Home / Jamiyat / IYOLOTI MUTTAHIDAI AMERIKA AZ OGOZI ASRI XIX TO ANJOM YOFTANI JANGI MULKI

IYOLOTI MUTTAHIDAI AMERIKA AZ OGOZI ASRI XIX TO ANJOM YOFTANI JANGI MULKI

Vazi IMA dar nimai avvali asri XIX. IMA dar avvali asri XIX davrai taraqqiyoti puravji iqtisodiro az cap meguzaronid. Dar SHimolu SHarqii mamlakat sanoati fabrikavi va khojagihoi sarmoyadorii fermeri gustarish meyoftand. Dar qismati Garbi boshad, fermerhoi sershumor va hunarmandoni mustaqil mashguli kasbu kori khud budand. Dar qismi SHimolu Garbi niz munosibathoi sohibkori bosurat pesh meraftand. Dar iqtisodiyoti Janub gulomdorii plantatsioni hukmron bud. Farqiyati rohhoi taraqqiyoti SHimol va Janub ba rafti oyandai taraqqiyoti tarikhii IMA tasir rasond.

ima-xix

Dar ii davra gustarishi sohibkori az hisobi zaminhoi nav “ba bar” ba amal meomad. Dar okhirhoi asri XVIII – nimai avvali asrn XIX IMA zaminhoi ziyodero zabt kard. Masohati umumii IMA dar soli 1790 hamagi 888.6 hazor km mil bud. Badi ba on hamroh karda shudani Luiziana va jangi istilogarona bar ziddi hinduho, Meksika va mustamligardonii zaminhoi nav on to ba 3027.8 hazor km mil rasid.

Pahnshavii korchalloniyu sarmoyadori “ba bar” imkoniyatdod, ki avvalan zaminhoi nav ba dast darovarda shavand. Duyum, zaminhoi nav sharoiti musoid faroham ovardand, ki az Evropa ba IMA shumorai ziyodi muhojiron biyoyand. Dar bayni onho mutakhassisoni muhandisiyu tekhniki va korgaroni balandikhtisos bisyor budand. Muhojiron shumorai aholii mamlakatro zud ziyod mekardand. Soli 1800 aholii IMA hamagi 5.3 mln nafar bud. Vale soli 1850 on ba 23.2 million rasid. Az sababi bisyor budani zaminhoi kholii Garb dar IMA nisbat ba Evropa talabot ba nerui kori khele ziyod shud, lekin on namerasid. Az hamin sabab dar SHimoli mamlakat istifodai moshinho khele barvaqt ogoz yoft. Dar Janub boshad, istifodai mehnati gulomon vase pahn gardida bud.

Peshraftn sohibkori dar IMA dar qatori jihathoi musbati khud jihathoi manfi ham dosht. Az on jumla, buhronhoi iqtisodii barziyodistehsolkuni ba amal omadand.

YAke az rohhoi manfii taraqqiyoti iqtisodi dar IMA zuran ba Garb muhojir kardani khinduyon bud. Baroi zindagoni kardan ba hinduho joyhoi makhsus “rezervatsiyakho”-ro medodand. Hinduhoe, ki ba in qarordod muqobiliyat nishon medodand, Hukumat bar ziddi onho dastahoi musallahro ba kor meburd. Bo bahonai taqibi hinduho lashkari IMA ba zabtkunii zaminhoi davlathoi hamsoya niz dast mezad. Bo hamin roh lashkari IMA Floridai SHarqiro az Ispaniya kashida girift.

Dar qismati garbii Jorchiya qabilahoi chirokho sokin budand. Vaqte ki dar on jo konhoi tillo kashf karda shudand, hukumat az sozishnomahoi bo hinduhoi in jo dar borai zamin bastaash dast kashida, in zaminhoro “jamiyati” elon kard. Baroi zindagonii in qabilaho ham rezervatsiyahoi makhsus muayyan namuda, onhoro az zaminhoi ajdodiashon zuran pesh kardand.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

Tashkilyobii hizbhoi siyosi dar IMA

Hizbhoi siyosi dar hayoti IMA maqomi khossa dorand. Dar ibtidoi asri XIX dar mamlakat guruhhoi …