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Hujumi artishi Rusiya ba Osiyoi Markazi

Bo sababhoi dar bolo nishon dodashuda soli 1864 hujumi gusturdai artishi Rusiya ba davlathoi Osiyoi Markazi ogoz yoft. Mohi sentyabri soli 1864 CHimkent ba gosibon taslim shud. Badi in artishi istilogaroni Rusiya ba sui Toshkent rahsipor shud. Dar okhirhoi mohi apreli soli 1865 muhofizoni qalai Niyozbek az rusho shikast khurdand. 15 iyuni soli 1865 artishi Rusiya yake az shahrhoi kalontarini Osiyoi Markazi-Toshkentro ham ba dast darovard. In shahr tiramohi soli 1868 ba hayati Rusiya dokhil karda shud.

Dar miyonahoi soli 1865 amiri Bukhoro Muzaffar ba vodii Fargona lashkar kashid. Lashkari Quqand alayhi dastahoi artishi amorati Bukhoro ba tavri boyadu shoyad muqovimat karda natavonist. Ba hamin sabab amir Muzaffar Quqandro bo osoni zabt karda, hokimi sobiqi on Hudoyorkhoni baroi zolimiash az tarafi shurishgaron az hokimiyat dur kardashudaro dubora ba takhti khonii in davlat shinond.

Amir Muzaffar az muvaffaqiyati khud ilhom girifta, safironashro ba Toshkent mefiristonad, to ki ba namoyandagoni Rusiya rasonand, ki in shahrro favran monda ravand. Lekin talabi amir be javob memonad.

Neruhoi harbii rusho dar Osiyoi Markazi hamono istilogarii khudro idoma medodand. Gubernatori harbii Turkiston M. G. CHernyaev mohhoi yanvaru fevrali soli 1866 chandin marotiba ba hujum guzashta, qalai Jizzakhro fath kardani shud, vale az uhdai in kor nabaromad. Az in ru, ba joi M. G. CHernyaev gubernatori harbii Turkiston D. I. Romanovskiy tayin megardad. 8 mayi soli 1866 gubernator, navi harbii Turkiston dar muhoribai Erchar ba sipohiyoni amir shikast medihad. Badi in D. I. Romanovskiy muvaqqatan az ishgoli amorati Bukhoro dast kashida, ba tarafi Hujand harakat kard va 24 mayi soli 1866 in shahr, 2 oktyabri hamon sol qalai Nov va az pasi on istehkomi Urotepparo niz ishgol mekunad. D.I. Romanovskiy tanho badi in muzaffariyatho neruhoi harbii khudro ba sui Bukhoro ravon kard.

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Amir Muzaffar boshad, ba jangi ziddi Rusiya qodir nabud. 18 oktyabri soli 1866 artishi Rusiya Jizzakhro ishgol namuda, mavqei khudro dar khoki Bukhoro mustahkam karda, ba hujumi ziddi Samarqand omodagi megirift.

Hukumati Rusiya baroi muzofothoi istilokardai Osiyoi Markazi sistemai idorakunii mustamlikavii khudro tashkil kard. Soli 1867 on General-Gubernatorii Turkistonro tasis namud. General-gubernatori avvalini in mustamlikai Rusiya K. P. Kaufman tayin gardid.

Avvalhoi soli 1868 Hudoyorkhon ba qarordod dar borai ba imperiyai Rusiya tobe budani khonii Quqand imzo guzosht. Hudi hamon sol artishi rusho tahti rohbarii K. P. Kaufman duyumbora ba tarafi Bukhoro rahsipor shudand. Askaroni K. P. Kaufman badi ishgoli Jizzakh 2 mayi soli 1868 shahri Samarqandro niz ishgol kardand. Aknun navbat ba Bukhoro rasid. Dar sari rohi on Qattaqurgon meistod. Amir Muzaffar tamomi Neruhoi harbii khudro dar in jo ba muqobili artishi Rusiya guzosht, vale on dar nazdikii Zirabuloq shikast khurd. Badi in shikasti sharmandavor amir Muzaffar avval khost, ki az amiri dast kashad, vale batar az in andeshai khud dast kashida, ba nazdi general K. P. Kaufman elchi (safir, namoyanda) firistod. Hudash boshad, ba Bukhoro rafta, ba javobi K. P. Kaufman intizor shud.

General-gubernatori Turkiston K. P. Kaufman peshnihodi amir Muzaffarro oidi sulh qabul kard. Muvofiqi Sozishnomai sulhi Zirabuloq az 23 iyuni soli 1868 qismi qalamravi Bukhoroi az tarafi askaroni Rusiya ishgolkarda ba Rusiya guzasht. Bukhoro huquqi bo davlathoi khoriji mustaqilona munosibat kardanro az dast dod. Hamin tariq, amiri Bukhoro ba vassali halqabargushi imperiyai Rusiya tabdil yoft. Agenti Kulli siyosii Rusiya az Kogon istoda, ba faoliyati amiri Bukhoro nazorat mekard.

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