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Homiladoron chitavr dandonhoro nigohubin namoyand

Tashrifi dandonpizishk har nim sol, yak marotiba tavsiya karda meshavad. Bo faro rasidani davrai homiladori tashrifro beshtar namuda loaqal har 3-moh az nazdi dukhturi dandon boyad guzasht.

dandon-pizishkUzvhoi zanona dar davrai homiladori khele nozuk ast va dilkhoh sarchashmai siroyat masalai pusidani dandon (karies) az bayn boyad bardoshta shavad. Mavjudiyati surokhii khurd dar dandon metavonad boisi shamolkhurii jiddi gardad va ba siroyat pechad, ki in ham boshad ba davrai sustshavii nizomi immuni aloqamand ast. Dar ravandi tabobati pusishi dandoni chandon zararnadida be istifodai dorui karakhtkunanda (anesteziya) ham, chorajui kardan mumkin ast. Boftahoi pusidashuda bartaraf karda meshavand va ba joyash plombai tavassuti ravshani sakhtshavanda guzoshta meshavad, ki az nuri makhsusi mutlaqo bezarar baroi modar va tifli oyanda, istifoda burda meshavad.

  Dar davrai homiladori dandonhoi modarshavanda giriftor ba  khavfi balandi pusishi dandonho meboshand. Inchunin bar asosi tagyiryobii gormoni holati milki dandon metavonad bad shavad (taminshavi bo khun kohish meyobad va ehtimoli shamolkhuriyash ziyod meshavad).

Tavsiya karda meshavad, ki tashrifi dandonpizishk dar davrahoi 7, 17, 37 haftagii homiladori anjom doda shavad.  Semohai avvalu seyum – in davrai nachandon khub baroi tabobati dandonho meboshad.  Dar 14-haftai avvval uzvhoi oyandai odam tashshakkul meyoband va bar in asos doruhoi karakhtkunandayu gunogunro dar holathoi benihoyat zarur istifoda burda meshavand. Dar semohai seyum beshtari zanon tabobati dandonro bo dushvori pasi sar menamoyand. Semohai duyum in davrai azhama muvofiq baroi tabobati dandon baroi zanoni homilador mahsub meyobad. Dar in davra tifl dar batni modar bo plasent hifz karda shudaast va baroi hamin ham istifodai doruhoi karakhtkunandai dardi dandonro, ki doroi adenalini haddi aqqal meboshand, istifoda burdan mumkin ast.

Boyad donist, ki sangi dandon va siyohak makon baroi paydoishi mikrobho  meboshand va sababgori pusishi dandon meshavand. Plombai pastsifati qablan guzoshtashuda sababgori shamol khurdani dandon metavon bud. Hammai in dar rafti aznazarguzaronii profilaktiki metavon muayyan karda shudua az tarafi pizishk siyohakho bartaraf karda shavand va plombai besifat ivaz namuda shavad. Kambudihoi marbut ba milki dandon (shamolkhuri, vayronshavi) boftahoi ziyodati tavassuti jarrohi nobut karda meshavad va  minbad baroi bar ziddi shamolkhuri dorukhat bo maqsadi jayqondan navishta meshavad.  Az jonibi dukhtur kushishho baroi narasonidani zarar bar zan va tifli dar oyanda badunyooyanda hangomi chorahoi tabobati andeshidashavanda va doruhoi istifodashavanda ba inobat girifta meshavad.

Dandonpizishki rushd yofta dar on doruhoi tabobati va karakhtkunanda istifoda burda meshavand, ki asosi onhoro ashyohoi bezarar bar modaroni oyanda va kudakon tashkil medihand. Hammai onho haddi aqalii adrenalinro sohib meboshand, hol onki dar dorui mamuli novokain in to on andozae meboshad, ki metavonad fishori surkhragro (arteriya) ziyod karda ba holati angezishi bachadon bois megardad.

Bartariyati doruhoi karakhtkunandai (anestetiki) zamonavi dar on ast, ki muddati tasiri karakhtkunii onho na ziyoda az 1 soatro dar bar megirad va badi in muddat dar uzvhoi odam pahnu hal shuda, minbad khorij meshavand. Inchunin onho pardai bachadonro guzashta nametavonand va ba khuni kudak niz hamroh nameshavand.

Holati dandonho va milki dandonho pesh az hama vobasta meboshand az nigohubini onho va durust khurokkhurii zanoni homilador.  Dar asosi tavsiyai dukhtur mahlulhoi makhsus baroi chayqonidani dandonho istifoda namoed. Odatan mahlulho ba du namud judo meshavand, ki yake baroi tabobat va digarashon bo maqsadi botarovat namudan lozimand. Ba inobat girifta shavad, ki mahlulho naboyad holati dandonhoro khushk namoyadu baroi angezish sababgor shavand.

Mahlul va gelhoe, ki dar tarkibi khud ftor va kalsiyro doro meboshand tanho bo muvofiqai dukhtur boyad istifoda karda shavand. CHayqonidan badi har yak khurokkhuri boyad anjom doda shavad va toza kardani dandon boshad subhu begohi dar davomi 4-daqiqa amali karda shavad. Dar holati durust shustushuy kardani dandonho siyohaqho (zangi dandon), hatman toza meshavand. Badi khurokkhuri rishtahoi dandoniro istifoda namudanash hatmi meboshad. Inchunin asbobi Irigator ham mufid ast, ki boqimondahoi khurokro toza karda milki dandonhoro mahs menamoyad.

Dandontozakunak boyad rishtahoi (shetinki) gunogunsamt doshta boshad. Darajai sakhtii dandontozakunakro boyad dukhur guyad. Dar holati intikhobi dandontozakunakhoi elektriki afzaliyat bar namudhoe doda meshavad, ki sarash girdak buda imkoniyati ivaz kardani onho (nasadka) boshad. Hokahoi – mahlulhoi dandontozakuni boyad gunogun boshand va az har namudi onho istifoda burdanash behtar ast, chunki bazei onho milkro boquvat mekunand, digarashon hasosiyati dandonhoro purzur menamoyand va ba monandi inho.

Doir ba gizo albatta mahsuloti shiri beshtar foidaovar meboshad, ki doroi kalsiyai ziyod meboshand. Onhoro begohi istifoda burd, az on sabab, ki shabona kalsiy az uzvhoi inson khorij meshavand va niyoz ba onho mahz dar shab ast.

Bo nazardoshti, onki nizomi ustukhonii kudak az kalsiy va ftor tashakkul karda meshavad, baroi hamin ham modaron boyad organizmi khudro az in elementho doimo zakhira namuda istand. Az sababi on ki kalsiy tavassuti vitamini «D» jabida meshavad, pas subhidam boyad vitaminhoi oftobi girifta shavad. Kalsiy, ftor, yod dar tarkibi mahsuloti bahri va kabuti (ukrop, ptrushka) beshtar mavjudand va az istifodai onho khuddori namud. Inchunin az istemoli shirini mahdudiyat jori karda bar ivazash khurdani mevajotu mahsuloti khushkshudai onho istifoda namud.

Holati ziyodi vayronshavii dandonho az sababi homiladori khele ba nazar merasad, ki dar nihoyat ba az dast dodani dandon ovarda merasonad. Ammo rioyai hammai tartiboti dar bolo nombarshuda baroi nigohdorii salomatii dandonu milki dandon dar davrai intizorii modarshavi, yori medihad.

 

 

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