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Himoyai davlatii ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jnoyati

QONUNI JUMHURII toJikiston

Dar borai himoyai davlatii ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii JinoyatI  

(Akhbori majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2010, №12, mod. 806;az 03.07.2012s., №865)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqii himoyai davlatii ishtirokchiyoni murofian sudii jinoyati, chorahoi amniyati, dastgirii ijtimoii shakhsoni nomburda va tartibi tatbiqi onhoro tanzim menamoyad.

Scales of justice and gavel on desk with dark background
Scales of justice and gavel on desk with dark background

BOBI1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Himoyai davlatii ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati

Himoyai davlatii ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati (minbad – himoyai davlati) tibqi Qonuni mazkur tatbiq namudani chorahoi amniyatie, ki ba hifzi hayot, salomati va (yo) molu mulki onho (minbad – chorahoi amniyati) ravona gardidaand, inchunin chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoii shakhsoni nomburda (minbad – chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi) bo sababi ishtiroki onho dar murofiai sudii jinoyati meboshand, ki az jonibi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati amali gardonida meshavand.

Moddai 2. SHakhsone, ki nisbat ba onho chorahoi himoyai davlati tatbiq msgardand

  1. CHorahoi himoyai davlati nisbati ishtirokchiyoni zerini murofiai sudii jinoyati tatbiq megardand:

– prokuror – aybdorkunandai davlati;

– jabrdida;

– shohid;

– aybdorkunandai khususi;

– gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, mahkumshuda, safedshuda, himoyattaron va namoyandagoni qonunii onho, inchunin shakhse, ki nisbati u parvandai jinoyati yo taqibi jinoyati qat karda shudaast;

– korshinos, mutakhassis, tarjumon, shakhsi kholis, inchunin omuzgor va ravonshinos, ki dar murofiai sudii jinoyati ishtirok menamoyand;

– davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdapi,

– namoyandagoni qonuni, namoyandagoni jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va aybdorkunandai khususi.

  1. CHorahoi himoyai davlati inchunin  metavonand to ogoz namudani parvandai jinoyati nisbat ba arzkunanda, shohid yo jabrdida az jinoyat yo shakhsoni digar, ki baroi peshgiri va kushodani jinoyat musoidat mekunand, tatbiq gardand.
  2. Himoyai davlati, inchunin nisbati kheshovandoni nazdik, ki tibqi muqarraroti Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda shudaand va kirdori ziddihuquqi nisbati onho bo maqsadi tasir rasonidan ba shakhsoni dar qismhoi 1 va 2 hamin modda nishondodashuda sodir meshavad, tatbiq megardad.
  3. SHakhsoni dar qismhoi 1-3 hamin modda nishondodashuda, ki nisbat ba onho tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamuda qaror oid ba tatbiq namudani himoyai davlati qabul karda shudaast, minbad «shakhsoni himoyashavanda» nomida meshavand.

 

Moddai 3. Maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlati

  1. Maqomoti zerin himoyai davlatiro tamin menamoyand:

– maqomote, ki oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlati qaror qabul menamoyand;

– maqomote, ki chorahoi amniyatiro tatbiq menamoyand;

– maqomote, ki chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoiro tatbiq menamoyand.

  1. Qaror oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlatiaz tarafi sud (sudya), prokuror, sardori vohidi tahqiq, rohbari maqomoti amalkunandai faoliyati operativi-justujui yo mufattish, ki dar istehsoloti onho ariza ba jinoyat yo parvandai jinoyati qaror dorand, qabul karda meshavad, agar tartibi digar dar qonunguzorii murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini nashuda boshad.(QJT az 03.07.2012s., №865)
  2. Tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati ba uhdai maqomoti korhoi dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston, maqomoti amniyati millii Jumhurii Tojikiston, maqomoti gumruki Jumhurii Tojikiston, maqomoti nazorati davlatii moliyavi va muboriza bo korrupsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston, maqomoti nazorati mavodi nashaovari  Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba parvandai jinoyatii dar istehsoloti onho buda va yo ba onho vobasta kardashuda voguzor karda meshavad. Tatbiqi chorahoi alohidai amniyati muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonad ba uhdai digar maqomoti davlati voguzor karda shavad.
  3. CHorahoi amniyati nisbat ba shakhsoni himoyashavanda oid ba parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki dar istehsoloti sud yo prokuratura qaror dorand, bo qarori sud (sudya) yo prokuror az jonibi maqomoti korhoi dokhili, maqomoti amniyati milli, maqomoti gumruk, maqomoti nazorati davlatii moliyavi va muboriza bo korrupsiya va maqomoti nazorati mavodi nashaovari mahalli joygirshavii shakhsi himoyashavanda amali megardand.
  4. CHorahoi amniyatinisbati shakhsoni himoyashavandae, ki khizmatchiyoni harbi meboshand, az jonibi farmondehoni qismhoi harbii dakhldor va yo sarfarmondehoni boloii qismhoi harbiamali karda meshavand.(
  5. CHorahoi amniyati nisbati shakhsoni himoyashavanda, ki dar tavqifgohi (izolyatora) taftishoti nigoh doshta meshavand, az jonibi hamin muassisa va nisbati shakhsone, ki dar mahalli adoi jazo qaror dorand, az jonibi muassisaho va maqomoti sistsmai ijroi jazoi jinoyatii Vazorati adliyai Jumhurii Tojikiston amali megardand.
  6. CHorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi az jonibi maqomoti vakolatdori muayyannamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 4. Prinsiphoi amali namudani himoyai davlati

  1. Himoyai davlati mutobiqi prinsiphoi qonuniyat, ehtiromi huququ ozodihoi inson va shahrvand, masuliyati mutaqobilai maqomote, ki himoyai davlatiro tamin menamoyand, amali megardad.
  2. Himoyai davlati tahti nazorati prokurori va idoravi amali megardad. Zimni amali namudani himoyai davlati tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston usulhoi oshkoro va makhfi istifoda burda meshavand.
  3. Tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati naboyad huquqhoi manzili, mehnati, nafaqavi va digar huquqhoi shakhsoni himoyashavandaro mahdud sozad.

 

Moddai 5. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai himoyai davlatii ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati

 

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai himoyai davlatii ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.

 

BOBI 2. NAMUDHOI HIMOYAI DAVLATI

 

Moddai 6. CHorahoi amniyati

  1. Nisbat ba shakhsi himoyashavanda metavonand dar yak vaqt yakchand yo yake az chorahoi amniyatii zerin tatbiq karda shavand:

– muhofizoni shakhsi, muhofizati manzil va molu mulk;

– dodani vositahoi makhsusi mudofiai shakhsi, aloqa va ogohoni az khavfu khatar;

– tamini mahfiyati malumot dar borai shakhsi himoyashavanda;

– kuchonidan ba mahalli digari istiqomati muvaqqati;

– ivaz namudani hujjatho;

– tagyir dodani simoi zohiri;

– digar kardani joi kor (khizmat) yo tahsil;

– joygirkunonii muvaqqati dar mahalli bekhatar;

– tatbiq namudani chorahoi amniyatii ilovagi nisbat ba shakhsi himoyashavanda, ki dar habs nigoh doshta meshavad yo dar mahalli adoi jazo qaror dorad, az jumla guzaronidani u az yak mahalli dar habs nigohdori yo adoi jazo ba digar mahal.

  1. Dar holati mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddai 16 Qonuni mazkur qaydgardida nisbat ba shakhsi himoyashavanda metavonand chorahoi digari amniyatii peshbininamudai, qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tatbiq gardand.
  2. CHorahoi amniyatii dar sarkhathoi chorum, panjum, shashum va haftumi qismi 1 moddai mazkur peshbinishuda tanho nisbat ba parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi vaznin va makhsusan vaznin tatbiq megardand.

 

Moddai 7. Muhofizoni shakhsi, muhofizati manzil va molu mulki shakhsi himoyashavanda

  1. Muhofizoni shakhsi, muhofizati manznl va molu mulki shakhsi himoyashavanda az jonibi maqomote, ki chorahoi amniyatiro tatbiq menamoyand, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tamin karda meshavand.
  2. Manzili ishgolnamudai shakhsi himoyashavanda va molu mulki u metavonand bo vositahoi tekhnikii nazoratbaranda, inchunin bo bongi ziddisukhtor  va  vositahoi digari zarurii tekhniki tachhizonida shavand.

 

Moddai 8. Ba shakhsi himoyashavanda dodani vositahoi makhsusi shakhsii mudofia, aloqa va ogohoni az khavfu khatar

 

  1. Maqomote, ki chorahoi amniyatiro tatbiq megardonand, metavonand ba shakhsi himoyashavanda vositahoi makhsusi  shakhsii mudofia, aloqa va ogohoni az khavfu khatarro dihand.
  2. Namudhoi vositahoi makhsusi shakhsii mudofia, aloqa va ogohoni az khavfu khatar, ki ba shakhsi himoyashavanda doda meshavand, inchunin tartibi dodani onho az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 9. Tamini makhfiyati malumot dar borai shakhsi himoyashavaida

  1. Bo qarori maqome, ki chorahoi amniyatiro tatbiq megardonad, mumkin ast dodani malumot oid ba shakhsi himoyashavanda az sarchashmahoi ittilootu malumotdihii davlati va digar sarchashmaho man karda shavad, inchunin mumkin ast raqamhoi telefon  va nishonahoi baqaydgirii davlatii vositahoi naqliyoti az jonibi u istifodashavanda yo ba u taalluqdoshta tagyir doda shavand.
  2. Dar holathoi istisnoi, vobasta ba istehsoloti parvandai digari jinoyati yo grajdani, malumot oid ba shakhsi himoyashavanda metavonad ba maqomoti taftishi peshaki, prokuror yo sud dar asosi darkhosti khattii prokuror yo sud (sudya) bo ijozati maqome, ki dar borai tatbiq namudani himoyai davlati qaror qabul kardaast, peshnihod gardad.

 

Moddai 10. Kuchonidani shakhsi himoyashavanda ba mahalli digari istiqomatii muvaqqati, ivaz namudani hujjatho va tagyir dodani simoi zohirii u

  1. Dar mavridi kuchonidani shakhsi hmmoyashavanda ba mahalli digari istiqomatii muvaqqati molu mulki manqul va gayrimanquli shakhsii u tahti muhofizat qaror megirad va kafolathoi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojpkiston bo sababhoi zikrgardida tamin karda meshavand.
  2. Dar holathoi istisnoi mumkin ast hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai shakhsi himoyashavanda bo tagyir dodani nom, nomi padar va familiyai u va digar malumot dar boraash, inchunin simoi zohirii shakhsi himoyashavanda bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston ivaz karda shavand.
  3. Kuchonidani shakhsi himoyashavanda ba  mahalli digari istiqomatii muvaqqati, ivaz namudani hujjatho va tagyir dodani simoi zohirii u tanho bo rozigii khattiyash dar holathoe amali megardand, ki agar tamini bekhatarii vay bo rohi tatbiqi digar chorahoi amniyati imkonnopazir boshad.

 

Moddai 11. Digar kardan joyi kor (khizmat) yo tahsili shakhsi himoyashavanda

Bo maqsadi tamini amniyati shakhsi himoyashavanda ba u mumkin ast baroi digar kardani joyi kor (khizmyat) yo tahsili muvaqqati yo doymi, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston musoidatkarda shavad.

 

Moddai 12. Joygirkunonii muvaqqatii shakhsi himoyashavanda dar mahalli bekhatar

SHakhsi himoyashavanda mumkin ast muvaqqatan dar mahalle joygir karda shavad, ki ba tamini bekhatarii u muvofiq boshad.

 

Moddai 13. Tamini amniyati khizmatchii harbi

  1. Amniyati khizmatchii harbi, ki shakhsi himoyashavanda ba shumor meravad, bo rohi tatbiq namudani chorahoi amniyatii dar moddai 6 Qonuni mazkur peshbinishuda, bo  nazardoshti khususiyathoi adoi khizmati harbi tamin megardad.
  2. Bo maqsadi tamini amniyati khizmatchii harbi inchunin chorahoi zerin tatbiq karda meshavand:

– ravon kardani shakhsi himoyashavanda ba qismi harbii digar yo muassisai harbii digar;

– guzaronidani shakhsi himoyashavanda ba joi navi khizmati harbii doimi;

– guzaronidan ba qismi harbii digar yo ba joi navi khizmati harbi, ki ba qat namudani tamini amniyati minbadai in shakhs mone shuda nametavonad;

– chorahoi digari himoyavi, ki ba qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mukholifat namekunand.

  1. Ba joi digari khizmati harbi ravon kardan yo guzaronidani khizmatchii harbie, ki shakhsi himoyashavanda meboshad, bo rozigii dar shakli khatti izhornamudai u amali megardad. Zimni guzarish khizmatchii harbi ba vazifai harbii barobar tain karda meshavad. Dar in surat boyad istifodai u az rui ikhtisosi dar qaydi harbii asosi buda yo ikhtisosi ba on monand tamin karda shavad.

 

Moddai 14. Tamini amniyati shakhsi himoyashavanda, ki dar habs yo dar mahalli adoi jazo qaror dorad

  1. Amniyati shakhsi khimoyashavanda, ki dar habs nigoh doshta shudaast yo dar mahalli adoi jazo dar namudi mahdud kardani ozodi, mahrum sokhtan az ozodi, nigoh doshtan dar qismi harbii intnzomi qaror dorad, bo rohi nisbat ba u tatbiq namudani chorahoi amniyatii bo sarkhathoi seyum, panjum, shashum, hashtum va nuhumi qismi 1 moddai 6 Qonuni mazkur yo chorahoi digari bo qonunguzorii murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishuda tamin megardad.
  2. Bo maqsadi tamini amniyati shakhse, ki dar qismi 1 moddai mazkur peshbini gardidaast, inchunin metavonand chorahoi zerin tatbiq gardand:

– az hamdigar judo nigoh doshtani shakhsi himoyashavanda va shakhse, ki az u tahdidi zurovari barmeoyad;

– ivaz namudani chorai peshgiri yo chorai jazo nisbat ba shakhsi himoyashavanda bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

 

Moddai 15. CHorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi

  1. Hangomi halokat yo vafoti shakhsi himoyashavanda bo sababi ishtiroki u dar rafti tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi ba azoi oilai halokshuda (vafotkarda) va shakhsone, ki dar taminoti u qaror doshtand, bo tainoti maqome, ki oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlati qaror qabul menamoyad, az hisobi mablagi bujeti davlati az rui tartib va andozai muayyankardai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston yordampulii yakvaqta doda shuda, bo tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston binobar be sarobon mondan nafaqa tain karda meshavad.
  2. Hangomi ba shakhsi himoyashavanda rasonidani zarari jismoni yo zarari digar ba salomatii u bo sababi ishtirok namudan dar rafti tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi, ki boisi mayubi megardad, ba u bo tainotn maqome, ki oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlati qaror qabul menamoyad, az hisobi mablagi bujeti davlati az rui tartib va andozai muayyankardai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston yordampulii yakvaqta doda shuda, bo tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston binobar mayubi nafaqa tain karda meshavad.
  3. Hangomi ba shakhsi himoyashavanda rasonidani zarari jismoni yo zarari digar ba salomatii u bo sababi ishtirok namudan dar rafti tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi, ki boisi mayubi nagashtaast, ba u bo tainoti maqome, ki oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlati qaror qabul menamoyad, az hisobi mablagi bujeti davlati az rui tartib va andozai muayyankardai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston yordampulii yakvaqta doda meshavad.
  4. Ba shakhsoni himoyashavanda, ki dar yak vaqt ba yordampulii gunoguni tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston pardokhtshavanda huquq dorand, dar holati rasonidani zarari jismoni yo zarari digar ba salomati bo intikhobi onho yak yordampulii yakvaqta tain karda meshavad.
  5. Tartibi pardokhti yordampulii yakvaqtai dar qismhoi 1 – 4 moddai mazkur qaydgardida az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad.
  6. Zarare, ki ba molu mulki shakhsi himoyashavanda bo sababi ishtiroki u dar rafti tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi rasonida shudaast, az hisobi mablagi bujeti davlati va digar manbahoi moliyavii bo qonunguzorii Jumhurii   Tojikiston peshbinigardida jubron karda shuda, in mablag minbad az hisobi shakhse, ki baroi rasonidani zarar ba molu mulki shakhsi himoyashavanda gunahkor ast, bo tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston sitonida meshavad.

 

BOBI 3. ASOSHO VA TARTIBI TATBIQI HIMOYAI DAVLATI

 

Moddai 16. Asoshoi tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati

  1. Asoshoi tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati in malumot oid ba mavjud budani tahdidi voqeii kushtori shakhsi himoyashavanda, istifodai zurovari nisbat ba u va kheshovandoni nazdikash, nestu nobud yo vayron kardani molu mulkash bo sababi ishtiroki u dar rafti tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi meboshand, ki az jonibi maqomi oid ba tatbiq namudani himoyai davlati qaror qabulkunanda, muqarrar karda shudaand.
  2. CHorahoi amniyati dar asosi arizai khattii   shakhsi himoyashavanda va yo shakhsone, ki bo maqsadi hifzi manfiati shakhsoni digar bo ariza murojiat namudaand, nisbati noboligon boshad – dar asosi arizai khattii padaru modari onho yo shakhsoni onhoro ivazkunanda, inchunin namoyandagoni vakolatdori maqomoti vasoyatu parastori (dar surati nabudani padaru modar yo shakhsoni onhoro ivazkunanda) tatbiq megardand.
  3. Agar tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati ba manfiati azoi boligi oilai shakhsi himoyashavanda va digar shakhsone, ki bo u yakjoya zindagi mekunand, dakhl kunad, giriftani rozigii onho dar shakli khatti zarur ast.

 

Moddai 17. Asoshoi tatbiqi chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi

Asoshoi tatbiqi chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi in halokat yo vafoti shakhsi himoyashavanda, rasonidani zarari jismoni yo zarari digar ba salomatii u bo sababi ishtirok namudan dar rafti tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi ba shumor meravand.

 

Moddai 18. Tartibi tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati

1.Tartibi tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati bo Qonuni mazkur, digar qonunho va sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

  1. Sud (sudya), prokuror, sardori vohidi tahqiq rohbari maqomoti amalkunandai faoliyati operativi-justujui s mufattish zimni giriftani ariza (malumot) oid ba tahdidi kushtori shakhsoni dar qismhoi 1-3 moddai 2 Qonuni mazkur jaydgardida, istifodai zurovari nisbat ba onho, nestu nobud yo vayron kardani molu mulkashon yo kirdori digari ziddihuquqii khavfnok uhdadorand in arizaro (malumotro) taftish namoyand va dar muhlati se shabonaruz (dar holathoi takhirnopazir-favran)  oid  ba  tatbiqi  chorahoi amniyati nisbat ba onho yo rad namudani tatbiqi onho qaror qabul namoyand. Jihati halli masalai zikrshuda qarori (tainoti) asosnok barovarda meshavad, ki on dar ruzi qabul gardidanash ba maqomi tatbiqkunandai chorahoi amniyati baroi ijro, inchunin ba shakhse, ki nisbati u qarori (tainoti) mazkur barovarda shudaast, baroi malumot firistoda meshavad.
  2. Nisbat ba qaror (tainot) oid ba tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati yo rad namudani tatbiqi onho shakhsi himoyashavanda va digar shakhsone, ki bo maqsadi hifzi manfiathoi u murojiat namudaand, metavonand ba maqomi boloi, prokuror yo sud shikoyat kunand. SHikoyat az lahzai peshnihod shudanash dar davomi 24 soat boyad barrasi gardad.
  3. Maqomi tatbiqkunandai chorahoi amniyati tadbirhoi zarurii amniyatii dar Qonuni mazkur peshbinishudaro intikhob karda, tarzi tatbiqi onhoro muayyan menamoyad.
  4. Oid ba chorahoi amniyatii intikhobshuda, tagyiru ilovaho ba onho va natijai tatbiqi chorahoi mazkur, maqome, ki onhoro amali megardonad, ba sud (sudya), prokuror, sardori vohidi tahqiq rohbari maqomoti amalkunandai faoliyati operativi-justujui yo mufattishi dar istehsoloti khud ariza (malumot) dar khususi jinoyat yo parvandai jinoyati doshta malumot medihad. Dar holati rafi tahdid ba amniyati shakhsi himoyashavanda oid ba bekor kardani chorahoi amniyati darkhost peshnihod menamoyad. (QJT az 03.07.2012s., №865)
  5. Maqome, ki chorahoi amniyatiro amali mesozad, bo shakhsi himoyashavanda oid ba holathoi tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati, uhdadoriho va masuliyati tarafayn mutobiqi qonuni mazkur va qonunguzorii grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar shakli khatti shartnoma mebandad.

 

Moddai 19.Tartibi tatbiqi chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi

  1. Tartibi tatbiqi chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi bo Qonuni mazkur, qonunhoi digar va sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.
  2. Makome, ki oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlati qaror qabul menamoyad, pas az giriftani ariza (malumot) dar khususi halokat yo vafoti shakhsi himoyashavanda va muayyan namudani on, ki halokat (vafot) bo sababi ishtiroki u dar rafti tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofai sudi ba miyon omadaast, uhdador ast dar muhlati se shabonaruz dar borai tatbiqi chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi nisbati azoi oilai shakhsi halokshuda (vafotkarda) va shakhsone, ki dar taminoti u qaror dorand, yo in ki dar borai rad kardani tatbiqi on qaror qabul namoyad.
  3. Maqome, ki oid ba tatbiqi himoyai -davlati qaror qabul menamoyad, pas az giriftani ariza (malumot) dar khususi ba shakhsi himoyashavanda rasonidani  zarari  jismoni  yo zarari digar  ba salomatii u bo sababi ishtirok namudan dar rafti tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi uhdador ast in arizaro (malumotro) taftish namoyad va dar muhlati se shabonaruz dar borai tatbiqi chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi yo in ki dar borai rad kardani tatbiqi onho qaror qabul namoyad.
  4. Dar borai halli masalai zikrshuda qarori (tainoti) asosnok qabul karda meshavad, ki on ba maqomi tatbiqkunandai chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi baroi ijro va ba shakhse, ki nisbati u qaror (tainoti) qabul karda shudaast yo ba namoyandai qonunii u baroi malumot ravon karda meshavad.
  5. Nisbati qaror (tainot) oid ba tatbiqi chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi yo rad namudani tatbiqi onho shakhsi himoyashavanda yo namoyandai qonunii u metavonad ba maqomi boloi, prokuror yo sud shikoyat namoyad. SHikoyat az ruzi peshnihod shudan dar muhlati dah shabonaruz boyad barrasi gardad.
  6. Maqomi tatbiqkunandai chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi pas az giriftani qaror (tainot) oid ba tatbiqi  chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi uhdador ast onro dar muhlati dah shabonaruz ijro namoyad.

 

Moddai 20. Bekor kardani chorahoi amniyati

  1. CHorahoi amniyati dar holate bekor karda meshavand, ki agar asoshoi dar moddai 16 Qonuni mazkur nishondodashuda baroi tatbiqi onho bartaraf gardida boshand, inchunin agar tatbiqi minbadai onho dar natijai az jonibi shakhsi himoyashavanda vayron kardani talaboti shartnomai bastashudai maqomoti tatbiqkunandai chorahoi amniyati va shakhsi himoyashavanda tibqi qismi 6 moddai 18 Qonuni mazkur gayriimkon boshad.

2.CHorahoi amniyati  metavonand bo arizai khattii shakhsi himoyashavanda, ki ba maqomoti qabulnamudai qaror oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlati firistoda shudaast, bekor karda shavand.

  1. Bekor kardani chorahon amniyati tanho bo qarori (tainoti) makome, ki qaror dar borai tatbiq namudani himoyai davlatiro qabul namudaast yo bo qarori (tainoti) maqome, ki parvandai jinoyati dar istehsoloti on qaror dorad, rohdoda meshavad.
  2. Nisbat ba qaror (tainot) oid ba bekor kardani chorahoi amniyati mumkin ast ba maqomi boloi, prokuror yo sud shikoyat peshnhod gardad. SHikoyat az lahzai peshnihod shudanash dar davomi 24 soat boyad barrasi gardad.
  3. Dar qaror (tainot) oid ba bekor kardani chorahoi amniyati boyad masalahoi barqaror namudani huquqhoi molumulki va huquqhoi shakhsii gayrimolumulkii shakhsi himoyashavanda ba tanzim darovarda shavand.
  4. Qaror (tainot) oid ba tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati to qabuli qaror oid ba bekor kardani on az jonibi maqomoti dar qismi 2 moddai 3 Qonuni mazkur peshbinishuda etibor dorad.
  5. Sud (sudya) dar holati tahiyai hukm oid ba parvandai jinoyati dar borai bekor kardani chorahoi amniyati yo tatbiqi minbadai chorahoi mazkur tainot (qaror) mebarorad.

 

Moddai 21. Makhfiyati amali namudani himoyai davlati

  1. Himoyai davlati bo rioya namudani makhfiyati malumot oid ba shakhsi himoyashavanda amali megardad.
  2. Tartibi himoyai malumot oid ba amali namudani himoyai davlati az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 22. Hatmi budani ijroi qaror oid ba amali namudani himoyai davlati

Ijroi qarorhoi maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlati, ki mutobiqi vakolathoyashon qabul shudaand, az jonibi shakhsoni mansabdori korkhona, muassisa va tashkilothoe, ki ba onho irsol gardidaand, hatmi meboshand.

 

BOBI 4.HUQUQ VA uHDADORIHOI SHAHSONI HIMOYASHAVANDA VA MAQOMOTI TAMINKUNANDA HIMOYAI DAVLATI

 

Moddai 23. Huquq va uhdadorihoi shakhsoni himoyashavanda

  1. SHakhsoni himoyashavanda huquq dorand:

– huquq va uhdadorihoi khudro donand;

– tamini amniyati shakhsi va molumulkii khud va shakhsoni dar qismi 3 moddai 2 Qonuni mazkur nishondodashudaro talab namoyand;

– tatbiqi chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoiro dar holathoi peshbininamudai qonuni mazkur talab namoyand;

– oid ba tatbiq namudani chorahoi amniyati nisbati khud, inchunin nisbat ba kheshovandoni nazdikashon va khususiyati in chorahoro donand;

– oid ba tatbiqi chorahoi amniyatii ilovagi yo oid ba bekor kardani onho tibqi muqarraroti qonuni mazkur bo ariza murojiat namoyand;

– nisbat ba qaror va amali maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlati ba maqomoti boloi, prokuror yo sud bo tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston shikoyat peshnihod namoyand.

  1. SHakhsoni himoyashavanda uhdadorand:

– sharthoi nisbati onho tatbiq namudani chorahoi amniyati va talaboti qonunii maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlatiro ijro namoyand;

– ba maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlati oid ba har yak hodisai tahdid yo amalhoi ziddiqonuni nisbati onho favran malumot peshnihod namoyand;

– zimni kor farmudani molu mulki dar sarkhati duyumi qismi 1 moddai 6 Qonuni mazkur nishondodashuda, ki az jonibi maqomoti amalikunandai chorahoi amniyati bo maqsadi tamini amniyati onho baroi istifoda doda shudaast, talaboti qonunho va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikistonro rioya namoyand;

– malumotro oid ba tatbiq namudani chorahoi himoyai davlati nisbati onho be ijozati maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlati fosh nakunand.

 

Moddai 24. Huquq va uhdadorihoi maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlati

  1. Maqomote, ki oid ba tatbiq namudani himoyai davlati dar doirai salohiyati khud qaror qabul mekunand, huquq dorand:

– az hamai maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot, shakhsoni huquqi va voqei az rui ariza va malumot dar borai tahdid ba amniyati shakhsone, ki nisbatashon qaror oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlati qabul karda meshavad, malumoti zaruriro darkhost namuda girand;

– amalhoi murofiavi yo dodani suporishhoi zaruriro ba maqomoti amalikunandai chorahoi amniyati va maqomoti amalikunandai chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi baroi tatbiqi himoyai davlatii shakhsoni dar moddai 2 Qonuni mazkur nishondodashuda anjom dihand;

– dar holati zaruri az maqomoti amalikunandai chorahoi amniyati va maqomoti amalikunandai chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi taini chorahoi ilovagii himoyai davlatiro talab namoyand;

– dar muvofiqa bo maqomoti amalikunandai chorahoi nishondodashuda chorahoi amniyati va chorahoi dastgirii ijtnmoiro purra yo qisman bekor kunand.

  1. Maqomoti amalikunandai chorahoi amniyati huquq dorand:

– tadbirhoi zarurii amniyatii bo Qonuni mazkur peshbinishudaro intikhob namoyand, usulhoi tatbiqi onhoro muayyan kunand va hangomi zarurat chorahoi amniyatii tatbiqshavandaro tagyir dihand va ilova namoyand;

– az shakhsoni himoyashavanda rioyai sharthoi tatbiqi chorahoi amniyatiro nisbati onho, ijroi suporishhoi qonuniro vobasta ba tatbiqi chorahoi mazkur talab namoyand;

– ba sud (sudya), prokuror, sardori vohidi tahqiq, rohbari maqomoti amalkunandai faoliyati operativi-justujui yo mufattish, ki ariza (malumot) oid ba jinoyat yo parvandai jinoyati dar istehsoloti onho qaror dorad, bo darkhost (ariza) dar borai tatbiq namudani chorahoi amniyati zimni anjom dodani amalhoi murofiavi yo bekor kardani onho murojiat namoyand; (QJT az 03.07.2012s., №865)

– bo tartibi Muqarrarnamudai Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai faoliyati operativi-justujui» chorahoi operativi-justujui guzaronand.

  1. Maqomoti amalikunandai chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi huquq dorand:

– az maqomote, ki oid ba amali namudani himoyai davlati qaror qabul mekunand va az shakhsoni himoyashavanda malumoti ilovagii baroi amali namudani chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi zaruriro darkhost namoyand;

– ba maqomote, ki oid ba tatbiqi himoyai davlati qaror qabul kardaand, dar mavridi muayyan kardani holathoe, ki imkonnyati tatbiqi chorahoi mazkurro istisno mekunand, bo darkhost murojiat namoyand.

  1. Maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlati uhdadorand:

– ba har yak holati ba onho malumshuda, ki tamini chorahoi amniyati yo chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoiro talab mekunad, favran etino namoyand;

– hamai chorahoi amniyati va chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoii zaruriro amali namoyand;

– tibqi muqarraroti peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur, shakhsoni himoyashavandaro oid ba tatbiq namudan, tagyir dodan, ilova yo bekor kardani tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati va chorahoi dastgirii ijtimoi nisbati onho, inchunin oid ba qabuli Qarorhoi vobasta ba tamini himoyai davlatii peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston sari vaqt khabardor namoyand;

– ba shakhsi himoyashavanda zimni elon namudani qaror (tainot) dar borai nisbati u tatbiq namudani himoyai davlati huquq va uhdadorihoyashro fahmonand.

 

BOBI 5. JAVOBGARI BAROI RIOYA NAKARDANI TALABOTI QONUNI MAZKUR

 

Moddai 25. Javobgarii shakhsi mansabdor baroi rioya nakardani talaboti vobasta ba tamini himoyai davlati

SHakhsi mansabdori maqomoti taminkunandai himoyai davlati, ki ba qabul nakardani qaror oid ba tatbiq namudani himoyai davlati yo ba tavri lozimi tatbiq nakardani on roi dodaast, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.

 

Moddai 26. Javobgari baroi fosh kardani malumot dar borai shakhsi himoyashavanda va chorahoi amniyati

Fosh kardani malumot dar borai shakhsi himoyashavanda va tatbiqi chorahoi amniyati nisbati u az jonibi shakhse, ki ba vay in malumot bovari karda shuda bud, yo zimni faoliyati khizmatiash ba u malum gashtaast, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston boisi ba javobgari kashidan megardad.

 

Moddai 27. Javobgarii shakhsi himoyashavanda

Ba shakhsoni digar furukhtan, ba garav mondan yo dodani molu mulki dar sarkhati duyumi qismi 1 moddai 6 Qonuni mazkur peshbinishuda, ki jihati tamini amniyat ba shakhsi himoyashavanda baroi istifoda doda shudaast, inchunin gum yo vayron kardani molu mulki mazkur, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston boisi ba javobgari kashidan megardad.

 

BOBI 6. MABLAGUZORI VA TAMINOTI MODDIYU TEHNIKII HIMOYAI DAVLATI

 

Moddai 28. Mablagguzori va taminoti moddiyu tekhnikii himoyai davlati

  1. Baroi tamini himoyai davlati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston Barnomai davlatii tamini amniyati ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyatiro tasdiq menamoyad.
  2. Mablagguzori va taminoti moddiyu tekhnikii Barnomai davlatii tamini amniyati ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati az hisobi mablagi bujet va manbahoi digari moliyavii peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali megardand.
  3. Harojoti vobasta ba tamini himoyai davlati naboyad ba zimmai shakhsi himoyashavanda guzoshta shavad.

 

BOBI 7. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 29. Mavridi amal qaror dodani qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

          Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                     Emomali Rahmon

 

sh. Dushanbe,

29 dekabri soli 2010

№644

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