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ISHTIHO

ishtihoISHTIHO (Appetitus), ifodai ehsosoti ragbatnoki organizmi odam ba khuroki muayyan. I. az hissi gurusnagi farq mekunad. Hissi gurusnagi ehtiyoji organizm ba moddahoi gizoi buda, odatan noforam ast. I. hissi foram meboshad va odatan badi istemoli gizo raf megardad.
I. dar natijai angezishi qismhoi muayyani asabiyai markazi tashakkul meyobad. Dar yak vaqt obi dahon va shirai hozima judo meshavad, kori medayu ruda shiddat girifta, uzvhoi hozima ba qabuli khurok omoda megardand. Gizoi khushlaezat, namudi khush va bui forami on, zebo orostani dastarkhon I. – ro ziyod mekunand. Baraks, gizoi dilnokash va bui noforami on I.-ro basta, ba faoliyati uzvhoi hozima tasiri nomatlub merasonad.
Organizmi shakhse, ki tartibi istemoli khurokro rioya mekunad, dar vaqti muayyan miqdori lozimai shirai hozima judo menamoyad. Vayron kardani tartibi istemoli gizo, khurdani noni khushk (gizoi sakht), dar sari dastarkhon gap zadan, kitob khondan yo mashguli kori digar shudan, boisi khalal yoftani I., bemorii medayu ruda va mubodilai moddaho megardad. Hastagii asab va behad monda shudan niz ba kamishtihoi ovarda merasonad. Tagyiri tartibi muqarrari (mas., dar maktabbachagon va kudakone, ki soli avval ba maktab yo bogcha raftaand), inchunin ba voyai gizo hamroh kardani khurokvorii nav, bazan sababi kam shudani I. meshavand. Dar vaqti baze bemorihoi asab va ruhi, inchunin homilagi I. tahrif yofta, odam chizhoi nokhurdaniro niz mekhurad.
Beishtihoi (anoreksiya) va ishtihoi qozgir (bilumiya) sababi bemorihoi gunogun meboshand. Az in ru, dar asnoi ikhtiloli I. ba dukhtur murojiat kardan lozim ast.

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