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Hususiyati asosii (bofishi) bofti mato

Mato az bofti rishtahoi toru pud, yane qadu bar tarkib meyobad. Hususiyathoi boft harkhela ast, vale se namudi asosii boftan – katoni, sarjayu satini yo atlasi mavjud ast. Bofti katonni az ruy va qafoi mato naqshi yakkhela doshta, baroi tarkib yoftani on du remizok lozim ast.

mato

Bofti katoni vase istifoda meshavad. Rezishu tor-tori mato dar bofti katoni nazar ba sarjayu satini kamtar ast, zero dar sarjayu satini rishtahoi toru pud bayni khud kamtar payvast shudaand.

Dar gazvorhoi pakhtagi bofti katoniro baroi tayyor kardani khomsuf, batist, sufi pakhta, chit, markizet va gayra istifoda mebarand.

Dar matoi zagirpoyavi baroi karbos, dar matohoi pashmin baroi mohut, dar shohivor baroi krepdishin, shifon va gayra istifoda mebarand.

Bofti katonii bayni bofishi matoho az hama oddi va ham pahngashta meboshad.

Behtarin matohoi bofishi katoni buda, yane payvastagii zichi bayni toru pud, nakhu rishta boisi on megardad, ki mato mustahkam, purbardosht, dar vaqti shustan tobovar, kamtar kashish khurii rishtai pud baroi yozishi mato sharoit muhayyo mekunad, yane mato metavonad kamtar kashola shavad va barqadi mato kam ziyodiro nishon medihad, ki dar vaqti burishi mato va dukhtani masnuot ba in khosiyatho boyad ahamiyat dod.

Dar vaqti bofishi katoni intikhobi rishta ahamiyati kalon dorad.

Matoi bisyor tunuk doka yo matoi gafs – karbos, khomsufro tayyor kunem, chi qadare, ki rishtai tunuk girem mato tunuk meshavad chi qadare ki rishtaro gafs girem mato gafs meshavad.

Oyo shumo medoned?

Az koftukovhoi misriyoni qadim malum gardid, ki namunai matohoe, ki dar 1 sm2 – 84 rishtai asos (tor) va 60-to rishtai pud (kundalang) bozyoftaand ki to mo boqimonda. 240 m matoi boriki nafis hamagi 1 g vazn doshtaast.

Dar boriki matohoi zagirin az abreshimin chandon farq namekunad. Bofanda rishtaro bo dast his mekunad. Fakturai mato gunogun ast.

Dar davrai podshohii davrai oriyoi matohoro bo marjon, va zarduzi oroish medodand. Oroishi mato khususiyati handasavi (geometri) dosht, naqshho dar hamai matoho dar nazdi milk sar karda joygir meshudand.

Bad digar ranghoro istifoda meburdagi shudand. Matoro bo ranghoi gunoguni rastanigi, ki ranghoi surkh, kabud, bunafsh dorand rang mekardand. Az in malum meshavad, ki matohoi zagirini davrai pesh bisyor nafis zebo va mahin budand.

Ramzhoi jahoni oid ba nigohubini mato.

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