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Hosiyati matoi pakhtagin va katoni zagiri

Vaqte, ki matoi pakhtagiro kashola mekunem ba barqadi rishta tarafhoi muqobili on, avval ba yak taraf, bad ba digar taraf (kundalang) bisyortar kashol meshavand. Ammo dar nakhhoi zagirin in dida nameshavad. Matoho bo rishta, pud va tor, rang, naqsh, gafsi, mustahkami, bofishho, garmiyu namiguzaroni va gayra az hamdigar farq mkunand, ki inro khosiyathoi fiziko mekhanikii mato menomand.

Har yak mato doroi khosiyati fiziko-mekhaniki, gigieni va tekhnologi ast, ki ba nigohubinii mato dalolat mekunad Matohoi pakhtagin bisyor mustahkam, sabuk, muloim, zebo buda, baroi istifodabari qulay, garm va tez namiro meguzaronad, tez khushk meshavad, havoro nagz meguzaronad, oson shusta va tez toza meshavand, dar harorati baland tobovarand.

Matohoi pakhtagin rui nohamvorii khira bo rishtai gafsiash yakkhelaand. In matoho qobiliyati kashishkhurii kalon ba kundalangi va kamtar dar in asos matohoi pakhtagin tit nameshavand.

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Matohoi zagirin az matohoi pakhtagi mustahkam buda, on kam kashish mekhurad. Toru pud yak khel shakhshul buda (jyotskiy) vazni kalon dorad, nisbat ba gafsii matoi zagirin gigraskopi namiro nagz meguzaronad, gigieni buda, tez shusta meshavad.

Matohoi zagirin sathi sufta dorand, bo jilohi na on qadar balandi abreshimi ba rishtai nohamvor buda, pustro khunuk mekunonad, hiskunii khunukro ba amal meorad matoi purra az zagir buda, tit meshavad gijim meshavad, ammo tez darzmol meshavad.

Istehsoloti bofandagi nafaqat matohoi tozai pakhtagin va, zagirin, balki bo hamroh kardani digar masoleh matohoi suni (sintetiki), kapronho, lavsanho istehsol mekunad. In khel matoho namudi berunii zebo dorand, kam tit meshavand ba khurdshaviashon sust, badosht dar vaqti shustan kam kashish mekhurad.

Matohoi pakhtagi dar istehsoli vatani nisbat ba digar matoho sol az sol ziyod shuda istodaast.

Anvoi matohoi pakhtagi gunogun ast. Aslan onho chun matoi ruzgori buda, az on masnuoti duzandagi, kurtaho, kostyum, palto, rishtahoi pakhtagin va qismi kami onro bo maqsadi tekhniki (matoi tavqi poyafzoli) istifoda mebarand.

Matohoi zagirin doimo istehsolash ziyod shuda istodaast. Matohoi zagiri az rui vazifaash ruzgori va tekhniki meshavad. Matohoi ruzgori 40%-ro tashkil mekunad, az on jumla az matohoi pakhtagin va zagiri lavozimoti oshkhonagi, libosi tag, kurtai khob, kostyum, sachoq va gayra tayyor mekunand.

Tavsifi khosiyathoi matoi pakhtagi va zagiri

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