuli baroi makhfigardonii ikhtiroot dar hajm va bo sharthoi dar asosi sozishnomai bayni muallif va korfarmo muayyanshuda va inchunin kharojoti arizadihanda hangomi peshnihod va barrasii ariza dar borai ikhtirooti makhfy pardokhta meshavad.
  2. Harojoti dar qismi 1 moddai mazkur nishondodashuda yakvaqta az tarafi maqomi davlatie, ki arizaro dar asosi moddai 7 Qonuni mazkur makhfy gardonidaast, dar muhlati yak moh az ruzi barovardani qaror az tarafi Idorai patenti bobati etirof namudani ikhtirooti peshnihodshuda hamchun ikhtirooti makhfy yo etirof nakardani on pardokht karda meshavad.

Moddai 12. Oshkor kardani ikhtirooti makhfy

  1. Sanjishi zarurati nigokhdorii darachai makhfiyati muqarrarshudai ikhtirooti makhfy dar muhlathoi hangomi makhfigardonii on muayyankardai maqomi savlatie, ki karori makhfigardonii onro qabul kardaast, guzaronida meshavad. CHunin sanjish metavonad bo tashabbusi arizadikhdnda, muallif yo vorisi huquqii u niz guzaronida shavad.
  2. Qaror dar borai oshkor kardani ikhtirooti makhfy bo tartibi muayyannamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, bo peshnihodi maqomi davlatie, ki onro makhfy gardonidaast, qabul karda meshavad.3. Oid ba qabul kardani qaror dar bor oshkor kardani ikhtirooti makhfi ba arizadihanda, muallif, inchunin Idorai patenta baroi khorij kardani ikhtirooti makhfii mazkur az Fehristi davlatii ikhtirooti makhfii Jumhurii Tojikiston khabar do da meshavad..

Moddai 13. Supormdani hujjati muhofizat ba ikhtirooti oshkorkardashuda

  1. Arizadihanda dar muhlati yak sol az sanai oshkor kardani ikhtirooti makhfy metavonad ba Idorai patenta baroi giriftani hujjati muhofizaty, ki tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» peshbiny  shudaast, darkhost firistad. Hujjati muhofizati ba muhlati boqimondai etibornokiash, ki tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» peshbini shudaast, az ruzi peshnihodi ariza ba Idorai patenti doda meshavad.
  2. Avvaliyati ikhtiroi makhfii oshkorkardashuda az ruzi peshnihodi hujjathoi ariza ba Idorai patenti dar asosi moddai 9 Qonuni mazkur muayyan karda meshavad.
  3. Hujjati muhofizatie, ki ba ikhtiroi oshkorkardashuda doda shudaast, az ruzi peshnihodi ariza dar borai dodani on etibor doshta, baroi dokhil kardani ikhtiroi oshkorkardashudai hifzshavanda ba sathi tekhnika az ruzi avvaliyati on hangomi muayyan namudani navgonii digari ikhtirooti gayrimakhfy tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» asos meboshad.
  4. Patenta ba ikhtiroi gayrimakhfii tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ikhtiro» dodashuda dar holati dodani patent ba ikhtirooti hammonandi oshkorshudai avvaliyati qablidoshta beetibor donista meshavad. Sohibhukuki patenti beetibordonistashudai ikhtiroi gayrimakhfi, ki istifodai onro to tarikhi peshnihodi ariza yo omoda shudani on amaly kardaast, agar chunin ikhtiroot novobasta az muallifi (muallifoni)  ikhtiroi oshkorshuda ofarida shuda boshad, huquqi khudro baroi istifodai minbadai chunin ikhtiroot be afzoish dodani hajmi on nigoh medorad.

Moddai 14. Pardokhthoi hatmi

Baroi amalhoi zerin pardokhthoi hatmi sitonida meshavand: – peshnihodi ariza; dodani hujjathoi muhofizati; nigoh doshtani etibori on; daroz va barqaror kardani mukhlathoi guzaronidashuda va inchunin baroi ijroi digar amalhoi ahamiyati huquqy doshta, ki ba hujjathoi muhofizatii ikhtiroi makhfy aloqamand meboshand. Nomgui purrai amalhoe, ki baroi ichroyashon pardokhthoi hatmy sitonida meshavand, andoza va muhlathoi pardokhti onho, inchunin asosho baroi ozod namudan az pardokht, kam kardani andoza va yo bozgardondani on tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad.

Modai 15. Amali Qonuni mazkur nisbati shakhsoni voqei va huquqii khoriji

Qonuni mazkur nisbati shakhsoni voqey va huquqii khorijy tatbiq namegardad, agar dar sanadhoi huqukii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, tartibi digare peshbiny nagardida boshad.

Moddai 16. Barrasii bahsho

 

Bahshoi oid ba ikhtirooti makhfii bavuchudomada az jonibi sud hal karda meshavand.

Moddai 17. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqey va huquqy baroi rioya nakardani Qonuni mazkur mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 18. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

 

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmy mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

Prezidenta

Jumhurii TojikistonEmomali Rahmon

sh. Dushanbe, 21 iyuli soli 2010

№624

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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