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IMTIYOZHO BAROI ZANONI HOMILA VA ZANONI FARZANDDOR

imtiyoz-baroi-zanoni-homilaIMTIYOZHO BAROI ZANONI HOMILA VA ZANONI FARZANDDOR. Qonun ba zanoni homila va zanoni farzanddor bisyor imtiyozu bartarihoi ijtimoi muqarrar kardaast. Onho ba zanon baroi payvastani qarzi modari har chi beshtar bo ishtirokashon dar istehsoloti jamiyati imkoniyat medihand. Az hamin sabab zanoni homila va zanoni kudaki shirmak doshtaro ba kor qabul nakardan va dar kadom asose, ki naboshad, bo tashabbusi mamuriyat az kor kholi kardan, mumkin nest. Ba in faqat dar mavridhoe roh medihand, ki agar korkhona, muassisa, tashkilot purra barham doda shavad. Dar in vaqt ham hatman onhoro bo kor tamin kardan lozim ast. Tanho va mahz ba sababi homila budan yo kudaki shirmak doshtanashon ba kor qabul nakardani zanon yo az kor kholi kardani onho jinoyat ast va baroi in shakhsoni gunahgor ba javobgari jalb karda meshavand.
Agar zani homila muvofiqi ahvoli salomatiash muhtoji ba kori digari sabuktar guzaronidan boshad, mamuriyat dar asosi khulosai dukhtur ba u boyad bo nigoh doshtani muzdi miyonai mehnat kori munosib yofta dihad. Zanoni kudakashon shirmak ham az chunin imtiyozho istifoda mebarand (onhoro ba digar kor muvofiqi arizaashon meguzaronand va khulosai dukhtur lozim nest). Qonun mafhumi kori sabuktarro muayyan namekunad va muhlati ba chunin kor guzaronidanro mahdud namenamoyad; in ba sharoiti mushakhkhasi mehnat, inchunin ba khulosai dukhtur vobasta ast (dar on mahz chi guna sabuki zarur budanash nishon doda meshavad). Dar har holat kori digar boyad az kori peshtarai zan sabuktar va ba sharoit muvofiqtar boshad. Masalai ba kori digar naguzarondanro badi dida baromadani komissiyahoi bahshoi mehnati va taminoti ijtimoii ittifoqi kasaba hal namudan mumkin ast. Agar zanon to davrai ba kori digar guzashtan az rui sharoiti mehnat imtiyozho doshta boshand (rukhsatii ilovagi baroi kori sharoitash zararnok, ruzi kori normaash nomuqarrar, staji muttasili kor, mukofotpuli baroi khizmati bisyorsola va g.), onho badi ba kori digar guzashtan ham, nigoh doshta meshavand.
Baroi zanoni homila va modaroni shirkhorador digar imtiyozho niz muqarrar karda shudaand. Onhoro ba kori shabona (az soati 10 begoh to soati 6 sahar), ba kori ziyoda az vaqti muqarrari, ba kori ruzhoi istirohat va id, ba navbatchigii badi vaqti kor va shabona jalb kardan man ast. Onhoro hatto bo rozigii khud ba safari khidmati firistodan mumkin nest. Ba modarone, ki kudaki shirmak dorand, gayr az tanaffusi umumi baroi khuroki peshin, boz badi har se soat tanaffushoi ilovagii 30-daqiqagi doda meshavand. Hangomi tavallud kardani du va az in ziyod kudak muhlati tanaffus naboyad az yak soat kam boshad. In tanaffusho ba hisobi vaqti kor dokhil meshavand.
Ba zanoni homila rukhsatii davrai homilagi va badi tavallud peshbini shudaast. Muhlati on 140 ruzi taqvimi meboshad va dar in vaqt yordampuli dar davrai homilagi va badi tavallud doda meshavad. Dar surati tavalludi dushvor yo ba dunyo omadani du va ziyoda az on kudak rukhsati mufoiqan 156 va 180 ruzi taqvimiro darbar megirad. Dar davomi in rukhsati hamai imtiyozhoi peshinai zan nigoh doshta shuda, khudi muhlati rukhsati ba staji umumi va staji muttasili mehnat, inchunin ba staje dokhil karda meshavad, ki baroi giriftani imtiyozhoi digar (mas., rukhsatii ilovagi) huquq medihad. Pesh az rukhsatii davrai homilagi va badi tavallud ba zan muvofiqi arizai u sarfi nazar az staji mehnati dar korkhona, muassisa va tashkiloti muayyan har sol rukhsati doda meshavad. Ba zanon gayr az rukhsatii davrai homilagi va badi tavallud, to ba sinni yakunimsolagi rasidani kudak rukhsatii ilovagi niz medihand.

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