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Hujand va Uroteppa dar asri XVII — nimai avvali asri XVIII

Du shahri qadimai khalqi tojik Hujand va Uroteppa dar asri XVII badan hamqismat gashta az tarafi yak hokim idora meshudand. Dar ibtidoi hukmronii khonhoi sulolai Ashtarkhoni az parokandagii ruydoda istifoda namuda, Hujand va umuman vodii Fargona, Uroteppa va Toshkand az itoati Bukhoro baromadand.

Dar solhoi hukmronii Imomqulnkhon Uroteppa va Hujand az tarafi Suyunchbiy nom hokim idora meshud. Ba u muyassar meshavad, ki yakchand shahrhoi ba Toshkand tobero zabt kunad. Dere naguzashta Hujand va Uroteppa ba hokimi Samarqand YAlanpushbii atolik tobe shudand.

aleksandriya-eskhata-ili-khujand

Dar asri XVII baze qabilahoi turknajod dar doirai idorai davlat maqomi makhsusro ishgol mekunand. YAke az chunin qabilaho yuzho budand, ki dar yakchand viloyathoi Movarounnahr nufuz doshtand.

Namoyandai in qabila Boqibiy amaliyoti ziddi hukumati markaziro sarvari namuda, ba quvvai harbii qabilai qazoqho takya mekard. U pinhoni voridi Hujand gashta khudsariho namud. Bar ziddi qazoqho va Boqibiy lashkari Bukhoro bo sardorii Abdulazizkhon ravon karda shud. SHohzodai mazkur dokhili Hujand gasht. Boqibiy yuz nazdi u shart guzosht, ki ba muqobili padari khud — Nadirmuhammadkhon amal namuda, khudro khoni Bukhoro elon kunad. Oqibati in tadbir amali gashta dar Saroy nom muzofoti Uroteppa Abdulazizkhoni 25 sola soli 1645 marosimi tojguzori guzaronid. Padarash, ki dar dashti Qarshi mashguli shikor bud, az in voqea ogoh gashta, dar Balkh panoh yoft.

Boqibiy yuz az tarafi Abdulazizkhon hokimi Hujandu Uroteppa tain shud. Qabilai yuz mavqei khudro dar khonii Bukhoro mustahkam namud. Darsolhoi hukmronii Aodulazizkhon (1645-1680) khokimoni Hujandu Uroteppa tobei Bukhoro budand.

Bad az ba sari hokimiyat omadani Subhonqulikhon (1680-1702) dar Uroteppa va mulkhoi tobei on yakchand sol (1677-1686) Muhammadmuratoybiy hukm rond. Ba gayr az u, namoyandan obrumandi qabilai yuz Muhammadrahimbiy yuz dar tarikhi Hujandu Uroteppa, Samarqandu Bukhoro mavqei namoyonro ishgol mekard. U az tarafi khoni Bukhoro, soli 1703 baroi pakhsh kardani shurishi khalqi ba Hisor firistoda shud.

Bad az ba sari hokimiyat omadani Ubaydullokhon baroi idora kardani Uroteppa va Hujand pisari Rahimbiy yuz Okbuta qushbegi hokim tain shud. U ziyoda az si sol (1702-1734) hukmroni namud.

Poytakhti Okbugabek shahri Uroteppa bud. Sarzamini vase az hududi Hujand to sarhadi Samarqand, boloobi Zarafshon – Maschohu Falgar tobei u budand. Bo in ham qanoatmand nashuda, Okbuta kushbegi khost vodii Fargonaro zabt namoyad. In khohishi u amali nashud, chunki soli 1734 az dasti padararusi khud hokimi Huqand Rahimbii ming (1734-1750) ba qatl rasid. Bad az in Rahimbiy Hujand va Urotepparo zabt kard.

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