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Khususigardonii molikiyati davlati

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai khususigardonii molikiyati davlati

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  s. 1997, №10, mod. 160;  s. 2002, №4, q. 1, mod. 167; s. 2003, №12, mod. 699; s. 2009, №3, mod. 90; Qonuni JT az 23.07.2016 s., №1352)

Moddai 1. Muqarraroti umumi

In Qonun munosibathoi bayni davlatro dar shakhsi maqomoti vakolatdori on va shakhsoni huquqiyu voqei dar rafti khususigardonii molikiyati davlati muqarrar menamoyad.

Moddai 2. Mafhumi khususigardoni

Khusussigardoni – faoliyatest, ki az tarafi davlat muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarshuda oidi dodani huquqi molikiyat ba shakhsoni huquqi va voqei anjom doda meshavad.

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba khususigardoni

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba khususigardoni ba Konstitutsiya, qonunhoi konstitutsioni va digar qonunho, sanadhoi huquqii Prezident, Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston va maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli asos meyobad.

Khususigardonii molikiyati Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki berun az hududi on qaror dorad, tavassuti in Qonun tanzim megardad, agar dar sanadhoi huquqii baynalkhalqii az tarafi Jumhurii Tojikiston etirofshuda tartibi digar peshbini nagardida boshad.

Moddai 4. Prinsiphoi asosii guzaronidani khususigardoni

Prinsiphoi asosii guzaronidani khususigardoni az inho iboratand:

qonuni budan;

oshkor budan;

barobarii huquqi shahrvandon baroi giriftani hissai amvole, ki boyad khususi gardonida shavad;

raqobat;

vorisiyati huquqi va masuliyati baynihamdigarii tarafho.

 

Moddai 5. Maqomote, ki az tarafi davlat dar sohai khususigardoni vakolatdor shudaand

Maqomoti vakolatdori davlati dar sohai khususigardoni inho meboshand:

dar mavridi molikiyati jumhuriyavi  – Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston;

dar mavridi molikiyati Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, shahrho, nohiyaho – Majlishoi dakhldori vakiloni khalq va dar hududi salohiyati khud, – Raisoni Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, shahrho va nohiyaho.

 

Moddai 6. Vakolathoi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai khususigardoni

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar hududi salohiyati khud;

idorakunii ravandi khususigardonii molikiyati davlatiro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston tamin menamoyad;

barnomai khususigardonii molikiyati davlatiro tasdiq mekunad;

tartib va usulhoi muayyan namudani arzishi obekthoi khususigardonidashavandaro muqarrar menamoyad;

oid ba masalahoi khususigardoni qarorhoi operativi qabul mekunad.

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonad ba tartibi muqarrarkardai qonun yak qismi vakolathoi khudro dar sohai khususigardoni ba maqomoti vakolatdori davlatii idorai amvoli davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston voguzor namoyad.

Moddai 7. Vakolathoi maqomoti hokimiyati mahalli dar sohai khususigardoni

Vakolathoi Majlishoi vakiloni khalq, Raisoni Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho va shahru nohiyaho dar sohai khususigardoni, ki az moddai 5 in Qonun barmeoyand, bo qonunhoi konstitutsioni va digar qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston tanzim karda meshavand.

Moddai 8. Obekthoi khususigardoni

Obekthoi khususigardoni inho meboshand:

a) tamomi namudhoi amvoli korkhonahoi davlati, ki baroi faoliyati onho tamin shudaand, inchunin huquqi zaministifodabari dar qitahoi zamine, ki onho dar on jo voqeand, huquqi talabkuni, qarzho, huquqhoi istisnoi, ki ba korkhona hamchun ba shakhsi huquqi taalluq dorand;

b) bakhshho va vohidhoi sokhtorii istehsoli va gayriistehsolii korkhonai davlati hamchun majmui amvole, ki khususigardonii onho silsilai yagonai tekhnologiro vayron namekunad;

v) amvoli alohidai (judo kardashuda, ki makhsus baroi khususigardoni peshbini shudaand) korkhonai davlati;

g) sahmiyahoi tashkilotu korkhonahoi marbuti davlat.

Amvoli davlati az lahzai qabul shudani qaror az tarafi maqomi davlatii dar moddai 5 in Qonun zikrshuda oid ba khususigardonii on ba obekti khususigardoni tabdil meyobad.

Moddai 9. Obektkhoe, ki khususi gardonida nameshavand

Obekthoe, ki mutobiqi moddai 13 Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston molikiyati makhsusi davlati meboshand, hamchunin obekthoi merosi tarikhi va sarvati milli, binoho va inshooti maqomoti idorakuni va hokimiyati davlati va hokimiyati mahalli, sistemahoi obi nushoki, korkhonahoi mudofia  korkhonaho oid ba nigohdoshti partovhoi radioaktivi, inchunin amvoli nerugohi barqi obii «Norak», nerugohi barqi obii «Rogun» va korkhonai vohidi davlatii «Shirkati Alyuminiyi Tojik» khususi gardonida nameshavand. (QJT az 26.03.09s №497).

Khususigardonii obekthoe, ki faoliyati iqtisodiyoti shahrho va nohiyahoro tamin mekunand: inshooti kompleksi suzishvoriyu energetiki; inshooti khojagii ob (ba istisnoi sistemahoi obrasonii obi nushoki), rohhoi ohan va rohhoi avtomobilgard, shabakahoi aloqa; obekthoi nigahdorii tandurusti va maorif bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston surat megirad.

Nomgui obekthoero, ki mutobiqi in Qonun khususi gardonida nameshavand, Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad.

Obekthoi peshbininamudai moddai 8 va qismi duyumi moddai mazkur, ki tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai sharikii davlat va bakhshi khususi» ba sharikii davlat va bakhshi khususi doda shudaand, dar davrai amali sozishnomai sharikii davlat va bakhshi khususi, khususi gardonida nameshavand(QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1352).

 

Moddai 10. Subekthoi khususigardoni

Ashkhosi voqei va huquqi subekthoi khususigardoni meboshand.

Ashkhosi huquqie, ki dar fondi oinnomavii onho hissai davlat az 25% ziyod ast, subektkhoi khususigardoni buda nametavonand.

Tartibi shirkati ashkhosi voqei va huquqii khorijiro dar khususigardonii molikiyati davlati, qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 11. Shaklho va sharthoi khususigardoni

Khususigardoni ba shaklhoi zerin surat megirad:

a) ba savdo guzoshta furukhtan;

b) az rui loihai infirodii khususigardoni dar asosi ozmun.

Muayyan namudani shaklho va sharthoi khususigardoni, tartibi guzaronidani savdo, hamchunin tasdiqi loihahoi infirodii khususigardoniro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menunad.

 

Moddai 12. Ba savdo guzoshta furukhtani obekthoi khususigardoni

Savdo ba namudi muzoyada yo tender guzaronida meshavad.

To guzaronidani savdo furushanda vazifador ast bo talabi kharidor ba u oidi obekte, ki khususi gardonida meshavad, malumoti purra dihad.

 

Moddai 13. Loihai infirodii khususigardoni

Obekthoi makhsusan muhim va muhim, ki nomgui onhoro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad, muvofiqi loihahoi infidori khususi gardonida meshavand.

Loihai infirodii khususigardoni az inho iborat ast:

1) tahlili hamajonibai faoliyat va qobiliyati raqobati obekt;

2) muayyan namudani arzishi majmui amvolii on;

3) muayyan namudani andozai majmui davlatii sahmiyahoi furukhtashavanda;

4) nizomi digargunihoi peshnihodshavandai tashkiliyu sokhtori, tekhnologi va tagyiroti digari obekt;

5) intikhobi namudi khususigardoni.

Ijroi tabiqi loihai infirodii khususigardoniro badi tasdiqi on Komissiyai jumhuriyavii khususigardonii obekthoi molikiyati davlati az rui loihahoi infirodi amali megardonad. Rafti ijroi talaboti shartnomai kharidu furushi obekthoi molikiyati davlatiro mutobiqi loihahoi infirodi maqomoti vakolatdori davlatii idorai amvoli davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston nazorat mekunad.

 

Moddai 14. Kogazhoi qimatnoki khususigardoni

Bo maqsadi tamini adolati ijtimoi va sharoiti ibtidoii barobar baroi shirkat dar khususigardoni ba shahrvandon jubron namudani sahmi onho dar tasisi amvoli davlati az kogazhoi qimatnoki khususigardoni istifoda burda meshavad, ki onho baroi sohibonashon ba hissai muayyani molikiyati davlati huquq medihand.

Sharoiti barorish tartibi muomilot va istifodai qogazhoi arzishnoki khususigardoni az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 141. Furushi bastai sahmiyahoi ba davlat taalluqdoshta dar sarmoyai oinnomavi

Furushi bastai sahmiyahoi ba davlat taalluqdoshtai jamiyathoi sahomii zerin dar asosi ozmun mutobiqi  loihai infirodii khususigardoni anjom doda meshavad:

– jamiyathoi sahomie, ki khususigardonii onho bo Qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad;

– jamiyathoi sahomie, ki dar bozori dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston mavqei afzaliyatnok yo inhisoriro (monopoliro) ishgol mekunand;

– jamiyathoi sahomie, ki ba vazi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii Jumhurii Tojikiston tasiri jiddi merasonand.

Khususigardonii jamiyathoi sahomie, ki ba vazi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii Jumhurii Tojikiston tasiri jiddi merasonand, bo shartu uhdadorihoi muayyani sarmoyaguzori va yo ijtimoie, ki boyad az jonibi kharidor ijro karda shavand, amali karda meshavad.

Furushi sahmiyahoi ba davlat taalluqdoshtai jamiyathoi sahomii kushoda dar holate amali karda meshavad, ki hajmi  sahmiyahoi kharidashavanda ba kharidor imkoniyati idorai samaranoki jamiyati sahomiro tamin namoyad, ki baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi tibqi sharthoi ozmun qabulkarda zarur ast. (QJT az 26.03.09s №497).

 

Moddai 142. Huquqi makhsus («sahmiyai tilloi»)

Bo maqsadi hifzi manfiathoi muhimi strategii davlat Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston hangomi tabdil dodani korkhonahoi davlati ba jamiyathoi sahomi  va yo qabuli  qaror oid ba furushi sahmiyahoi ba davlat taalluqdoshtai jamiyathoi  sahomi metavonad dar holathoi istisnoi nisbati onho oid ba istifodai huquqhoi makhsus jihati ishtiroki Jumhurii Tojikiston dar idorakunii jamiyathoi sahomii kushodai  zikrgardida qaror qabul namoyad  (huquqhoi makhsus – «sahmiyai tilloi»).

Nomgui jamiyathoi sahomii kushodae, ki dar onho huquqhoi makhsus («sahmiyai tiloi») tatbiq megardand, bo Qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq karda meshavad.

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston badi qabuli qaror oid ba istifodai huquqhoi makhsus («sahmiyai tilloi») namoyandai  khudro dar Shuroi direktoroni jamiyati sahomii kushoda tain menamoyad va in huquq boyad dar Oinnomai jamiyati sahomii dakhldor peshbini karda shavad.

Jamiyati  sahomie, ki nisbati on qaror dar borai huquqhoi makhsus («sahmiyai tilloi») qabul gardidaast, uhdador ast, ki dar borai muhlati barguzorii majlisi umumii sahmiyadoron va ruznomai on bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston namoyandai davlatro khabardor namoyad.

Huquqhoi  makhsus («sahmiyai tilloi») ba dorandai khud – Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar vaqti qabuli qarori majlisi umumii sahmiyadoron  huquqi mankuniro nisbat ba halli chunin masalaho medihad:

– oid ba vorid namudani tagyiru ilovaho ba Oinnomai jamiyati sahomi va yo tasdiqi Oinnomai jamiyati sahomi dar tahriri nav;

– oid ba aznavtashkildihii jamiyati sahomi;

– oid ba barhamdihii jamiyati sahomi;

– oid ba bastani ahdhoi kalon va ahdhoe, ki nisbati onho manfiatdori dar anjomi ahd vujud dorad  va tibqi Oinnoma rozigii majlisi umumii sahmiyadoronro talab menamoyand;

– dar holati qabuli qarorhoe, ki baroi iqtisodiyoti jumhuri  ahamiyati kalon dorand.

Maqomi vakolatdor, ki davlatro muarrifi menamoyad, huquq dorad az nigohdorandai fehristi kogazhoi qimatnoki jamiyati sahomi, ki  dar on davlat huquqhoi makhsus («sahmiyai tilloi») dorad, dar borai nomgui sohibmulkoni kogazhoi qimatnoki jamiyati sahomii dar fehristi mazkur baqaydgiriftashuda oid ba miqdor, namud va arzishi nominalii kogazhoi qimatnok malumot girad.

Qaror oid ba qati huquqhoi makhsus («sahmiyai  tilloi») az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii  Tojikiston qabul karda meshavad.

Huquqhoi makhsus («sahmiyai tilloi») to qabuli qaror oid ba qati on amal menamoyand.

Dar yak vaqt vobasta  namudani sahmiyahoi jamiyati sahomi ba molikiyati davlati va nisbati hamin jamiyati sahomi istifoda burdani huquqhoi makhsus («sahmiyai tilloi») man ast. Huquqhoi makhsus («sahmiyai tilloi») ba sahmiyahoi jamiyathoi sahomie, ki nisbati onho qaror oid ba istifodai huquqi mazkur qabul gardidaast, ivaz karda nameshavand.  (QJT az 26.03.09s №497).

Moddai 15. Paydoishi huquqi molikiyat ba obekti khususigardonidashuda

Huquqi molikiyat ba obekti khususigardonidashuda az lahzai ba tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonun ba qaydi davlati girifta shudani huquqi molikiyat etibor paydo mekunad.

Hujjati tasdiqkunandai huquqi molikiyat ba majmui amvol Shahodatnoma dar borai baqaydgirii huquqi molikiyat, ki onro idorai notariati davlatii mahali joygirshavii obekti furukhtashuda medihad, ba hisob meravad.

Hujjati tasdiqkuknandai huquqi molikiyat ba sahmiyahoi furukhtashuda Shahodatnoma dar borai sohibii sahmiyahoi jamiyathoi sahhomi ba hisob meravad, ki onro maqomoti az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston vakolatdor shuda oid ba peshburd va nigohdoshti fehrasti dorandagoni kogazhoi qimatnok medihad.

 

Moddai 16. Mablaghoi az khususigardoni voridshavanda

Mablaghoi az khususigardoni ba dastomada bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzori ba bujeti davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston vorid megardand.

Qisme az mablaghoi az hisobi ijroi amvoli davlati va dividenthoi paketi davlatii sahmiyahoi jamiyathoi sahhomi ba dast omada bo maqsadi baland bardoshtani imkoniyathoi funksionali va behtar namudani taminoti moddiyu tekhniki metavonand ba ikhtiyori maqomoti vakolatdori davlatii idorai amvoli davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston monda shavand. Hajm va tartibi istifodai in mablaghoro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

Moddai 161. Ittiloot dar khususi jarayoni khususigardoni

Maqomoti vakolatdori davlatii idorai amvoli davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston boyad dar khususi jarayoni khususigardonii molikiyati davlati dar vositahoi akhbori omma ittiloot pahn namoyad.

 

Moddai 17. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani in Qonun

Baroi vayron kardani in Qonun mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston javobgari peshbini shudaast.

 

      Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                              E. RAHMONOV

 

sh. Dushanbe, 16 may soli 1997                            

№464                                                      

 

QARORI MAJLISI OLII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 

Oidi tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston

«Dar borai khususigardonii molikiyati davlati»

 

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  soli  1997, №10, mod. 161)

 

Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror mekunad:

  1. Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai khususigardonii molikiyati davlati» az lahzai nashri rasmiash mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.
  2. Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston:

dar khususi ba Qonuni mazkur mutobiq gardonidani qonunhoi jori ba Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston taklifho peshnihod namoyad;

qarorhoi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikistonro ba Qonuni mazkur mutobiq gardonad.

 

Raisi Majlisi Olii

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                 S. RAJABOV

 

sh. Dushanbe, 16 may soli 1997

№465

 

 

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