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IMKONIYATHOI KOMPYUTER

Kompyuter – pesh az hama yak namud moshin ast. On bo digar moshinhoi dar ruzgori khonayu maktab, naqliyotu istehsolot va digar sohahoi iqtisodiyotu ijtimoiyot istifodashavanda khele monand ast. Masalan, kompyuter niz chun digar moshinho bo yorii shabakai barqi yo akkumulyator kor mekunad. Kompyuter niz az yakchand qismhoi ba ham aloqamand iborat buda, baroi ijro namudani yagon maqsadi muayyan khizmat merasonad.

Mahz dar chunin shakl tasvirkunii kompyuter onro ba avtomobil, televizor, darzmol, moshini sartaroshi yo plitai khurokpazi khele monand mesozad. Vale dar barobari monandi kompyuter boz khosiyathoi makhsusro niz sohib ast, ki onho onro az digar moshinho ba kulli farq mekunonand.

exnologiyai-info-2

Hosiyati az hama asosii kompyuter in surati beandoza balandi hisobbarorii on meboshad. Hudi mafhumi kompyuter niz mahz bo hamin khosiyati on aloqamand ast: somputeq hisobbaror. Tasavvur kuned, ki kompyuterhoi avvalin dar yak soniya metavonistand sadho hazor adadhoro ba ham jam sozand. Kompyuterhoi hozirazamon boshand, metavonand dar yak soniya milliard va az on niz ziyodtar adadhoro jam namoyand. Aslan, vaqte ki sukhan dar borai zudkorii kompyuter meravad, hatto az kalimai soniya istifoda ham namebarand.

Dar chunin mavridho az kalimahoi mikrosoniya yo nanosoniya istifoda mebarand:

1soniya=1million mikrosoniya=1milliard nanosoniya. Kompyuterho dar barobari khele zudkor budanashon, boz tajhizoti beandoza boetimod ba shumor meravand. Masalan, shakhse, ki bo yorii qalamu kogaz baze hisobkunihoro anjom dodani ast, metavonad dar davomi yak soat yak yo yakchand khatogi sodir namoyad. Pas az yakchand soati kori boshad, u az khastagi metavonad ba miqdori ziyodtari khatogiho roh

dihad. Farqi kompyuter az inson dar on ast, ki kompyuter hisobbarorihoro zudtar va aniqtar ijro menamoyad va yakchand soat yo hatto ruzho be tanaffus kor karda, az khastagi shikoyat namenamoyad.

Digar arzishi khele muhimi kompyuterho az on iborat ast, ki onho imkoniyati qabul kardan, nigoh doshtan va istifoda burdani informatsiyayu komandahoro dorand. In khosiyati kompyuterho onhoro ba moshinhoi behamto va be mislu monand tabdil medihad. Oyo shumo yagon moshini digarro nombar karda metavoned, ki on chunin khosiyatro doro boshad? Magar moshini muqarrarii chopkunii mekhaniki yo elektriki metavonad, pagoh matni imruz chopnamudaashro ba khotir orad? Albatta hejgoh na! Ammo kompyuter ba in kor qodir ast. On bo yorii yak yo yakchand komanda metavonad chunin matnro dahho marotiba va baroi dahho shakhsoni gunogun barqaror namoyad.

Hosiyati markazi va muhimtarini kompyuter dar on ast, ki on moshini oddi nabuda, balki moshini elektroni ast. Mahz az hamin sabab ham, onro moshini elektronii hisobbaror (MEH) meguyand. Kompyuterho hamai vazifahoyashonro bo yorii programmaho ba tavri avtomati, yane be ishtiroki odam ijro menamoyand. Idorakunii aksariyat moshinhoi gayri MEH boshad, asosan ba uhdai inson guzoshta shudaast.

Savolho:

  1. Kompyuter bo digar moshinho chi monandi dorad?
  2. Hosiyathoi farqkunandai kompyuter az digar moshinho dar chist?
  3. Kompyuterhoi hozirazamon taqriban dar yak soniya chi qadar amalro ijro karda metavonand?
  4. Boetimodii kompyuter chi mano dorad?
  5. Kompyuter vazifahoi dar nazdash guzoshtashudaro dar asosi chi ijro menamoyad?
  6. Ikhtiroi kompyuterro bo kadom dastovarhoi behtarini insoniyat muqoisa namudan mumkin ast?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
  2. Vazifaho va khosiyathoi kompyuterro bo vazifaho va khosiyathoi televizor, moshini barqii chopkuni va avtomobil muqoisa namoed va dar daftar hamai umumiyatho va farqiyathoi onhoro nombar kuned.

 

 

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