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ILOVA VA IHTISORKUNII BANDHOI MENYUI ASOSI

Menyui asosii sistemai Windows metavonad az du qism iborat boshad: hatmi va ilovagi (ikhtiyori). Bandhoi qismi hatmii menyu doimi buda, qismi ilovagiash tagyiryobanda ast. Windows imkoniyat medihad, ki ba qismi ilovagii menyui asosii on satrhoi nav ilova va satrhoi dar ayni hol az didi istifodabarandai MEH nolozim, ikhtisor (nest) karda shavand.

Qismi hatmii Menyui asosi az qismi ilovagiash bo khati ufuqi judo karda shuda, dar poyoni khat joygir shudaast. Hamai on bandhoi menyu, ki dar mavzui guzashta mavridi omuzish qaror girifta budand, ba qismi hatmii menyu dakhl doshtand. Baroi ilova yo ikhtisor kardani satrhoi menyui asosi tugmai Pusk (Ogoz)-ro pakhsh namuda, dar menyu satri Nastroyka (Tanzimkuni)-ro intikhob kardan lozim ast.

Hangomi dar zermenyui paydoshuda intikhob namudani bandi Panel zadach (Paneli masalaho), dar ekran ravzanai dar rasmi 12 ovarda shuda, namudor megardad. Dar ravzanai robitavii Svoystva: Panel zadach (Hosiyathoi paneli masalaho) tugmai qabatii Nastroyka menyu (Tanzimkunii menyu)-ro faol gardonidan lozim ast. Dar natija ravzanai navbati namudor megardad.

menui-windows

Tugmahoi Dobavit (Ilovakuni) va Udalit (Horijkuni)-i in ravzana imkoniyat medihand, ki dar ruykhati programmahoi menyui asosi tagyirotho vorid karda shavand. Hangomi pakhsh kardani tugmai Dobavit (Ilovakuni) programmai makhsuse ba kor medaroyad, ki onro Master sozdaniya yarlikov (Ustoi yarliksoz) meguyand.

Ravzanai khosiyathoi Paneli masalho Rasmi 13. Ravzanai ilova va khorijkunii bandhoi Menyui Rasmi 14. Ravzanai ustoi yarliksoz Rasmi 15. Ravzanai intikhobi papka baroi joygirkunii yarlik dar Menyui asosi  Dar satri komandavii (Komandnaya stroka) ravzanai ustoi yarliksoz rohi purrai fayli programmaviro nishon doda, tugmai Enter -ro pakhsh kardan zarur ast. Dar natija ustoi yarliksoz baroi programmai nishondodashuda yarlik mesozad. Bo maqsadi dar yake az papkahoi menyui asosi joygir kardani yarliki sokhtashuda, tugmai Dalee (Davomdihi)-ro pakhsh kardan lozim ast. Pas az ijroi in amal, dar ekran ravzanai navbati (Rasmi 15) paydo meshavad, ki on ravzanai Vibor papki (Intikhobi papka) nom dorad

Pas az intikhobi papkai muayyani menyui asosi, tugmai Dalee-ro takroran pakhsh boyad kard. Sistema dar in mavrid mepursad, ki satri navi ba menyu ilova meshudagi, bo kadom nom boyad ba qayd girifta shavad. Nomi satri navi menyuro az klaviatura dokhil karda, bad tugmai Gotovo (Tayyor)-ro pakhsh namudan lozim ast. Dar natija ba menyui asosi satri nav ilova megardad.

Hamin tariq, menyui asosi niz yak namud papka buda, nomash Glavnoe menyu ast. Baroi kushodani in papka kifoya ast, ki nishondihandai mushro ba tugmai Pusk guzoshta, tugmai rosti mushro pakhsh namoem va dar ravzanai robitavii paydoshuda satri Otkrit (Kushodan)-ro intikhob kunem.

Hangomi pakhsh kardani tugmai Udalit (Horijkuni)-i ravzanai robitavii Hosiyathoi paneli masalaho, ravzanai navbatie paydo meshavad (Rasmi 17), ki onro ravzanai Udalenie yarlikov i papok (Nestkunii yarlikho va papkaho) menomand. Dar in ravzana niz ba misli ravzanai intikhobi papkaho ruykhati papkahoi menyui asosi ba ekran barovarda meshavad. Baroi nestkunii yagon bandi menyui asosi onro az ruykhati bandho intikhob namuda, tugmai Udalit-ro pakhsh namudan kifoya ast. Bo hamin, ravandi nestkunii bandi menyui asosi ba itmom merasad. Hangomi az nav pakhsh namudani tugmai Pusk in band digar dar menyu paydo namegardad.

Dar ravzanai robitavii Tanzimkunii (Nastroyka) Menyui asosi (Rasmi 13) tugmai Dopolnitelno (Ilovagi)-ro pakhsh karda, bo bandhoi Menyui asosi baze amaliyoti ilovagiro guzaronidan mumkin ast. Dar vaqti pakhsh kardani in tugma dar ekran ravzanai Obzor – Glavnoe menyu (SHarhi Menyui asosi) paydo meshavad, ki on dar rasmi 18 ovarda shudaast. In ravzana ba istifodabarandai Rasmi 16. Papkai menyui asosi Rasmi 17. Ravzanai nestkunii yarlikho va papkaho MEH imkoniyat medihad, ki ba ruykhati programmahoi papkai menyui asosi, muvofiqi tabi khud in yo on tagyirotro dokhil namoyad. Ruykhati mazkur dar qismi rosti in ravzana nishon doda shudaast.

Savolho:

  1. Menyui asosii Windows az chand qism iborat ast? In qismho chi nom dorand?
  2. Dar kadom qismi menyui asosii Windows bandhoi navro ilova va bandhoi nolozimro ikhtisor kardan mumkin ast?
  3. Ravzanai ilova va khorijkunii bandhoi menyui asosi chi nom dorad?
  4. CHi tavr yagon bandi navro ba menyui asosi ilova kardan mumkin ast?
  5. Oyo menyui asosii Windows niz yak namud papka ast?
  6. Tarzi nestkunii papkahoi menyui asosi chi guna ast?
  7. Ravzanai Obzor – Glavnoe menyu (SHarhi menyui asosi) baroi ijroi kadom vazifaho khizmat merasonad?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.  Ravzanai guzaronidani korhoi ilovagi bo Menyui asosi
  1. Ba menyui asosii Windows dokhil shaved va bori digar qismhoi onro muoina namoed.
  2. Usulhoi ilovakuni va khorijkunii bandhoi menyui asosii Windows-ro mukhtasar dar daftaraton navised.
  3. Ba menyui asosi du bandi nav ilova kuned, ravzanahoi onhoro kushoed va az nav pushed va bad in bandhoro az menyu khorij namoed.
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