Home / Gunogun / IYOLOTI MUTTAHIDAI AMERIKA DAR OHIRI ASRI XIX – AVVALI ASRI XX

IYOLOTI MUTTAHIDAI AMERIKA DAR OHIRI ASRI XIX – AVVALI ASRI XX

Taraqqiyoti iqtisodi. Bad az jangi mulki iqtisodi IMA bosurat taraqqi kard. In chand sabab dosht. YAkum, sokhti gulomdori dar janubi mamlakat barham khurd. Duyum, munosibathoi demokrati dar jomea beshtar amri voqei megardidand. Seyum, bozori umumimilli tashakkul yoft. CHorum, qonun dar borai khomstedho, ki soli 1862 qabul karda shuda bud, imkoniyat dod, ki kishovarzii IMA bo rohi fermeri pesh ravad va in roh komilan galaba kard. Panjum, dar sanoatu kishovarzi va naqliyotu aloqa tekhnika va tekhnologiyai peshqadami amerikaviyu evropavi vase ba kor burda meshud.

iktisodi-ima

Dar taraqqiyoti iqtisodii okhiri asri XIX – avvali asri XX IMA afzoishi istehsoli chuyanu pulod za angishtu naft yorii kalon rasonidand. Istehsoli chuyan az 7,7 million tonnai soli 1870 lap soli 1913 ba 517 mln tonna, akgisht az 33 million tonnam soli 1870 dar soli 1913 ba 270 million tonna rasid.

Sifatan tagyiryobii korkardi madan baroi peshravii sokhahoi digari sanoat zaminai boetimod guzosht. Dar solhoi 70-um va 80-um moshinasozi baroi zavodho afzud.

Dar in davra telefoni Bell ba kor burda meshud, istgohi barqii bo bug korkunandai Edison ba kor daromad. Tormozi ikhtirokardai Vestingauz dar tekhnika va naqliyot bosamar kor mekard. Soli 1882 tramvayi avvalin ham ba roh daromad. Dar avvali asri XX zavodhoi Ford avtomobilhoi bisyor istehsol mekardand.

Ba taraqqiyoti puravji iqtisodi, az on jumla, sanoat va kishovarzi rohhoi ohan yorii kalon merasonidand. To solhoi 90-um 4 rohi ohani daroz sokhta shud, ki on az sohilhoi Uqyonusi Orom cap shuda, to ba sohilhoi Uqyonusi Atlantika rafta merasid. CHunin rohi ohani darozi digar to ba Kanada sokhta, ba istifoda doda shud. Badi in darozii umumii rohhoi ohani IMA ba 190 hazor mil rasid. In az darozii rohhoi ohani hamai mamlakathoi Evropa ziyodtar bud.

Dar 30 soli okhir ba mamlakat 3 mlrd dollar sarmoyai khoriji vorid shud. Dar hamin muhlat ba IMA baroi zindagonii muqimi 14 mln nafar muhojiron omadand. In ham baroi peshravii iqtisodiyoti mamlakat sabab shud.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

KORMANDONI RAYOSATI TANDURUSTI

RUYHATI KORMANDONI RAYOSATI TANDURUSTI VA ROHBARONI MUASSISAHOITABOBATIYU PROFILAKTIKII ZERTOBEI RAYOSATI TANDURUSTII SHAHRI DUSHANBE   № NOM …