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Hifzi ittiloot

QARORI MAJLISI NAMOYANDAGONI

MAJLISI OLII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Oidi qabul namudani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai hifzi ittiloot»

Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror mekunad:

  1.          Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai hifzi ittiloot» qabul karda shavad.
  2.          Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston:

–    dar khususi ba Qonuni mazkur mutobiq gardonidani qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumkhurii Tojikiston taklifho peshnihod namoyad.

 

 

 

Raisi Majlisi namoyandagoni                                                                                                 S. HAYRULLOEV

Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston                     

sh. Dushanbe  15 mayi soli 2002

№631

 

 

 

 

QARORI

MAJLISI MILLII

MAJLISI OLII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 

Oidi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai hifzi ittiloot»

 

Majlisi milii  Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikistonro «Dar borai hifzi ittiloot» barrasi namuda, qaror mekunad:

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai hifzi ittiloot» jonibdori karda shavad.

 

 

Raisi Majlisi millii

Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                             M. UBAYDULLOEV

sh. Dushanbe  12 noyabri soli 2002

№334 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

QONUNI

JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 

Dar borai hifzi ittiloot

 

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 2002, №11, mod. 696; soli 2005, №12, mod.646)

 

Qonuni mazkur prinsiphoi asosii tamini hifzi ittiloot va tanzimi munosibathoi huquqii dar in soha ba vujud omadaro muqarrar menamoyad.

 

BOBI I. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

 

Moddai 1. Maqsadhoi hifzi ittiloot

Ba maqsadkhoi  hifzi ittiloot mansuband:

–               peshgiri namudani ikhroji, duzdi, gumshavi, galat manidodkuni, nuskhabardori va bastani  rohi pahnshavii ittiloot;

–               peshgiri namudani amaliyothoi beijozat oidi nobudsozi, tagyirdihi, galat manidodkuni, nuskhabardori va bastani rohi pahnshavii ittiloot;

–               peshgiri namudani  amaliyotkhoi boijozat va beijozat, ki boisi qasdan yo biduni qasd nobudsozi, bastani rohi pakhnshavi, galat manidodkuni (sokhtakori), duzdi, nuskhabardori, ikhroji, digargunishavi va tagyirebii ittiloot gardidanash mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 2. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi zayl istifoda burda meshavand:

–               tamini tekhnikii sistemahoi ittilooti- majmui vositahoi tekhnikie, ki baroi kori sistemai ittilooti peshbini shudaand, inchunin hujjatnokgardonii dakhldori in vositaho va ravandhoi tekhnologi;

–               tamini barnomavii sistemahoi ittilooti – majmui barnomaho baroi tatbiqi maqsadho va vazifahoi sistemai ittilooti, inchunin baroi mutadil kor kardani majmui vositahoi tekhniki;

–               hifzi ittiloot – majmui chorabiniho, ki bo maqsadi peshgiri namudani ikhroji, duzdi, gumkuni, nobudsozii beijozat, galat manidodkuni, tagyirdikhi (sokhtakori), nuskhabardorii  beijozat va bastani rohi pahnshavii ittiloot  guzaronida meshavand;

–               samaranokii hifzi ittiloot – darajai mutobiqati natijahoi ba dast omadai amalho oidi hifzi ittiloot ba maqsadhoi hifz;

–               nazorati samaranokii hifzi ittiloot – sanjishi mutobiqati samaranokii chorabinihoi hifzi ittiloot ba talabothoi muqarrarshuda yo meyorhoi samaranokii hifz;

–               bekhatarii ittiloot – holati himoyashavii ittilooti dar sistemahoi ittilooti kor karda baromada shuda az tahdidi dokhili yo beruni;

–               khorijshavii ittiloot – pahnkunii  nazoratnashavandai ittilooti hifzshavanda dar natijai dastrasshavii beijozat;

–               dastrasshavii beijozat – ba dast ovardani ittilooti hifzshavanda az tarafi subekti manfiatdor bo vayronkunii huquq yo qoidahoi dastrasshavii ittilooti hifzshavanda, ki khujjathoi huquqi yo moliki (sohibi) ittiloot muqarrar kardaand;

–               foshkunii ittilooti hifzshavanda – beijozat rasonidani ittilooti hifzshavanda ba istemolkunandagone, ki huquqi dastras kardani in ittilootro nadorand;

–               tagyirdihii ittiloot – digargun sokhtani ittiloot, ki ijozati muallif yo moliki ittilootro talab menamoyad;

–               az nav sokhtani ittiloot – tagyir dodani ittiloot dar natijai amaliyoti az tarafi sistema yo tekhnologiyai ittilooti amrnomadodashuda;

–               galat manidodkuni va sokhtakorii itiloot – tagyir dodani ittiloot dar natijai amaliyothoi guzaronidashuda oid ba makhfidori, rafsozi, ivaz yo dokhil namudani yagon khel unsurhoi ittiloot dar sathi sintaksisi, semantiki yo pragmatiki;

–               bastani rohi pahnshavii ittiloot  – amaliyote, ki natijai on qat shudani dastrasii ittiloot meboshad;

–               nobudsozii ittiloot – in amali barqasdona yo beehtiyotona meboshad, ki dar natijai on mavjudiyati ittiloot baroi shakhsi huquqi  yo voqei dar hajmi purra yo mahdud qat megardad;

–               sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot – ravandi muqarrar namudani mutobiqati vositahoi istifodashavandai hifzi ittiloot ba talaboti  standarthoi davlati yo khujjathoi digari meyorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oidi hifzi ittiloot.

 

Moddai 3. Qonunguzori oid ba hifzi ittiloot

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oidi hifzi ittiloot ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin shartnomaho va sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqii baynalmilalie, ki onhoro Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof kardaast iborat ast.

 

Moddai 4. Vositahoi hifzi ittiloot

Ba vositahoi hifzi ittiloot mansuband:

–               tashkili;

–               tekhniki;

–               barnomavi;

–               dastgohi;

–               jismoni;

–               kriptografi.

 

Moddai 5. Obekti hifz

Obekti hifz ittilooti khujjatnokgardidae meboshad, ki nisbati on qoidahoi muayyan va istifodai mahdudi on bo qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, az tarafi doranda yo moliki chunin ittiloot muqarrar karda shudaand.

 

Moddai 6. Subekthoi munosibathoi huquqi dar sohai hifzi ittiloot

Subekthoi munosibathoi huquqi dar sohai hifzi ittiloot davlat dar shakhsi maqomoti idorakunii davlati, shakhsoni voqei va huquqi meboshand, ki mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, huquqi muqarar namudani qoidahoi muayyan va tartibi hifzi ittiloot, inchunin mahdudiyathoro hangomi kor bo ittiloot dorand.

 

Moddai 7. Kafolati hifzi huquqi

Subekthoi munosibathoi huquqi hangomi tamini hifzi ittiloot baroi muhofizat az zarari dar natijai amaliyotkhoi qonuni yo gayriqonuni rasonidashuda, ki sababi nobudshavi, bastani rokhi pakhnshavi, galat manidodkuni (sokhtakori), duzdi, nuskhabardori, khorijshavi, tagyiryobi, digargun shudani ittiloot gardidaand, inchunin hangomi vayronkunii huquqhoi muallif, huquqi doranda yo moliki ittiloot bo tartibi muqarrarshudai qonunguzori huquq dorand.

 

Moddai 8. Ba tanzim darovardani munosibathoi bayni subekthoi munosibathoi huquqi hangomi tamini hifzi ittiloot

Munosibathoi bayni subekthoi huquqi hangomi tamini hifzi ittiloot bo qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki kategoriyahoi ittilootro az rui darajai dastrasi ba on muayyan menamoyand, tartibi hifzi ittiloot, inchunin bo shartnomaho va sozishnomahoe, ki bayni subekthoi munosibathoi huquqi basta shudaand, ba tanzim darovarda meshavand.

Subekthoi munosibati huquqi uhdadorand yakdigarro oidi khususiyatho, usulho va shaklhoi korkardi ittiloot, hifzi on khabardor namoyand va rozigii molik yo dorandai ittilootro oidi korkardi on girand.

 

BOBI II. TASHKILI HIFZI ITTILOOT

 

Moddai 9. Tanzim va idorakunii davlati dar sohai hifzi ittiloot

Maqomoti davlatii vakolatdori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston hifzi ittilootro bo rohhoi zerin idora mekunad:

–               guzaronidani siyosati yagonai tekhniki oid ba hifzi ittiloot;

–               tahiyai konsepsiyaho, talabot, asnodi meyorii tekhniki va tavsiyahoi ilmiyu metodii hifzi ittiloot;

–               tasdiq namudani tartibi tashkil, faoliyat va nazorati ijroi tadbirhoi hifzi ittiloote, ki molikiyati davlat ast, inchunin tavsiyaho oid ba hifzi ittiloote, ki molikiyati shakhsi voqei va huquqi meboshad;

–               tashkili ozmoish va sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot;

–               tasisi sokhtorhoi idoravi va sohavii hamohangsoz jihati hifzi ittiloot;

–               guzaronidani attestatsiyai kormandoni maqomot, markazu laboratoriyahoi sertifikatsioni, dodani ijozatnoma dar sohai hifzi ittiloot;

–               anjom dodani nazorati ijroi korho oidi tashkili hifzi ittiloot;

–               muayyan namudani tartibi ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqii davlathoi khoriji dastras budani ittiloote, ki molikiyati davlat meboshad yo ittilooti shakhsoni huquqi va voqei, ki nisbat ba pahn namudan va istifodai on az jonibi davlat mahdudiyatho muqarrar gardidaand.

Vazoratu idoraho va digar maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va idorakuni halli masalahoi  hifzi ittilootro dar doirai salohiyati khud tamin mekunand.

 

Moddai 10. Ijozatnomadihii (litsenziyakunonii)  faoliyat dar sohai hifzi ittiloot

Ijozatnomadihii (litsenziyakunonii) faoliyat dar sohai hifzi ittiloot tibqi   Jumhurii Tojikiston  «Dar borai ijozatnomadihi ba baze namudhoi faoliyat» anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 11. Umuri hifzi ittiloot

Dar muassisaho va tashkilothoi davlati mumkin ast vohidho, umurhoe tashkil karda shavand, ki kori vobasta ba hifzi ittiloot, dastgirii sathi hifzi ittilootro tashkil menamoyand va baroi samaranokii hifzi ittiloot mutobiqi talaboti Qonuni mazkur masul meboshand.

 

Moddai 12. Mablagguzorii korho

Korhoi marbut ba ijroi talaboti ilovagi oid ba hifzi ittiloot, ki az shakli sertifikatsioni farq dorad, az jonibi ashkhosi voqei yo huquqie, ki onhoro muayyan namudaand va yo dar asosi shartnoma mablagguzori karda meshavand.

 

BOBI III. TALABOTI UMUMI BA HIFZI ITTILOOT

 

Moddai 13. Tamini hifzi ittiloot

Hifzi ittiloot bo rohhoi zayl tamin karda meshavand:

–               az tarafi subekthoi munosibathoi huquqi rioya namudani meyorho, talabot va qoidahoi khususiyati tashkili va tekhnikidoshta oidi hifzi ittiloot;

–               istifodai vositahoi tekhnikai hisobbaror, tamini barnomavi va dastgohi va umuman vositahoi hifz, ki ba talaboti muqarrarshuda oidi hifzi ittiloot javobgu meboshand;

–               ba jo ovardani nazorati hifzi ittiloot.

 

Moddai 14. Muqarrar namudani talabotu qoidaho va sharthoi hifzi ittiloot

Talabotu qoidahoi hifzi ittiloot, ki molikiyati davlat meboshad yo ittiloote, ki hifzi on az tarafi davlat kafolat doda shudaast, az tarafi maqomoti davlatii vakolatdori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavand.

SHarthoi hifzi ittiloot dar vositahoi korkardi ittiloot bo tartibi mukarrarnamudai nizomnomai dakhldor, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq kardaast, ba jo ovarda meshavad.

In talabotu qoidaho va sharthoi hifzi ittiloot baroi hamai subekthoi in munosibatho hatmi meboshand.

 

Moddai 15. Vazifahoi maqomoti davlati oid ba sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot

Vositahoi hifzi ittiloot boyad sertifikati maqomoti davlatii vakolatdori Hukumati Jumkhurii Tojikistonro doshta boshad.

Dar rafti sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifz sanjishi (attestatsiyai) onho niz guzaronida meshavad.

Moliki ittiloot huquq dorad ba maqomoti sertifikatsiya bo darkhost oidi guzaronidani sanjishi vositahoi hifz va giriftani khulosahoi dakhldor murojiat namoyad.

Tasis va mutobiqati sistemai sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittilootro oid ba talaboti bekhatarii ittiloot maqomi davlatii vakolatdori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston amali megardonad, ki on dar asosi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va Nizomnomai sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot oid ba talaboti bekhatarii ittiloot, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq namudast, faoliyat mekunad.

Maqomi davlatie, ki sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittilootro ba jo meorad, ijroi vazifahoi zaylro tamin menamoyad:

–               tashkil va mutobiq kardani sistemahoi sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot ba talaboti bekhatarii ittiloot;

–               tashkil va kor kardani sistemahoi sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot;

–               muayyan namudani fehristi vositahoi hifz, ki boyad hatman sertifikatsiya karda shavand;

–               muqarrar namudani qoidahoi vakolatdorshavi  baroi guzaronidani korho oid ba sertifikatsiya;

–               tahiya va tasdiqi hujathoi meyori va metodii sistemahoi sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot ;

–               tartib dodani ruykhati davlatii ishtirokchiyon va obekthoi sertifikatsiya;

–               ba jo ovardani nazorati davlati (az jumla bozrasi) baroi rioya namudani qoidahoi sertifikatsiya va vositahoi sertifikatsiyashudai hifzi ittiloot;

–               barrasii shikoyatho oid ba masalahoi sertifikatsiya;

–               tashkili nashri davravii malumotho oidi sistemai sertifikatsiya, talabot va qoidahoi on, bo nishon dodani fehristi vositahoi hifzi ittiloot, ki bo parametrhoi sertifikatsiyashavandai onho boyad  sertifikatsiya karda shavand, fehristi maqomot oidi sertifikatsiyai namudhoi muayyani vositahoi hifzi ittiloot, fehristi markazhoi (laboratoriyahoi) ozmoishi, fehristi hujjathoi meyori ba mutobiqati talabothoe, ki az rui onho sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot guzaronida meshavad va hujjathoi metodi oidi guzaronidani ozmoishhoi sertifikatsioni;

–               mutobiq kardani faoliyati maqomoti sertifikatsiya va maqomoti ozmoishi (laboratoriyaho), ki ba sistemai sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot dokhiland.

Sistemai sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot bo talaboti bekhatarii  ittiloot attestatsiyai obekthoi ittilootoniro bo talaboti bekhatarii ittiloot niz dar bar megirad va boyad bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston ba qaydi davlati girifta shavand.

 

Moddai 16. Sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot

Tahti mafhumi obekthoi ittilootoni, ki bo talaboti bekhatarii ittiloot attestatsiya meshavand, sistemahoi avtomatii (AS) sathhoi gunogun va tainotho, sistemahoi aloqa, tasvir va nuskhabardorii hujjatho dar yakjoyagi bo binohoe, ki dar onho guzoshta shudaand, ittilooti baroi korkard va dodan peshbinishudae, ki boyad hifz karda shavand, inchunin khudi binoho, ki baroi burdani guftuguhoi makhfi peshbini gardidaand, fahmida meshavad.

Mavridi sertifikatsiyai hatmi vositaho, az jumla istehsoli khoriji, ki baroi hifzi ittiloot tain shudaand va sirri davlatiro tashkil menamoyand, inchunin digar ittiloot bo mahdudiyati dastrasi, inchunin vositahoe, ki dar idorai obekthoi az jihati ekologi khatarnok istifoda meshavand, qaror megirand.Fehristi vositahoi hifzi ittiloot, ki boyad hatman sertifikatsiya karda shavand, az tarafi maqomoti davlatie, ki faoliyati sistemai sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittilootro mutobiq menamoyad, kor karda baromada va tasdiq karda meshavad.Dar holathoi boqimonda sertifikatsiya khususiyati ikhtiyori (sertifikatsiyai ikhtiyori) dorad va bo tashabbusi tahiyagar, tayyorkunanda yo istifodabarandai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot ba jo ovarda meshavad.

Ozmoishi vositahoi hifzi ittiloot az tarafi markazhoi (laboratoriyahoi) ozmoishii vakolatdor dar bazai moddiyu tekhnikii onho yo bo muvofiqa bo maqomi davlatie, ki sistemai sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittilootro mutobiq mekunad, dar bazai arizadihanda guzaronida meshavad.

Asosi guzaronidani korho ba sertifikatsiyai shartnomai bayni ishtirokchiyoni sertifikatsiya meboshad.

Harojoti guzaronidani sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot ba arzishi aslii on dokhil karda meshavad.

Qarori bozdoshtan yo bekor kardani amali sertifikat va shahodatnomai vakolatdoriro maqomi davlatie, ki faoliyati sistemai sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittilootro mutobiq menamoyad, qabul mekunad.

Maqomote, ki faoliyatro oidi sertifikatsiyai vositahoi hifzi ittiloot ba amal mebarorand va markazhoi (labaratoriyahoi) ozmoishi baroi ijroi vazifahoi ba zimmaashon guzoshtashuda,tamini nigohdorii sirri davlati, digar malumothoi makhfi, inchunin baroi rioyai huquqhoi muallifii arizadihandagon hangomi ozmoishi vositahoi hifzi ittilooti onho javobgar meboshand.

Dar borai amalhoi gayriqonunii maqomoti sertifikatsiyai mumkin ast ba tariqi sudi shikoyat karda shavad.

 

BOBI IV. FAOLIYATI  BAYNALMILALI  DAR  COHAI HIFZI ITTILOOT

 

Moddai 17. Hamkori doir ba masalahoi hifzi ittiloot

Bo maqsadi tamini hamkorii baynidavlati, maqomoti davlatii az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston vakolatdorshuda kori khudro oidi hifzi ittiloot bo maqomoti hifzi ittilooti digar davlatho tibqi sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali, ki onhoro Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof kardaast, hamohang mesozand.

 

BOBI V. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 18. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

Baroi vayron namudani talaboti Qonuni mazkur javobgari muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston surat megirad.

Tovoni zarari rasonidashuda dar hajmi purraash bo rohi ikhtiyori yo bo tartibi sudi ruyonida meshavad.

 

Moddai 19. Mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az nashri rasmiash mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

       Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                                                       E. RAHMONOV

sh. Dushanbe 2 dekabri soli2002

№71

 

 

 

 

 

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