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Idi Zaboni tojiki sanai 5-umi oktyabr hamasola ast!

Idi zaboni davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, yane idi zaboni tojiki har sol sanai 5-umi oktyabr dar sarosari kishvari mahbubamon tajlil megardad, ki in boisi dar haqiqat khursandivu saodatmandii millati tojik ast.

Tarikhi idi zaboni tojiki: Bo sohib shudani tojikon davlati khud soli 1924 va solhoi tuloni ba zaboni russi dar zamoni shuravi burdani korhoi rasmi ba zaboni khoriji boisi nigaronii rohbaronu ziyoiyoni millati mo gardidaast va bo peshnihodu qarori onho soli 1989 sanai 22-yumi iyul, qonun dar borai zaboni tojiki qabul shudaast.

Az hamon sol tuli 10-sol idi zaboni tojiki sanai 22-iyul tajlil meshud. Lek soli  2009 bo vorid kardani tagiyrotu ilovaho ba qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston oidi Zaboni tojiki sanai 5-umi oktyabr minbad bo sanai nav tajlil meshavad. Inchunin qobili zikr ast, ki anai ruzi tavvaludi rohbari amalkunandai kishvar ba ruzi zaboni davlati rost meoyad.

Muvofiqi qonuni tajdidshuda ki iborat az 28-sht moda meboshad, zaboni davlatii Tojikiston zaboni «Tojiki» meboshad va donistani on ba har yak shahrvandi Tojikiston hatmi meboshad. Solhoi shuravi donistani zaboni tojiki hatmi nabud, chunki dar Tojikiston on zamonho hokimon asosan khalqi rus va yo uzbek budand. Masalan solhoi 1970-1980-um dar poytakhti Tojikiston 60%-i sokinonash khalqi russ, 20%-ash mardumi uzbek va boqimonda tojikon budand.

Sababi volo omadani zaboni tojiki dar jamiyati imruza in taloshhoi tojikparvaronai ziyoi va hokimoni jasur budand, ki bo tasiri siyosati beruna sohib ba maqsadu orzuhoi khud rasidand. Solhoi shuravi na kam az nisfi maktabhoi poytakht ba zaboni russi dars mekhondand va dar sathi hukumatu davlat tanho ba zaboni russi maktubnavisiyu hujjatnigori burda meshud, ki mavqei zaboni tojik doimo tangu torik mekard.

Andeshai buzurgon oidi zabon

Ba andeshai ham buzurgon va ham olimonu shahrvandoni qatori malum ast, ki zaboni tojiki sohibi adabiyotu niyogoni boy ast va az zamonhoi qadim tojikon ba in zabon sher meguftandu kitobhoi ilmii khudro doshtand. Masalan Abuabdulloi Rudaki – yake az buzurgtarin shoiri tojik dar asri 10-i melodi va yo Abualii Sino dar boy kardani zaboni adabii tojikon ki on zamonho Samarqandu Bukhoro poytakhtu gahvorai tojikon bud  baso kalon ast.

Buzurgoni mo medonand, ki zaboni tojiki ziyoda az 3000 sol tarikh dorad va ba in zabon dar jahoni imruza ziyoda az 30 mln. odamon sukhan meronand. Umuman zaboni tojiki yak shokhai zaboni forsi ast va inro zabonshinosoni buzurgi jahoni kholo chunin meshinosand. Hamin tavr zaboni tojiki ba zaboni forsi qarib 80-90% monandi dorad va dar jahon boshad ba zaboni forsi ziyoda az 200 mln. odamon sukhan meronand, ki dar 20-davlati jahon maskani mekunand.

Buzurgon meguyand, ki har yak millat boyad zaboni khudro doshta boshad va in baroi mustaqiliyati sohibistiqlolii davlat yake az unsurhoi asosi meboshad. In hamchun pulli khuddi davlatiyu sarhadi jugrofi doshtan unsuri muhim meboshad.

SHer dar borai zaboni tojiki

Zaboni modarii man, zaboni tojiki  ast,

Zaboni ilmu fan, ejodu akhbor ast,

Ba guftori zaboni tojiki miram,

Az on ki shevai lafzi ajdodam ast.

Man noma ba nomi duston kardam,

Elonu, taklifu, sukhan kardam.

Ba on chi budu nabud taqdim,

Bo zaboni tojiki kardam.

Mulki tojikon pur az durru guhar ast,

YAkto guharash zaboni tojiki ast.

In kuhi baland qomati zabonam ast,

Tozavu foramu ganitarini jahon ast.

Zaboni man zaboni buzurgoni dunyost,

Zaboni tojiki zaboni hazoron kitobhost,

Zaboni marifatu zaboni shirinu karim,

Aziztarin misli modram ast.

Az on ruze, ki khudro bishnokhtam,

Poi khud dar rohi haq binhodaam.

Kumakam kard zaboni modariyam,

Zaboni tojiki – zaboni boboiyam.

Zaboni tojiki kunad hidoyat,

Ba obodi, ba ilmu ham rafoqat

Agar darde dar tan doshta boshi,

Az zaboni tojiki shifo biyobi

Hazoron duohoi ilohi,

Ba zaboni tojiki gar biyobi,

Agar khushnudi dar dil bikhohi,

Gunchahoi surudi tojiki biyobi.

Jonam fidoi nomi tu, zaboni man jahoni man,

Sadot shavad olam gar vatanam khuramtar ast.

Mehru muhabbat az modar jumla payvandtar ast,

Maro gued ba tojiki az on fahmam dilbastagi.

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