Home / Madaniyat va Sanat / Hodisahoi tabiii asrorangez dar ejodiyoti badei. Tekhnikai ijroi monotipiya

Hodisahoi tabiii asrorangez dar ejodiyoti badei. Tekhnikai ijroi monotipiya

Tabiati Qirgiziston bo zebogii notakrori khesh nodir ast. Agar bodiqqat nazar afkanem, on goh didan mumkin ast, ki kuhho va sangho ba mo hayvonot va mavjudoti digarro ba yod meorand. Dar zaboni mardum nomi mahal va obanborho bo nazardoshti sharoithoi tabii va khususiyathoi khos paydo meshavand, onho ba tav­ri oddi girifta nashudaand. Masalan, dar nazdi ganjinai mar- dumi qirgiz – kuli Issiq-Kul – dar mintaqai janub kuhhoi Jeti-

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Oguz qaror dorand. Mabodo shumo onhoro nadida boshed, on goh metavoned ba aksho nigared.

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Mushohida kardan mumkin ast, ki kharsanghoi kuhho ba govmeshho shabohat dorand. Dar shahri Tosh-Kumiri viloyati Osh boshad, qad- qadi kuh naqshu nigori az jonibi khudi tabiat ofaridashudaro ba namudi sekunjai safedu siyoh mushohida kardan mumkin, ki «safe- du siyoh» nom giriftaast

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Tavre dar tasvir nishon doda shudaast, hangomi nisheb shudan ba nishebii sohili daryoi Narin joyero, ki ba timsohi nushidaistoda monand ast, mushohida kardan mumkin. Obrazi ruyi sanghoro bo tasvirhoi timsohi haqiqi muqoisa karda metavoned.

Ba chunin tasvirhoi purasror dar tamomi gushahoi mamlakati mo duchor shudan mumkin.

Aknun, to ki mavodi guzashtaro ba yod orem, ba suporishhoi testi posukh medihem.

  1. Mafhumi «zindanigori (jivopis)» az kadom zabon girifta shudaast?

a) lotini; b) faronsavi; v) anglisi; g) rusi.

  1. Kalimai «akvarel»chiro ifoda mekunad?

a) havo; b) ob; v) otash; g) zamin.

  1. Kadome az mafhumho ba sanati tasviri dakhl nadorad? a) natyurmort; b) portret; v) haykaltaroshi; g) freska.

Mo chi guna tasvirero ifoda nakunem, dar markazi tavajjuh boyad qoidayu qonunhoi marbut ba sanati tasviri qaror bigirad. Ba maqsadi taqviyat dodani yake az onho dar usul tavaqquf menamoem.

Usul dar sanati tasviri nizom, payiham ivaz shudani yagon na- mudi juziyotest, ki bo paydarpayi, surati muayyan ruy medihad. Vay jihati oshkor kardani mavzui asarhoe, ki dar on hodisaho ruy medihand, kumak merasonad. Usul past, bazan baland, kutoh va davomdor meshavad, misli nagma va navoe, ki dilhoro ba shur meovarand. Baroi misol asari rassom K. Bryullov «Vopasin ruzi Pompey» – ro megirem.

Rassom tavonist odamonero, ki ba dahshat aftodaand, bo yorii khathoi ikhtilot va nurhoi ravshaniafkan, zimni istifodai ranghoi tira baroi tasviri guruhi odamon tasvir namoyad. Agar bo tavajjuhi ziyod ba asar nazar afkaned va malumoti ilovagiro istifoda namoed, shumo dar bayni personajho tasviri rassomro paydo karda metavoned.

Dar zaminai in asar ohangsozi barjastai mardumi qirgiz, akademik Muratbek Begaliev simfoniyai «Vopasin ruzi Pompey» – ro ejod kard.

Ba khotiri tasvir kardani peyzaj inchunin mushohida kardan ba hodisahoi tabii va tagyiroti tabiat dar mavsimho zarur ast.

«Pompeyning sunggi kuni». K. Bryullov
«Pompeyning sunggi kuni». K. Bryullov

Hislati inson khushholona yo khilvatguzinona, gamginona buda metavonad, inchunin boyad kushish kard har yak hodisa tavre tasvir gardad, to ki vay bo haqiqat muvofiq boshad.

Holo mo tavassuti tekhnikai monotipiya hamon holati tabiat va zebogii onro, ki dar khotiramon naqsh bastaast, inikos menamoem. Monotipiya – monotype, kalimai yunoni buda, manoi on dar tarjuma «iz» meboshad. Dar ruyi shisha va kogazi ranga bo yorii ranghoi gunogun obrazro dar sathi hamvori zimni istifodai rangho tasvir mekunem, dog (nishon) hosil meshavad, in tekhnikai monotipiya ast.

Dogi hosilshudaro muoina sokhta, muayyan mekunem, ki vay ba chi monand ast. Baze juziyothoro ilova karda, rasmro purra tas- vir menamoem, kushish mekunem tavre tasvir yobad, ki ba rasmi ejodkardaamon monand boshad. CHunin tekhnika takhayyuli khonanda- gonro inkishof medihad.

Faromush nasozed, ki hangomi rasmkashi az ruyi asl obekti tasvirshavanda chi qadare nazdik boshad, hamon qadar kalontar tasvir meyobad. Agar obekt dur boshad, on goh onro bo rangi rav- shani osmoni tasvir menamoyand, tobishhoi beshtar nozuk duchor meshavand, ki shaffof ba nazar merasand.

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