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INVALIDi

invalidiINVALIDi (Invaliditas), mayubi, dar natijai bemori, lat khurdan yo nuqsi inkishof muddati daroz yo doimi, purra yo qisman gum kardani qobiliyati mehnati. Invalidho vobasta ba darajai gum kardani qobiliyati mehnati ba se guruh judo meshavand. Guruhi 1 – umi invalidiro ba shakhsone muqarrar menamoyand, ki qobiliyati mehnatiro purra, doimi yo muddati daroz gum karda, ba nigohubini doimii digaron (yori yo nazorat) muhtojand (az on jumla ba onhoe, ki dar korkhonahoi makhsus yo khona ba qadri imkon bo mehnat mashgul shudanashon mumkin ast). Guruhi 2 – yumi invalidi ba shakhsone, ki qobiliyati mehnatiro purra, doimi yo muddati daroz gum karda boshand ham, ba nigohubin, yori yo nazorati doimii digaron muhtoj nestand, inchunin ba kasone ki muddati duru daroz mehnat kardanashon man ast (kori jismoni mumkin boisi khuruji bemori gardad, mas., khiragii chashm toraft avj girad), doda meshavad. Guruhi 3 – yumi invalidiro ba shakhsone medihand, ki az sababi bad shudani salomatiashon kasb yo hunari peshtarai khudro digar davom doda natavonista, ba yagon kori sabuk (mutakhassis budan shart nest) muhtoj meshavand.
Az tarafi davlat vobasta ba guruhi I. andozai nafaqa, khususiyat va nomgui dig. namudhoi yorii ijtimoi peshbini karda shudaast. Qonunguzorii davlat dar holathoi zerin ham nafaqa dodanro peshbini menamoyad: bemorii umumi, bemorihoi kasbi, mayubii mehnati; I. az ovoni kudaki; I. to ibtidoi faoliyati mehnati; zakhmdorshavi (kontuziya, zarbulat, mayubi) dar muhoribaho yo ijroi dig. vazifahoi harbi; bemorie, ki ba on dar front giriftor shudaand; kasali yo mayubie, ki ba adoi khizmati harbi va amaliyoti jangi vobasta nestand.
Darajai gum kardani qobiliyati mehnat (guruhhoi I.)-ro komissiyai tibbii ekspertii korshoyamii taminoti ijtimoi muayyan va hamzamon sababhoi I.- ro muqarrar mekunad. Komissiyai mazkur sharoitu navi mehnati invalidon, muvofiqi ikhtisosu avzoi salomati kor kardani onhoro muqarrar namuda, durust (muvofiqi khulosayu tavsiyai dukhturon) istifoda burdani onhoro taftish mekunad, bilkhosa bahri barqaror gardidani qobiliyati mehnatii invalidon sharoiti musoid faroham meorad. Dar natijai tabobat, inchunin tasiri omilhoi musoidi ijtimoi darajai gum kardani qobiliyati mehnati doimo tagiyr meyobad, az in sabab muhlati takroran az komissiya guzashtani invalidon muayyan karda shudaast: guruhi 1 – um dar 2 sol yak bor, guruhhoi 2 – 3-yum sole yak marotiba. In qoida ba invalidone, ki illati jismoni dorand yo giriftori bemorihoi muzmini bedavoand, inchunin ba invalidon – mardoni sinnashon az 60 bolo va invalidon – zanoni sinnashon az 55 bolo dakhl nadorad. Dar natijai tabobat aksari invalidon az nav ba mehnati faol va hayoti jamiyati barmegardand.

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