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Hujjati elektroni

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON 

Dar borai hujjati elektroni 

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s.2002, №4, q.1, mod.308; s.2005, №12, mod.637;

s.2012, №12, q.1, mod.1002; s. 2013, № 7, mod. 523; QJT az 31.12.2014,  № 1174)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi ba kor burdani hujjathoi elektroni, talaboti asosi ba hujjathoi elektroni, inchunin huquq, vazifaho va masuliyati ishtirokchiyoni munosibathoi huquqiro, ki dar sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni ba amal meoyand, muqarrar menamoyad.

BOBI 1.

MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

(QJT az 28.12.12 s., №908)

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

 Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

hujjati elektroni – malumote, ki dar homili moshini sabt shudaast va ba talaboti muqarrarkardai Qonuni mazkur muvofiqat mekunad;

 – gardishi hujjathoi elektroni – tartibdihi, istifoda, nigohdori va mubodilai hujjathoi elektroni, ki ba vositai tekhnologiyahoi ittilootiyu kommunikatsioni amali meshavand;

homili moshini – diski magniti,  lentai magniti, diski lazeri va digar  homilhoi  moddi,  ki  dar  sabtu nigohdorii malumot ba vositai tekhnikai elektroniyu hisobbaror istifoda burda meshavand;

digar vositahoi hammonandkuni – digar vositahoi hammonandkunii murattibi hujjati elektroni, ki shakhsoni huquqi metavonand onhoro bo maqsadi istifodabari hangomi gardishi dokhili yo baynihamdigarii hujjati elektroni dar muvofiqa qabul namoyand;

murattibi hujjati elektroni – shakhsi voqei yo huquqi, ki az nomi khud yo az nomi shakhsi digar (bo suporish u) hujjati elektroniro bo istifoda az vositahoi tekhnologiyahoi ittilootiyu kommunikatsioni tartib dodaast;

nuskhai elektronii hujjati kogazi – nuskhabardorii hujjati kogazi dar shakli elektronii raqami, ki ba talaboti muqarrarnamudai Qonuni mazkur javobgu meboshad;

nuskhai elektronii hujjati elektroni – nuskhabardorii hujjati elektroni dar shakli elektronii raqami, ki bo vositahoi hammonandkunii az etibor soqitshuda va hammonandkunandahoi hujjati elektronii etibordoshta aks gardidaast va az rui shakli khud ba talaboti Qonuni mazkur mutobiq meboshad; 

imzoi elektroni – hamshabehi imzoi dasti, ki baroi hammonandkunii shakhsi hujjati elektroniro imzokarda peshbini shudaast va haqiqi budani onro tasdiq mekunad;

moliki sistema va shabakahoi  ittilooti – subekte,  ki  doroi huquqi  sohibi,  istifoda  va ikhtiyordori namudani sistema va shabakahoi ittilooti meboshad.

 (QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

Moddai 2. Sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni

Hujjati elektroni dar hamai sohahoi faoliyate, ki  dar onho vositahoi barnomavi va tekhniki baroi tayyor kardan, korkard, nigohdori, irsol va qabuli ittiloot zarurand, istifoda shuda metavonad. Bo kumaki hujjathoi elektroni ahdho (shartnomaho) basta shuda metavonad,  hisobbarobarkuniho surat girifta, mukotiba, irsol va qabuli hujjatho va digar malumotho ba amal meoyand.

Mahdudiyat dar istifodai hujjathoi  elektroni dar mavridhoi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar shuda metavonad.

Hujjathoi elektroni tavassuti hamai vositahoi aloqa, az jumla sistemaho va shabakahoi  ittilooti, agar in ba  qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  va shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston mukholifat nakunad, firistoda shuda metavonand.

Moddai 3. Subekthoi munosibati huquqi dar sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni

Dar sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni davlat, dar shakhsi maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, shakhsoni huquqi va voqei, inchunin davlathoi khoriji, tashkilothoi baynalmilali, shakhsoni huquqi va voqeii khoriji va shakhsoni beshahrvand subekthoi munosibati huquqi donista meshavand.

SHaklhoi munosibati subektho dar sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni bo shartnomaho tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tanzim karda meshavand.

Moddai 4. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai hujjati elektroni

(QJT az 28.12.12 s., №908)

Qonunguzorii  Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai hujjathoi elektroni ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof namudaast, iborat ast.(QJT az 28.12.12 s., №908; az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

 Moddai 5. Idorakuni va tanzimi davlatii gardishi hujjathoi elektroni

Idorakuni va tanzimi davlatii gardishi hujjathoi elektroni mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba tamini himoyai huquq va manfiathoi qonunii ishtirokchiyoni munosibathoi huquqi dar sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni, tamini himoyai malumot hangomi tayyor kardani on, korkard, irsol, qabul va nigohdorii vay va digar maqsadho nigaronda shudaast.

Idorakuni va tanzimi davlatiro dar sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston anjom medihad.

BOBI 2.

HUJJATI ELEKTRONI 

Moddai 6. Talaboti asosi ba hujjathoi elektroni

Hujjati elektroni boyad ba talaboti zerin muvofiqat kunad:

-tavassuti vositahoi barnomavi va tekhniki tayyor shuda, korkard shavad, irsol, qabul va hifz gardad;

-doroi nishonahoe boshad, ki imkoniyatdihandai hammonandkunii on boshand; (QJT az 28.12.12 s., №908)

-dar shakle peshnihod gardad, ki qobili qabuli fahmi inson boshad.

 

Moddai 7. Tarkibi hujjati elektroni

 

Hujjati elektroni az du qismi tarkibi – umumi va makhsus iborat ast.

Qismi umumii hujjati elektroni az malumoti doroi mazmuni hujjat va malumot dar borai girandai  maktub iborat ast.

Qismi makhsusi hujjati elektroni az yak yo yakchand imzohoi elektronii raqami yo digar vositahoi hammonandkunii murattib, ki ba qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mukholif nestand iborat ast.(QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

 

Moddai 8. SHaklhoi peshnihod kardani hujjati elektroni

 

Hujjati elektroni shaklhoi peshnihodi dokhili va beruni dorad.

SHakli peshnihodi dokhilii hujjati elektroni az sabti  ittilooti on hujjat dar  homili moshini iborat ast.

SHakli peshnihodi berunii hujjati elektroni az tajdidi in hujchat dar ekrani displey, dar qogaz yo digar mavodi az homili  moshini judoshavanda dar namudi ba chashm namoyon (be vositahoi tekhniki) va qobili qabuli fahmi inson, iborat ast.

 

Moddai 9. Asli hujjati elektroni

 

Asli hujjati elektroni tanho dar homili moshini mavjud ast. Hamai nuskhahoi hujjati elektroni, ki dar homili moshini qayd shudaast va yake ba digare monand ast, asl hisobida meshavand. (QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

Dar holate, ki az tarafi yak shakhs hujjat dar homili  qogazi tayyor meshavad va hujjati elektroni, ki az rui mazmun ba on hammonand ast, har du hujjat hujjathoi mustaqil hisobida meshavand.

Hujjati elektroni dar on surat asl hisobida meshavad, ki agar on  doroi imzoi elektronii javobgu ba talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo digar vositahoi hammonandkunii murattib  boshad. (QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

 

Moddai 10. Nuskhai hujjati elektroni va tasdiqi on

 

Nuskhai hujjati  elektroni bo rohi tasdiqi namunai hujjati elektronii dar homili kogazi yo bo istifoda az imzoi elektroni peshnihodshuda va yo digar vositahoi hammonandkuni, ki ba talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston javobgu meboshand, tayyor karda meshavad. Nuskhabardorii  asl yo nuskhai hujjati elektroni, ki ba tavri dakhldor tasdiq karda nashudaast, etibori huquqi nadorad.

 

(QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

 

Moddai 11. Etibori huquqii hujjati elektroni

 

Hujjati elektroni dar homili moshini bo hujjat dar homili kogazi barobar donista meshavad va bo on etibori yakkhelai huquqi dorad. 

Agar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namoyad, ki hujjat ba tavri khatti ba rasmiyat darovarda shavad va yo dar shakli khatti peshnihod gardad, pas hujjati elektroni ba in talabot mutobiq donista meshavad.

Hujjati elektroni baimzorasida etirof karda meshavad, agar hangomi imzoi on imzoi elektroni yo digar vositahoi hammonandkunii murattib, ki ba qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mutobiq meboshand, istifoda shuda boshand. Tarzi hammonandkunii shakhsi imzokarda hamchunin metavonad bo muvofiqai tarafho peshbini gardad.

Agar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiqi notariali va (yo) baqaydgirii davlatii hujjati elektroniro talab namoyad, hujjati elektroni yo nuckhai on boyad bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq karda shavad yo ba qayd girifta shavad.

 

(QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

 

Moddai 12. bo QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174 khorij karda shud

Moddai 13. bo QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174 khorij karda shud

Moddai 14. bo QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174 khorij karda shud

Moddai 15. bo QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174 khorij karda shud

 

Moddai 16. Nigohdorii hujjathoi elektroni

 

Nigohdorii hujjathoi elektroni az jonibi tashkilothoe, ki faoliyati boygoni va faoliyati nigohdorii malumoti hujjatnokshudaro anjom medihand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston surat megirad.

Tartibi nigohdori va nest kardani hujjathoi elektroni, inchunin huquq va uhdadorihoi shakhsoni masulro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

 

(QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

 

Moddai 161. Tayyor namudan, ba rasmiyat darovardan, nigohdori va gardishi hujjathoi 

                            elektroni

Agar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi namudhoi alohidai hujjathoi kogazi talabot oid ba tayyor namudan, ba rasmiyat darovardan, nigohdori va gardishi onhoro peshbini namoyand, in talabot ba hujjathoi elektroni niz bo nazardoshti khususiyathoi tayyor namudan, ba rasmiyat darovardan, nigohdori va gardishi onho dakhl dorand.

Dar mavridhoi zaruri talaboti muayyane, ki ba hujjathoi kogazi peshnihod megardand, metavonand bekor karda shavand yo bo digar talabot nisbat ba hujjathoi elektroni ivaz karda shavand.

Qoidahoi tayyor namudan, ba rasmiyat darovardan, nigohdori va gardishi hujjathoi elektroni baroi maqomoti davlati, inchunin tartibi gardishi hujjathoi elektroni bayni maqomoti davlati,  shakhsoni voqei va huquqi bo sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, shartnomaho va sozishnomahoi bayni ishtirokchiyoni in munosibathoi huquqi muayyan karda meshavand.

 

(QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

 

Moddai 17. Himoyai hujjati elektroni

 

SHakhsone, ki bo tayyor kardan, korkard, qabul, irsol va nigohdorii hujjathoi elektroni mashguland, boyad az vositahoi barnomavi va  tekhniki, ki sathi zarurii himoyai in hujjathoro tamin menamoyand, istifoda barand.

Sathi zarurii himoyai hujjathoi elektroni va ittiloote, ki dar onho mavjudand, hangomi istifodai sistemayu shabakahoi ittilooti baroi tashkili gardishi hujjathoi elektroni az tarafi moliki in sistemayu shabakaho tamin meshavand.

 

Moddai 18. Hujjathoi elektronii doroi ittiloote, ki pahn kardann on man shudaast yo mahdud

                      gardidaast

 

Mazmuni hujjathoi elektroni az malumoti doroi sirri davlati, khizmati yo tijorati va digar malumot iborat buda metavonad, ki pahn kardani onho man shudaast yo mahdud gardidaast. Qoidahoi istifoda va chorahoi himoyai malumotro qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar mekunad.

Maqomoti davlati va shakhsoni huquqi, shakhsoni voqeie, ki vazifahoi onho kor bo hujjathoi elektronii doroi malumoti dar qismi yakumi moddai mazkur zikrgardida meboshand, uhdadorand, ki hangomi guzaronidani hujjathoi elektroni ba vositai kanalhoi aloqa sistemahoi sertifikatsiyashudai himoyai ittilootro istifoda barand. (QJT az 28.12.12 s., №908)

 

Moddai 181. Vaqt, mahalli irsol va qabuli hujjati elektroni

 

Agar bo muvofiqai tarafho holati digar peshbini nashuda boshad, vaqti irsoli hujjati elektroni lahzae hisobida meshavad, ki hujjati elektroni az shabakai ittilootii irsolkunanda yo shabakai ittilootii shakhsi peshnihodkunandai khizmatrasoni oid ba irsoli hujjati elektroni mebaroyad. Agar bo muvofiqai tarafho holati digar peshbini nashuda boshad, vaqti qabul kardani hujjati elektroni lahzae hisobida meshavad, ki hujjati elektroni ba shabakai ittilootii shakhsi qabulkunanda yo shabakai ittilootii shakhsi peshnihodkunandai khizmatrasoni oid ba qabuli hujjati elektroni vorid megardad.

 

(QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174)

 

 

Bobhoi 3 va 4 bo QJT az 31.12.14 s., №1174 khorij karda shudand

 

BOBI 5.

MASULIYATI SHAHSONE, KI DAR SOHAI GARDISHI HUJJATHOI ELEKTRONI

FAOLIYAT MEKUNAND

 

Moddai 24. Masuliyati shakhsone, ki dar sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni faoliyat mekunand

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki ba khizmatrasoni dar sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni mashguland, tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar nazdi mushtariyoni khud baroi khizmat narasonidan yo sifati nomunosibi khizmatrasoni, inchunin baroi zarari ba onho rasonidashuda masul meboshand.

SHakhsoni az rui vazifahoi khizmatiashon huquqi dastrasi ba malumoti dar hujjathoi elektroni mavjudbuda doshta, ki pahn kardani onho man yo mahdud karda shudaast, baroi makhfiyati onho tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston shakhsan masul meboshand.

 

(QJT az 28.12.12 s., №908)

 

BOBI 6.

HAMKORIIBAYNALMILALI

DAR SOHAI GARDISHI HUJJATHOI ELEKTRONI

 

Moddai 25. Hamkorii baynalmilali

 

Subekthoi munosibati huquki dar  sohai gardishi hujjathoi elektroni metavonand dar barnomaho va loihahoi baynalmilali ishtirok kunand, bo tashkilothoi khoriji va baynalmilali,  shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni  beshahrvand shartnomaho bandand, inchunin sistemayu shabakahoi  ittilootii  baynalmilaliro mutobiqi qonunguzori va shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston  istifoda barand.

 

BOBI 7.

MUQARRAROTI  HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 26. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur 

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

(QJT az 28.12.12 s., №908)

 

 

Prezidenti
Jumhurii TojikistonE.Rahmonov

 

sh.Dushanbe, 10 mayi soli 2002

№ 51

 

 

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