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IDROK CHIST?

Dar kitobi darsi ittiloe doda meshavad, ki tabiat va ashyoyu hodisahoi onro sharh medihad. Vazifai tolibilm darki olami ihotakunanda, fahmidani in malumot ast.

Ravandi idrok az mushohidai zindai olami muhit shuru meshavad. Mushohidai zinda-in ehsosote meboshand, ki tavassuti azoi gunoguni his: binoy, shunavoy, lomisa, zoiqa, hissi muloimiyu sakhtii ashyo, ehsosi harorat(jushon, garm, sard) vorid meshavand.

Az in ru, shuruy idrok in ehsos meboshad. Vay tavassuti azoi hissi odam dark meshavad.

Ittiloi qabulshuda ba magzi sari inson intiqol doda shuda, obrazhoi ashyoi mushohidashavandayu ehsosshavanda va hodisaho dar shakli tasavvurot boqi memonand. In marhilai mushakhkhasi ehsosotii darki inson nomida meshavad. Onro dar shakli skhemai zerin nishon dodan mumkin ast:

Ehsos Idrok —> Tasavvurot

Har on nize, ki dar magzi sari( shuuri) inson tasavvur meshavad, donishi haqiqi shuda nametavonad. Baroy in odam boyad peromuni in tasavvurot qazovat namoyad va onhoro tahlil kunad.

Dar natijai tahlili hamajoniba odam az ruyi andeshahoi khesh khulosa mebaro- rad.

Agar khulosai ( umozaklyuchenie) inson tabiatro durust inikos namoyad, pas ma- lum megardad, ki vay asrori tabiatro dark kardaast.

CHunin marhilai duvvumi tafakkurai mehnati aqli nomida meshavad. Inro me- tavon bad-in tartib ifoda kard:

Qazovat—> Hulosabarory —> Fahmish

Zinai az hama olii idrok in fahmish ast. .Agar odam ashyo va yo hodisaro durust dark , takhdil namuda va khulosai durust kunad, pas meguyand, ki vay fahmid va dar shuuri u mafhum tashakkul yoftaast.

.Agar marhilahoi yakum va duvvumi idrokro ( hissi mushakhkhas va tafakkuriro) yakjo namoem, pas chunin tasvir paydo meshavad:

Ehsos Idrok —> Tasavvurot —> Qazovat
—> Hulosa —> Fahmish

Guftem, ki mo mavodhoi kitobi darsiro dar borai tabiat khonda va fahmidaem. Vale in baroi odam charo lozim ast?

Donishi mazkur ba odam chi medihad? Donish baroi on baroi odam lozim ast, to vayro dar hayoti shakhsiyash istifoda barad. Tanho hangomi istifodai donishhoi odam dar hayoti ruzmarraash natijahoi on malum megardad. Inro amaliya menomand.

Dar khulosa metavonem biguem, ki darki modiyati tabiat az tarafi inson az dar- ki dissy shuru tuda ba tafakkur intiqol meyobad.

Natijadoi( donishdoi) ba dastomada dar amaliya istifoda meshavand. CHunin ast rodi dialektikii darki tabiat (V. I. Lenin).

Tolibilmoni aziz! Kushish namoed, to modiyati tabiatro durust dark namo­ed, qazovat kardanro biyomuzed, khulosai durust barovardanro az andeshadoi khud yod bigired. Tando on vaqt SHumo doroy salodiyatnokie meshaved, ki ba SHumo fanni «Tabiatshinosy» takdim medorad.

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